Merge "Add appendix about OVN"

changes/20/691120/1
Zuul 3 years ago committed by Gerrit Code Review
commit 24600a4678

@ -0,0 +1,212 @@
Appendix O: Open Virtual Network (OVN)
======================================
Overview
++++++++
As of the 19.10 charm release, with OpenStack Train or later, support for
integration with Open Virtual Network (OVN) is available.
OVN charms:
* neutron-api-plugin-ovn
* ovn-central
* ovn-chassis
* ovn-dedicated-chassis
.. warning::
The OVN charms are considered preview charms.
Deployment
++++++++++
OVN makes use of Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) to authenticate and authorize
control plane communication. The charm requires a Certificate Authority to be
present in the model as represented by the ``certificates`` relation.
Follow the instructions for deployment and configuration of Vault in
`Appendix E <./app-certificate-management.html>`_.
OVN can then be deployed:
.. code::
juju config neutron-api manage-neutron-plugin-legacy-mode=false
juju deploy neutron-api-plugin-ovn
juju deploy ovn-central -n 3 --config source=cloud:bionic-train
juju deploy ovn-chassis
juju add-relation neutron-api-plugin-ovn:certificates vault:certificates
juju add-relation neutron-api-plugin-ovn:neutron-plugin \
neutron-api:neutron-plugin-api-subordinate
juju add-relation ovn-central:certificates vault:certificates
juju add-relation ovn-chassis:ovsdb ovn-central:ovsdb
juju add-relation ovn-chassis:certificates vault:certificates
juju add-relation ovn-chassis:nova-compute nova-compute:neutron-plugin
The OVN components used for the data plane is deployed by the ``ovn-chassis``
subordinate charm. A subordinate charm is deployed together with a principle
charm, ``nova-compute`` in the example above.
If you require a dedicated software gateway you may deploy the data plane
components as a principle charm through the use of the
`ovn-dedicated-chassis <https://jaas.ai/ovn-dedicated-chassis/>`_ charm.
.. note::
You can also make use of `an OVN overlay bundle <https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openstack-charmers/openstack-bundles/master/development/overlays/openstack-base-ovn.yaml>`_ in conjunction with `the openstack base bundle <https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openstack-charmers/openstack-bundles/master/development/openstack-base-bionic-train/bundle.yaml>`_.
Configuration
+++++++++++++
OVN integrates with OpenStack through an ML2 driver as provided by
`networking-ovn <https://docs.openstack.org/networking-ovn/latest/>`_. General
Neutron configuration is still done through the `neutron-api <https://jaas.ai/neutron-api/>`_
charm, and the subset of configuration specific to OVN is done through the
`neutron-api-plugin-ovn <https://jaas.ai/neutron-api-plugin-ovn/>`_ charm.
Internal DNS resolution
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
OVN supports Neutron internal DNS resolution. To configure this:
.. code::
juju config neutron-api enable-ml2-dns=true
juju config neutron-api dns-domain=openstack.example.
juju config neutron-api-plugin-api dns-servers="1.1.1.1 8.8.8.8"
.. note::
The value for the ``dns-domain`` configuration option must
not be set to 'openstack.local.' as that will effectively disable the
feature.
It is also important to end the string with a '.' (dot).
When you set ``enable-ml2-dns`` to 'true' and set a value for ``dns-domain``,
Neutron will add details such as instance name and DNS domain name to each
individual Neutron port associated with instances. ``networking-ovn`` will
then read instance name and DNS domain name from ports and populate the
``DNS`` table of the Northbound and Southbound databases:
.. code::
# ovn-sbctl list DNS
_uuid : 2e149fa8-d27f-4106-99f5-a08f60c443bf
datapaths : [b25ed99a-89f1-49cc-be51-d215aa6fb073]
external_ids : {dns_id="4c79807e-0755-4d17-b4bc-eb57b93bf78d"}
records : {"c-1"="10.42.0.239", "c-1.openstack.example"="10.42.0.239"}
On the chassis, OVN creates flow rules to redirect UDP port 53 packets (DNS)
to the local ``ovn-controller`` process:
.. code::
cookie=0xdeaffed, duration=77.575s, table=22, n_packets=0, n_bytes=0, idle_age=77, priority=100,udp6,metadata=0x2,tp_dst=53 actions=controller(userdata=00.00.00.06.00.00.00.00.00.01.de.10.00.00.00.64,pause),resubmit(,23)
cookie=0xdeaffed, duration=77.570s, table=22, n_packets=0, n_bytes=0, idle_age=77, priority=100,udp,metadata=0x2,tp_dst=53 actions=controller(userdata=00.00.00.06.00.00.00.00.00.01.de.10.00.00.00.64,pause),resubmit(,23)
The local ``ovn-controller`` process then decides if it should respond to the
DNS query directly or if it needs to be forwarded to the real DNS server.
External connectivity
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Interface and network to bridge mapping is done through the
`ovn-chassis <https://jaas.ai/ovn-chassis/>`_ charm.
Networks for use with external Layer3 connectivity should have mappings on
chassis located in the vicinity of the datacenter border gateways. Having two
or more chassis with mappings for a Layer3 network will have OVN automatically
configure highly available routers with liveness detection provided by the
Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) protocol.
Chassis without direct external mapping to a external Layer3 network will
forward traffic through a tunnel to one of the chassis acting as a gateway for
that network.
.. note::
It is not necessary nor recommended to add mapping for external
Layer3 networks to all chassis. Doing so will create a scaling problem at
the physical network layer that needs to be resolved with globally shared
Layer2 (does not scale) or tunneling at the top-of-rack switch layer (adds
complexity) and is generally not a recommended configuration.
Example configuration:
.. code:: bash
juju config neutron-api flat-network-providers=physnet1
juju config ovn-chassis ovn-bridge-mappings=physnet1:br-provider
juju config ovn-chassis \
interface-bridge-mappings='00:00:5e:00:00:42:br-provider \
00:00:5e:00:00:51:br-providfer'
openstack network create --external --share --provider-network-type flat \
--provider-physical-network physnet1 ext-net
openstack subnet create --network ext-net \
--subnet-range 192.0.2.0/24 \
--no-dhcp --gateway 192.0.2.1 \
ext
Networks for use with external Layer2 connectivity should have mappings present
on all chassis with potential to host the consuming payload.
Usage
+++++
Create networks, routers and subnets through the OpenStack API or CLI as you
normally would.
The ``networking-ovn`` driver will translate the OpenStack network constructs
into high level logical rules in the OVN Northbound database.
The ``ovn-northd`` daemon in turn translates this into data in the Southbound
database.
The local ``ovn-controller`` daemon on each chassis consumes these rules and
programs flows in the local Open vSwitch database.
Information queries
+++++++++++++++++++
.. note::
Future versions of the charms will provide information-gathering in the
form of actions and/or through updates to the ``juju status`` command.
OVSDB Cluster status
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. code::
juju run --application ovn-central 'ovs-appctl -t \
/var/run/openvswitch/ovnnb_db.ctl cluster/status OVN_Northbound'
juju run --application ovn-central 'ovs-appctl -t \
/var/run/openvswitch/ovnsb_db.ctl cluster/status OVN_Southbound'
Querying DBs
~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. code::
juju run --unit ovn-central/leader 'ovn-nbctl show'
juju run --unit ovn-central/leader 'ovn-sbctl show'
juju run --unit ovn-central/leader 'ovn-sbctl lflow-list'
Data plane flow tracing
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. code::
juju run --unit ovn-chassis/1 'ovs-vsctl show'
juju run --unit ovn-chassis/1 'ovs-ofctl dump-flows br-int'
juju run --unit ovn-chassis/1 'sudo ovs-appctl -t ovs-vswitchd \
ofproto/trace br-provider \
in_port=enp3s0f0,icmp,nw_src=192.168.0.1,nw_dst=192.168.0.100'

@ -19,3 +19,4 @@ Appendices
app-masakari.rst
app-erasure-coding.rst
app-policy-overrides.rst
app-ovn.rst

Loading…
Cancel
Save