OpenStack Block Storage (Cinder)
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# All Rights Reserved.
# Copyright 2013 SolidFire Inc
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
import inspect
import json
import math
import re
import socket
import string
import time
import warnings
from oslo_config import cfg
from oslo_log import log as logging
from oslo_service import loopingcall
from oslo_utils import excutils
from oslo_utils import timeutils
from oslo_utils import units
import requests
import six
from cinder import context
from cinder import exception
from cinder.i18n import _
from cinder import interface
from cinder.objects import fields
from cinder import utils
from cinder.volume import configuration
from cinder.volume.drivers.san import san
from cinder.volume import qos_specs
from cinder.volume.targets import iscsi as iscsi_driver
from cinder.volume import volume_types
from cinder.volume import volume_utils
LOG = logging.getLogger(__name__)
sf_opts = [
help='Set 512 byte emulation on volume creation; '),
help='Allow tenants to specify QOS on create'),
help='Create SolidFire accounts with this prefix. Any string '
'can be used here, but the string \"hostname\" is special '
'and will create a prefix using the cinder node hostname '
'(previous default behavior). The default is NO prefix.'),
help='Create SolidFire volumes with this prefix. Volume names '
'are of the form <sf_volume_prefix><cinder-volume-id>. '
'The default is to use a prefix of \'UUID-\'.'),
help='Overrides default cluster SVIP with the one specified. '
'This is required or deployments that have implemented '
'the use of VLANs for iSCSI networks in their cloud.'),
help='SolidFire API port. Useful if the device api is behind '
'a proxy on a different port.'),
help='Utilize volume access groups on a per-tenant basis.'),
choices=['maxProvisionedSpace', 'usedSpace'],
help='Change how SolidFire reports used space and '
'provisioning calculations. If this parameter is set to '
'\'usedSpace\', the driver will report correct '
'values as expected by Cinder '
'thin provisioning.'),
help='Sets time in seconds to wait for an api request to '
help='Sets time in seconds to wait for a clone of a volume or '
'snapshot to complete.'
CONF.register_opts(sf_opts, group=configuration.SHARED_CONF_GROUP)
# SolidFire API Error Constants
xExceededLimit = 'xExceededLimit'
xAlreadyInVolumeAccessGroup = 'xAlreadyInVolumeAccessGroup'
xVolumeAccessGroupIDDoesNotExist = 'xVolumeAccessGroupIDDoesNotExist'
xNotInVolumeAccessGroup = 'xNotInVolumeAccessGroup'
class DuplicateSfVolumeNames(exception.Duplicate):
message = _("Detected more than one volume with name %(vol_name)s")
class SolidFireAPIException(exception.VolumeBackendAPIException):
message = _("Bad response from SolidFire API")
class SolidFireDriverException(exception.VolumeDriverException):
message = _("SolidFire Cinder Driver exception")
class SolidFireAPIDataException(SolidFireAPIException):
message = _("Error in SolidFire API response: data=%(data)s")
class SolidFireAccountNotFound(SolidFireDriverException):
message = _("Unable to locate account %(account_name)s on "
"Solidfire device")
class SolidFireRetryableException(exception.VolumeBackendAPIException):
message = _("Retryable SolidFire Exception encountered")
class SolidFireReplicationPairingError(exception.VolumeBackendAPIException):
message = _("Error on SF Keys")
def retry(exc_tuple, tries=5, delay=1, backoff=2):
def retry_dec(f):
def func_retry(*args, **kwargs):
_tries, _delay = tries, delay
while _tries > 1:
return f(*args, **kwargs)
except exc_tuple:
_tries -= 1
_delay *= backoff
LOG.debug('Retrying %(args)s, %(tries)s attempts '
{'args': args, 'tries': _tries})
# NOTE(jdg): Don't log the params passed here
# some cmds like createAccount will have sensitive
# info in the params, grab only the second tuple
# which should be the Method
msg = (_('Retry count exceeded for command: %s') %
raise SolidFireAPIException(message=msg)
return func_retry
return retry_dec
def locked_image_id_operation(f, external=False):
def lvo_inner1(inst, *args, **kwargs):
lock_tag = inst.driver_prefix
call_args = inspect.getcallargs(f, inst, *args, **kwargs)
if call_args.get('image_meta'):
image_id = call_args['image_meta']['id']
err_msg = _('The decorated method must accept image_meta.')
raise exception.VolumeBackendAPIException(data=err_msg)
@utils.synchronized('%s-%s' % (lock_tag, image_id),
def lvo_inner2():
return f(inst, *args, **kwargs)
return lvo_inner2()
return lvo_inner1
def locked_source_id_operation(f, external=False):
def lvo_inner1(inst, *args, **kwargs):
lock_tag = inst.driver_prefix
call_args = inspect.getcallargs(f, inst, *args, **kwargs)
src_arg = call_args.get('source', None)
if src_arg and src_arg.get('id', None):
source_id = call_args['source']['id']
err_msg = _('The decorated method must accept src_uuid.')
raise exception.VolumeBackendAPIException(message=err_msg)
@utils.synchronized('%s-%s' % (lock_tag, source_id),
def lvo_inner2():
return f(inst, *args, **kwargs)
return lvo_inner2()
return lvo_inner1
class SolidFireDriver(san.SanISCSIDriver):
"""OpenStack driver to enable SolidFire cluster.
.. code-block:: default
Version history:
1.0 - Initial driver
1.1 - Refactor, clone support, qos by type and minor bug fixes
1.2 - Add xfr and retype support
1.2.1 - Add export/import support
1.2.2 - Catch VolumeNotFound on accept xfr
2.0.0 - Move from httplib to requests
2.0.1 - Implement SolidFire Snapshots
2.0.2 - Implement secondary account
2.0.3 - Implement cluster pairing
2.0.4 - Implement volume replication
2.0.5 - Try and deal with the stupid retry/clear issues from objects
and tflow
2.0.6 - Add a lock decorator around the clone_image method
2.0.7 - Add scaled IOPS
2.0.8 - Add active status filter to get volume ops
2.0.9 - Always purge on delete volume
2.0.10 - Add response to debug on retryable errors
2.0.11 - Add ability to failback replicating volumes
2.0.12 - Fix bug #1744005
2.0.14 - Fix bug #1782588 qos settings on extend
2.0.15 - Fix bug #1834013 NetApp SolidFire replication errors
2.0.16 - Add options for replication mode (Async, Sync and
2.0.17 - Fix bug #1859653 SolidFire fails to failback when volume
service is restarted
VERSION = '2.0.17'
# ThirdPartySystems wiki page
CI_WIKI_NAME = "NetApp_SolidFire_CI"
driver_prefix = 'solidfire'
sf_qos_dict = {'slow': {'minIOPS': 100,
'maxIOPS': 200,
'burstIOPS': 200},
'medium': {'minIOPS': 200,
'maxIOPS': 400,
'burstIOPS': 400},
'fast': {'minIOPS': 500,
'maxIOPS': 1000,
'burstIOPS': 1000},
'performant': {'minIOPS': 2000,
'maxIOPS': 4000,
'burstIOPS': 4000},
'off': None}
sf_qos_keys = ['minIOPS', 'maxIOPS', 'burstIOPS']
sf_scale_qos_keys = ['scaledIOPS', 'scaleMin', 'scaleMax', 'scaleBurst']
sf_iops_lim_min = {'minIOPS': 100, 'maxIOPS': 100, 'burstIOPS': 100}
sf_iops_lim_max = {'minIOPS': 15000,
'maxIOPS': 200000,
'burstIOPS': 200000}
cluster_stats = {}
retry_exc_tuple = (SolidFireRetryableException,
retryable_errors = ['xDBVersionMismatch',
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
super(SolidFireDriver, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.failed_over_id = kwargs.get('active_backend_id', None)
self.replication_status = kwargs.get('replication_status', "na")
self.template_account_id = None
self.max_volumes_per_account = 1990
self.volume_map = {}
self.cluster_pairs = []
self.replication_enabled = False
self.failed_over = False
self.verify_ssl = self.configuration.driver_ssl_cert_verify
self.target_driver = SolidFireISCSI(solidfire_driver=self,
# If we're failed over, we need to parse things out and set the active
# cluster appropriately
if self.failed_over_id:"Running on failed-over mode. "
"Active backend-id: %s", self.failed_over_id)
repl_target = self.configuration.get('replication_device', [])
if not repl_target:
LOG.error('Failed to initialize SolidFire driver to '
'a remote cluster specified at id: %s',
raise SolidFireDriverException
remote_endpoint = self._build_repl_endpoint_info(
self.active_cluster = self._create_cluster_reference(
self.failed_over = True
self.replication_enabled = True
self.active_cluster = self._create_cluster_reference()
if self.configuration.replication_device:
self.replication_enabled = True
LOG.debug("Active cluster: %s", self.active_cluster)
# NOTE(jdg): This works even in a failed over state, because what we
# do is use self.active_cluster in issue_api_request so by default we
# always use the currently active cluster, override that by providing
# an endpoint to issue_api_request if needed
except SolidFireAPIException:
def get_driver_options():
return sf_opts
def _init_vendor_properties(self):
properties = {}
"Replication mode",
_("Specifies replication mode."),
enum=["Async", "Sync", "SnapshotsOnly"])
return properties, 'solidfire'
def __getattr__(self, attr):
if hasattr(self.target_driver, attr):
return getattr(self.target_driver, attr)
msg = _('Attribute: %s not found.') % attr
raise NotImplementedError(msg)
def _get_remote_info_by_id(self, backend_id):
remote_info = None
for rd in self.configuration.get('replication_device', []):
if rd.get('backend_id', None) == backend_id:
remote_endpoint = self._build_endpoint_info(**rd)
remote_info = self._get_cluster_info(remote_endpoint)
remote_info['endpoint'] = remote_endpoint
if not remote_info['endpoint']['svip']:
remote_info['endpoint']['svip'] = (
remote_info['svip'] + ':3260')
return remote_info
def _create_remote_pairing(self, remote_device):
pairing_info = self._issue_api_request('StartClusterPairing',
{}, version='8.0')['result']
pair_id = self._issue_api_request(
{'clusterPairingKey': pairing_info['clusterPairingKey']},
except SolidFireAPIException as ex:
if 'xPairingAlreadyExists' in ex.msg:
LOG.debug('Pairing already exists during init.')
with excutils.save_and_reraise_exception():
LOG.error('Cluster pairing failed: %s', ex.msg)
LOG.debug('Initialized Cluster pair with ID: %s', pair_id)
remote_device['clusterPairID'] = pair_id
return pair_id
def _get_cluster_info(self, remote_endpoint):
return self._issue_api_request(
'GetClusterInfo', {},
except SolidFireAPIException:
msg = _("Replication device is unreachable!")
def _check_replication_configs(self):
repl_configs = self.configuration.replication_device
if not repl_configs:
# We only support one replication target. Checking if the user is
# trying to add more than one;
if len(repl_configs) > 1:
msg = _("SolidFire driver only supports one replication target "
raise SolidFireDriverException(msg)
repl_configs = repl_configs[0]
# Check if the user is not using the same MVIP as source
# and replication target.
if repl_configs['mvip'] == self.configuration.san_ip:
msg = _("Source mvip cannot be the same "
"as the replication target.")
raise SolidFireDriverException(msg)
def _set_cluster_pairs(self):
repl_configs = self.configuration.replication_device[0]
existing_pairs = self._issue_api_request(
LOG.debug("Existing cluster pairs: %s", existing_pairs)
remote_pair = {}
remote_endpoint = self._build_repl_endpoint_info(**repl_configs)
remote_info = self._create_cluster_reference(remote_endpoint)
remote_info['backend_id'] = repl_configs['backend_id']
for ep in existing_pairs:
if repl_configs['mvip'] == ep['mvip']:
remote_pair = ep
LOG.debug("Found remote pair: %s", remote_pair)
remote_info['clusterPairID'] = ep['clusterPairID']
if (not remote_pair and
remote_info['mvip'] != self.active_cluster['mvip']):
LOG.debug("Setting up new cluster pairs.")
# NOTE(jdg): create_remote_pairing sets the
# clusterPairID in remote_info for us
if self.cluster_pairs:
LOG.debug("Available cluster pairs: %s", self.cluster_pairs)
def _create_cluster_reference(self, endpoint=None):
cluster_ref = {}
cluster_ref['endpoint'] = endpoint
if not endpoint:
cluster_ref['endpoint'] = self._build_endpoint_info()
cluster_info = (self._issue_api_request(
'GetClusterInfo', {}, endpoint=cluster_ref['endpoint'])
for k, v in cluster_info.items():
cluster_ref[k] = v
# Add a couple extra things that are handy for us
cluster_ref['clusterAPIVersion'] = (
{}, endpoint=cluster_ref['endpoint'])
# NOTE(sfernand): If a custom svip is configured, we update the
# default storage ip to the configuration value.
# Otherwise, we update endpoint info with the default storage ip
# retrieved from GetClusterInfo API call.
svip = cluster_ref['endpoint'].get('svip')
if not svip:
svip = cluster_ref['svip']
if ':' not in svip:
svip += ':3260'
cluster_ref['svip'] = svip
cluster_ref['endpoint']['svip'] = svip
return cluster_ref
def _set_active_cluster(self, endpoint=None):
if not endpoint:
self.active_cluster['endpoint'] = self._build_endpoint_info()
self.active_cluster['endpoint'] = endpoint
for k, v in self._issue_api_request(
self.active_cluster[k] = v
# Add a couple extra things that are handy for us
self.active_cluster['clusterAPIVersion'] = (
if self.configuration.get('sf_svip', None):
self.active_cluster['svip'] = (
def _create_provider_id_string(self,
# NOTE(jdg): We use the same format, but in the case
# of snapshots, we don't have an account id, we instead
# swap that with the parent volume id
return "%s %s %s" % (resource_id,
def _init_snapshot_mappings(self, srefs):
updates = []
sf_snaps = self._issue_api_request(
'ListSnapshots', {}, version='6.0')['result']['snapshots']
for s in srefs:
seek_name = '%s%s' % (self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix, s['id'])
sfsnap = next(
(ss for ss in sf_snaps if ss['name'] == seek_name), None)
if sfsnap:
id_string = self._create_provider_id_string(
if s.get('provider_id') != id_string:
{'id': s['id'],
'provider_id': id_string})
return updates
def _init_volume_mappings(self, vrefs):
updates = []
sf_vols = self._issue_api_request('ListActiveVolumes',
self.volume_map = {}
for v in vrefs:
seek_name = '%s%s' % (self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix, v['id'])
sfvol = next(
(sv for sv in sf_vols if sv['name'] == seek_name), None)
if sfvol:
if v.get('provider_id', 'nil') != sfvol['volumeID']:
{'id': v['id'],
'provider_id': self._create_provider_id_string(
sfvol['volumeID'], sfvol['accountID'])})
return updates
def update_provider_info(self, vrefs, snaprefs):
volume_updates = self._init_volume_mappings(vrefs)
snapshot_updates = self._init_snapshot_mappings(snaprefs)
return (volume_updates, snapshot_updates)
def _build_repl_endpoint_info(self, **repl_device):
endpoint = {
'mvip': repl_device.get('mvip'),
'login': repl_device.get('login'),
'passwd': repl_device.get('password'),
'port': repl_device.get('port', 443),
'url': 'https://%s:%s' % (repl_device.get('mvip'),
repl_device.get('port', 443)),
'svip': repl_device.get('svip')
return endpoint
def _build_endpoint_info(self, **kwargs):
endpoint = {}
# NOTE(jdg): We default to the primary cluster config settings
# but always check to see if desired settings were passed in
# to handle things like replication targets with unique settings
endpoint['mvip'] = (
kwargs.get('mvip', self.configuration.san_ip))
endpoint['login'] = (
kwargs.get('login', self.configuration.san_login))
endpoint['passwd'] = (
kwargs.get('password', self.configuration.san_password))
endpoint['port'] = (
kwargs.get(('port'), self.configuration.sf_api_port))
endpoint['url'] = 'https://%s:%s' % (endpoint['mvip'],
endpoint['svip'] = kwargs.get('svip', self.configuration.sf_svip)
if not endpoint.get('mvip', None) and kwargs.get('backend_id', None):
endpoint['mvip'] = kwargs.get('backend_id')
return endpoint
@retry(retry_exc_tuple, tries=6)
def _issue_api_request(self, method, params, version='1.0',
endpoint=None, timeout=None):
if params is None:
params = {}
if endpoint is None:
endpoint = self.active_cluster['endpoint']
if not timeout:
timeout = self.configuration.sf_api_request_timeout
payload = {'method': method, 'params': params}
url = '%s/json-rpc/%s/' % (endpoint['url'], version)
with warnings.catch_warnings():
req =,
auth=(endpoint['login'], endpoint['passwd']),
response = req.json()
if (('error' in response) and
(response['error']['name'] in self.retryable_errors)):
msg = ('Retryable error (%s) encountered during '
'SolidFire API call.' % response['error']['name'])
LOG.debug("API response: %s", response)
raise SolidFireRetryableException(message=msg)
if (('error' in response) and
response['error']['name'] == 'xInvalidPairingKey'):
LOG.debug("Error on volume pairing!")
raise SolidFireReplicationPairingError
if 'error' in response:
msg = _('API response: %s') % response
raise SolidFireAPIException(msg)
return response
def _get_volumes_by_sfaccount(self, account_id, endpoint=None):
"""Get all volumes on cluster for specified account."""
params = {'accountID': account_id}
return self._issue_api_request(
def _get_volumes_for_account(self, sf_account_id, cinder_uuid=None,
# ListVolumesForAccount gives both Active and Deleted
# we require the solidfire accountID, uuid of volume
# is optional
vols = self._get_volumes_by_sfaccount(sf_account_id, endpoint=endpoint)
if cinder_uuid:
vlist = [v for v in vols if
cinder_uuid in v['name']]
vlist = [v for v in vols]
vlist = sorted(vlist, key=lambda k: k['volumeID'])
return vlist
def _get_sfvol_by_cinder_vref(self, vref):
# sfvols is one or more element objects returned from a list call
# sfvol is the single volume object that will be returned or it will
# be None
sfvols = None
sfvol = None
provider_id = vref.get('provider_id', None)
if provider_id:
sf_vid, sf_aid, sf_cluster_id = provider_id.split(' ')
except ValueError:
LOG.warning("Invalid provider_id entry for volume: %s",
# So there shouldn't be any clusters out in the field that are
# running Element < 8.0, but just in case; we'll to a try
# block here and fall back to the old methods just to be safe
sfvol = self._issue_api_request(
{'startVolumeID': sf_vid,
'limit': 1},
# Bug 1782373 validate the list returned has what we asked
# for, check if there was no match
if sfvol['volumeID'] != int(sf_vid):
sfvol = None
except Exception:
if not sfvol:"Failed to find volume by provider_id, "
"attempting ListForAccount")
for account in self._get_sfaccounts_for_tenant(vref.project_id):
sfvols = self._issue_api_request(
{'accountID': account['accountID']})['result']['volumes']
# Bug 1782373 match single encase no provider as the
# above call will return a list for the account
for sfv in sfvols:
if sfv['attributes'].get('uuid', None) ==
sfvol = sfv
return sfvol
def _get_sfaccount_by_name(self, sf_account_name, endpoint=None):
"""Get SolidFire account object by name."""
sfaccount = None
params = {'username': sf_account_name}
data = self._issue_api_request('GetAccountByName',
if 'result' in data and 'account' in data['result']:
LOG.debug('Found solidfire account: %s', sf_account_name)
sfaccount = data['result']['account']
except SolidFireAPIException as ex:
if 'xUnknownAccount' in ex.msg:
return sfaccount
return sfaccount
def _get_sf_account_name(self, project_id):
"""Build the SolidFire account name to use."""
prefix = self.configuration.sf_account_prefix or ''
if prefix == 'hostname':
prefix = socket.gethostname()
return '%s%s%s' % (prefix, '-' if prefix else '', project_id)
def _get_sfaccount(self, project_id):
sf_account_name = self._get_sf_account_name(project_id)
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount_by_name(sf_account_name)
if sfaccount is None:
raise SolidFireAccountNotFound(
return sfaccount
def _create_sfaccount(self, sf_account_name, endpoint=None):
"""Create account on SolidFire device if it doesn't already exist.
We're first going to check if the account already exists, if it does
just return it. If not, then create it.
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount_by_name(sf_account_name,
if sfaccount is None:
LOG.debug('solidfire account: %s does not exist, create it...',
chap_secret = self._generate_random_string(12)
params = {'username': sf_account_name,
'initiatorSecret': chap_secret,
'targetSecret': chap_secret,
'attributes': {}}
self._issue_api_request('AddAccount', params,
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount_by_name(sf_account_name,
return sfaccount
def _generate_random_string(self, length):
"""Generates random_string to use for CHAP password."""
return volume_utils.generate_password(
symbolgroups=(string.ascii_uppercase + string.digits))
def _build_connection_info(self, sfaccount, vol, endpoint=None):
"""Gets the connection info for specified account and volume."""
if endpoint:
iscsi_portal = endpoint['svip']
iscsi_portal = self.active_cluster['svip']
if ':' not in iscsi_portal:
iscsi_portal += ':3260'
chap_secret = sfaccount['targetSecret']
vol_id = vol['volumeID']
iqn = vol['iqn']
conn_info = {
# NOTE(john-griffith): SF volumes are always at lun 0
'provider_location': ('%s %s %s' % (iscsi_portal, iqn, 0)),
'provider_auth': ('CHAP %s %s' % (sfaccount['username'],
if not self.configuration.sf_emulate_512:
conn_info['provider_geometry'] = ('%s %s' % (4096, 4096))
conn_info['provider_id'] = (
self._create_provider_id_string(vol_id, sfaccount['accountID']))
return conn_info
def _get_model_info(self, sfaccount, sf_volume_id, endpoint=None):
volume = None
volume_list = self._get_volumes_by_sfaccount(
sfaccount['accountID'], endpoint=endpoint)
for v in volume_list:
if v['volumeID'] == sf_volume_id:
volume = v
if not volume:
LOG.error('Failed to retrieve volume SolidFire-'
'ID: %s in get_by_account!', sf_volume_id)
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=sf_volume_id)
model_update = self._build_connection_info(sfaccount, volume,
return model_update
def _snapshot_discovery(self, src_uuid, params, vref):
# NOTE(jdg): First check the SF snapshots
# if we don't find a snap by the given name, just move on to check
# volumes. This may be a running system that was updated from
# before we did snapshots, so need to check both
is_clone = False
sf_vol = None
snap_name = '%s%s' % (self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix, src_uuid)
snaps = self._get_sf_snapshots()
snap = next((s for s in snaps if s["name"] == snap_name), None)
if snap:
params['snapshotID'] = int(snap['snapshotID'])
params['volumeID'] = int(snap['volumeID'])
params['newSize'] = int(vref['size'] * units.Gi)
sf_vol = self._get_sf_volume(src_uuid)
if sf_vol is None:
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=src_uuid)
params['volumeID'] = int(sf_vol['volumeID'])
params['newSize'] = int(vref['size'] * units.Gi)
is_clone = True
return params, is_clone, sf_vol
def _do_clone_volume(self, src_uuid,
vref, sf_src_snap=None):
"""Create a clone of an existing volume or snapshot."""
LOG.debug("Creating cloned volume from vol %(src)s to %(dst)s.",
{'src': src_uuid, 'dst':})
sf_account = self._get_create_account(vref['project_id'])
params = {'name': '%(prefix)s%(id)s' %
{'prefix': self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix,
'id': vref['id']},
'newAccountID': sf_account['accountID']}
is_clone = False
if sf_src_snap:
# In some scenarios we are passed the snapshot information that we
# are supposed to clone.
params['snapshotID'] = sf_src_snap['snapshotID']
params['volumeID'] = sf_src_snap['volumeID']
params['newSize'] = int(vref['size'] * units.Gi)
params, is_clone, sf_src_vol = self._snapshot_discovery(
src_uuid, params, vref)
data = self._issue_api_request('CloneVolume', params, version='6.0')
if (('result' not in data) or ('volumeID' not in data['result'])):
msg = _("API response: %s") % data
raise SolidFireAPIException(msg)
sf_cloned_id = data['result']['volumeID']
# NOTE(jdg): all attributes are copied via clone, need to do an update
# to set any that were provided
params = self._get_default_volume_params(vref, is_clone=is_clone)
params['volumeID'] = sf_cloned_id
data = self._issue_api_request('ModifyVolume', params)
def _wait_volume_is_active():
model_info = self._get_model_info(sf_account, sf_cloned_id)
if model_info:
raise loopingcall.LoopingCallDone(model_info)
except exception.VolumeNotFound:
LOG.debug('Waiting for cloned volume [%s] - [%s] to become '
'active', sf_cloned_id,
timer = loopingcall.FixedIntervalWithTimeoutLoopingCall(
model_update = timer.start(
except loopingcall.LoopingCallTimeOut:
msg = (_('Failed to get model update from clone '
'%(cloned_id)s - %(vref_id)s') %
{'cloned_id': sf_cloned_id, 'vref_id':})
raise SolidFireAPIException(msg)
rep_settings = self._retrieve_replication_settings(vref)
if self.replication_enabled and rep_settings:
vref['volumeID'] = sf_cloned_id
rep_updates = self._replicate_volume(
vref, params, sf_account, rep_settings)
except SolidFireDriverException:
with excutils.save_and_reraise_exception():
{'volumeID': sf_cloned_id})
{'volumeID': sf_cloned_id})
# Increment the usage count, just for data collection
# We're only doing this for clones, not create_from snaps
if is_clone:
data = self._update_attributes(sf_src_vol)
return (data, sf_account, model_update)
def _update_attributes(self, sf_vol):
cloned_count = sf_vol['attributes'].get('cloned_count', 0)
cloned_count += 1
attributes = sf_vol['attributes']
attributes['cloned_count'] = cloned_count
params = {'volumeID': int(sf_vol['volumeID'])}
params['attributes'] = attributes
return self._issue_api_request('ModifyVolume', params)
def _do_volume_create(self, sf_account, params, endpoint=None):
params['accountID'] = sf_account['accountID']
sf_volid = self._issue_api_request(
'CreateVolume', params, endpoint=endpoint)['result']['volumeID']
return self._get_model_info(sf_account, sf_volid, endpoint=endpoint)
def _do_snapshot_create(self, params):
model_update = {}
snapshot_id = self._issue_api_request(
'CreateSnapshot', params, version='6.0')['result']['snapshotID']
snaps = self._get_sf_snapshots()
snap = (
next((s for s in snaps if int(s["snapshotID"]) ==
int(snapshot_id)), None))
model_update['provider_id'] = (
return model_update
def _set_qos_presets(self, volume):
qos = {}
valid_presets = self.sf_qos_dict.keys()
# First look to see if they included a preset
presets = [i.value for i in volume.get('volume_metadata')
if i.key == 'sf-qos' and i.value in valid_presets]
if len(presets) > 0:
if len(presets) > 1:
LOG.warning('More than one valid preset was '
'detected, using %s', presets[0])
qos = self.sf_qos_dict[presets[0]]
# look for explicit settings
for i in volume.get('volume_metadata'):
if i.key in self.sf_qos_keys:
qos[i.key] = int(i.value)
return qos
def _extract_sf_attributes_from_extra_specs(self, type_id):
# This will do a 1:1 copy of the extra spec keys that
# include the SolidFire delimeter into a Volume attribute
# K/V pair
ctxt = context.get_admin_context()
volume_type = volume_types.get_volume_type(ctxt, type_id)
specs = volume_type.get('extra_specs')
sf_keys = []
for key, value in specs.items():
if "SFAttribute:" in key:
fields = key.split(':')
sf_keys.append({fields[1]: value})
return sf_keys
def _set_qos_by_volume_type(self, ctxt, type_id, vol_size):
qos = {}
scale_qos = {}
volume_type = volume_types.get_volume_type(ctxt, type_id)
qos_specs_id = volume_type.get('qos_specs_id')
specs = volume_type.get('extra_specs')
# NOTE(jdg): We prefer the qos_specs association
# and over-ride any existing
# extra-specs settings if present
if qos_specs_id is not None:
# Policy changes require admin context to get QoS specs
# at the object layer (base:get_by_id), we can either
# explicitly promote here, or pass in a context of None
# and let the qos_specs api get an admin context for us
# personally I prefer explicit, so here ya go.
admin_ctxt = context.get_admin_context()
kvs = qos_specs.get_qos_specs(admin_ctxt, qos_specs_id)['specs']
kvs = specs
for key, value in kvs.items():
if ':' in key:
fields = key.split(':')
key = fields[1]
if key in self.sf_qos_keys:
qos[key] = int(value)
if key in self.sf_scale_qos_keys:
scale_qos[key] = value
# look for the 'scaledIOPS' key and scale QoS if set
if 'scaledIOPS' in scale_qos:
for key, value in scale_qos.items():
if key == 'scaleMin':
qos['minIOPS'] = (qos['minIOPS'] +
(int(value) * (vol_size - 1)))
elif key == 'scaleMax':
qos['maxIOPS'] = (qos['maxIOPS'] +
(int(value) * (vol_size - 1)))
elif key == 'scaleBurst':
qos['burstIOPS'] = (qos['burstIOPS'] +
(int(value) * (vol_size - 1)))
# Cap the IOPS values at their limits
capped = False
for key, value in qos.items():
if value > self.sf_iops_lim_max[key]:
qos[key] = self.sf_iops_lim_max[key]
capped = True
if value < self.sf_iops_lim_min[key]:
qos[key] = self.sf_iops_lim_min[key]
capped = True
if capped:
LOG.debug("A SolidFire QoS value was capped at the defined limits")
# Check that minIOPS <= maxIOPS <= burstIOPS
if (qos.get('minIOPS', 0) > qos.get('maxIOPS', 0) or
qos.get('maxIOPS', 0) > qos.get('burstIOPS', 0)):
msg = (_("Scaled QoS error. Must be minIOPS <= maxIOPS <= "
"burstIOPS. Currently: Min: %(min)s, Max: "
"%(max)s, Burst: %(burst)s.") %
{"min": qos['minIOPS'],
"max": qos['maxIOPS'],
"burst": qos['burstIOPS']})
raise exception.InvalidQoSSpecs(reason=msg)
return qos
def _get_sf_volume(self, uuid, params=None, endpoint=None):
if params:
vols = [v for v in self._issue_api_request(
params)['result']['volumes'] if v['status'] == "active"]
vols = self._issue_api_request(
'ListActiveVolumes', params,
found_count = 0
sf_volref = None
for v in vols:
# NOTE(jdg): In the case of "name" we can't
# update that on manage/import, so we use
# the uuid attribute
meta = v.get('attributes')
alt_id = ''
if meta:
alt_id = meta.get('uuid', '')
if uuid in v['name'] or uuid in alt_id:
found_count += 1
sf_volref = v
LOG.debug("Mapped SolidFire volumeID %(volume_id)s "
"to cinder ID %(uuid)s.",
{'volume_id': v['volumeID'], 'uuid': uuid})
if found_count == 0:
# NOTE(jdg): Previously we would raise here, but there are cases
# where this might be a cleanup for a failed delete.
# Until we get better states we'll just log an error
LOG.error("Volume %s, not found on SF Cluster.", uuid)
if found_count > 1:
LOG.error("Found %(count)s volumes mapped to id: %(uuid)s.",
{'count': found_count,
'uuid': uuid})
raise DuplicateSfVolumeNames(vol_name=uuid)
return sf_volref
def _get_sf_snapshots(self, sf_volid=None):
params = {}
if sf_volid:
params = {'volumeID': sf_volid}
return self._issue_api_request(
'ListSnapshots', params, version='6.0')['result']['snapshots']
def _get_sfaccounts_for_tenant(self, cinder_project_id, endpoint=None):
accounts = self._issue_api_request(
'ListAccounts', {}, endpoint=endpoint)['result']['accounts']
# Note(jdg): On SF we map account-name to OpenStack's tenant ID
# we use tenantID in here to get secondaries that might exist
# Also: we expect this to be sorted, so we get the primary first
# in the list
return sorted([acc for acc in accounts if
cinder_project_id in acc['username']],
key=lambda k: k['accountID'])
def _get_all_active_volumes(self, cinder_uuid=None):
params = {}
volumes = self._issue_api_request('ListActiveVolumes',
if cinder_uuid:
vols = ([v for v in volumes if
cinder_uuid in])
vols = [v for v in volumes]
return vols
def _get_all_deleted_volumes(self, cinder_uuid=None):
params = {}
vols = self._issue_api_request('ListDeletedVolumes',
if cinder_uuid:
deleted_vols = ([v for v in vols if
cinder_uuid in v['name']])
deleted_vols = [v for v in vols]
return deleted_vols
def _get_account_create_availability(self, accounts, endpoint=None):
# we'll check both the primary and the secondary
# if it exists and return whichever one has count
# available.
for acc in accounts:
if len(self._get_volumes_for_account(
endpoint=endpoint)) < self.max_volumes_per_account:
return acc
if len(accounts) == 1:
sfaccount = self._create_sfaccount(accounts[0]['username'] + '_',
return sfaccount
return None
def _get_create_account(self, proj_id, endpoint=None):
# Retrieve SolidFire accountID to be used for creating volumes.
sf_accounts = self._get_sfaccounts_for_tenant(
proj_id, endpoint=endpoint)
if not sf_accounts:
sf_account_name = self._get_sf_account_name(proj_id)
sf_account = self._create_sfaccount(
sf_account_name, endpoint=endpoint)
# Check availability for creates
sf_account = self._get_account_create_availability(
sf_accounts, endpoint=endpoint)
if not sf_account:
msg = _('Volumes/account exceeded on both primary and '
'secondary SolidFire accounts.')
raise SolidFireDriverException(msg)
return sf_account
def _create_vag(self, iqn, vol_id=None):
"""Create a volume access group(vag).
Returns the vag_id.
vag_name = re.sub('[^0-9a-zA-Z]+', '-', iqn)
params = {'name': vag_name,
'initiators': [iqn],
'volumes': [vol_id],
'attributes': {'openstack': True}}
result = self._issue_api_request('CreateVolumeAccessGroup',
return result['result']['volumeAccessGroupID']
except SolidFireAPIException as error:
if xExceededLimit in error.msg:
if iqn in error.msg:
# Initiator double registered.
return self._safe_create_vag(iqn, vol_id)
# VAG limit reached. Purge and start over.
return self._safe_create_vag(iqn, vol_id)
def _safe_create_vag(self, iqn, vol_id=None):
# Potential race condition with simultaneous volume attaches to the
# same host. To help avoid this, VAG creation makes a best attempt at
# finding and using an existing VAG.
vags = self._get_vags_by_name(iqn)
if vags:
# Filter through the vags and find the one with matching initiator
vag = next((v for v in vags if iqn in v['initiators']), None)
if vag:
return vag['volumeAccessGroupID']
# No matches, use the first result, add initiator IQN.
vag_id = vags[0]['volumeAccessGroupID']
return self._add_initiator_to_vag(iqn, vag_id)
return self._create_vag(iqn, vol_id)
def _base_get_vags(self):
params = {}
vags = self._issue_api_request(
return vags
def _get_vags_by_name(self, iqn):
"""Retrieve SolidFire volume access group objects by name.
Returns an array of vags with a matching name value.
Returns an empty array if there are no matches.
vags = self._base_get_vags()
vag_name = re.sub('[^0-9a-zA-Z]+', '-', iqn)
matching_vags = [vag for vag in vags if vag['name'] == vag_name]
return matching_vags
def _get_vags_by_volume(self, vol_id):
params = {"volumeID": vol_id}
vags = self._issue_api_request(
return vags
def _add_initiator_to_vag(self, iqn, vag_id):
# Added a vag_id return as there is a chance that we might have to
# create a new VAG if our target VAG is deleted underneath us.
params = {"initiators": [iqn],
"volumeAccessGroupID": vag_id}
return vag_id
except SolidFireAPIException as error:
if xAlreadyInVolumeAccessGroup in error.msg:
return vag_id
elif xVolumeAccessGroupIDDoesNotExist in error.msg:
# No locking means sometimes a VAG can be removed by a parallel
# volume detach against the same host.
return self._safe_create_vag(iqn)
def _add_volume_to_vag(self, vol_id, iqn, vag_id):
# Added a vag_id return to be consistent with add_initiator_to_vag. It
# isn't necessary but may be helpful in the future.
params = {"volumeAccessGroupID": vag_id,
"volumes": [vol_id]}
return vag_id
except SolidFireAPIException as error:
if xAlreadyInVolumeAccessGroup in error.msg:
return vag_id
elif xVolumeAccessGroupIDDoesNotExist in error.msg:
return self._safe_create_vag(iqn, vol_id)
def _remove_volume_from_vag(self, vol_id, vag_id):
params = {"volumeAccessGroupID": vag_id,
"volumes": [vol_id]}
except SolidFireAPIException as error:
if xNotInVolumeAccessGroup in error.msg:
elif xVolumeAccessGroupIDDoesNotExist in error.msg:
def _remove_volume_from_vags(self, vol_id):
# Due to all sorts of uncertainty around multiattach, on volume
# deletion we make a best attempt at removing the vol_id from VAGs.
vags = self._get_vags_by_volume(vol_id)
for vag in vags:
self._remove_volume_from_vag(vol_id, vag['volumeAccessGroupID'])
def _remove_vag(self, vag_id):
params = {"volumeAccessGroupID": vag_id}
except SolidFireAPIException as error:
if xVolumeAccessGroupIDDoesNotExist not in error.msg:
def _purge_vags(self, limit=10):
# Purge up to limit number of VAGs that have no active volumes,
# initiators, and an OpenStack attribute. Purge oldest VAGs first.
vags = self._base_get_vags()
targets = [v for v in vags if v['volumes'] == [] and
v['initiators'] == [] and
v['deletedVolumes'] == [] and
sorted_targets = sorted(targets,
key=lambda k: k['volumeAccessGroupID'])
for vag in sorted_targets[:limit]:
def clone_image(self, context,
volume, image_location,
image_meta, image_service):
"""Clone an existing image volume."""
public = False
# NOTE(jdg): Glance V2 moved from is_public to visibility
# so we check both, as we don't necessarily know or want
# to care which we're using. Will need to look at
# future handling of things like shared and community
# but for now, it's owner or public and that's it
visibility = image_meta.get('visibility', None)
if visibility and visibility == 'public':
public = True
elif image_meta.get('is_public', False):
public = True
if image_meta['owner'] == volume['project_id']:
public = True
if not public:
LOG.warning("Requested image is not "
"accessible by current Tenant.")
return None, False
# If we don't have the image-volume to clone from return failure
# cinder driver will then create source for clone first
(data, sfaccount, model) = self._do_clone_volume(image_meta['id'],
except exception.VolumeNotFound:
return None, False
return model, True
# extended_size > 0 when we are extending a volume
def _retrieve_qos_setting(self, volume, extended_size=0):
qos = {}
if (self.configuration.sf_allow_tenant_qos and
volume.get('volume_metadata')is not None):
qos = self._set_qos_presets(volume)
ctxt = context.get_admin_context()
type_id = volume.get('volume_type_id', None)
if type_id is not None:
qos = self._set_qos_by_volume_type(ctxt, type_id,
extended_size if extended_size
> 0 else volume.get('size'))
return qos
def _get_default_volume_params(self, volume, is_clone=False):
sf_account = self._get_create_account(volume.project_id)
qos = self._retrieve_qos_setting(volume)
create_time = volume.created_at.isoformat()
attributes = {
'is_clone': is_clone,
'created_at': create_time,
'cinder-name': volume.get('display_name', "")
if volume.volume_type_id:
for attr in self._extract_sf_attributes_from_extra_specs(
for k, v in attr.items():
attributes[k] = v
vol_name = '%s%s' % (self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix,
params = {'name': vol_name,
'accountID': sf_account['accountID'],
'sliceCount': 1,
'totalSize': int(volume.size * units.Gi),
'enable512e': self.configuration.sf_emulate_512,
'attributes': attributes,
'qos': qos}
return params
def create_volume(self, volume):
"""Create volume on SolidFire device.
The account is where CHAP settings are derived from, volume is
created and exported. Note that the new volume is immediately ready
for use.
One caveat here is that an existing user account must be specified
in the API call to create a new volume. We use a set algorithm to
determine account info based on passed in cinder volume object. First
we check to see if the account already exists (and use it), or if it
does not already exist, we'll go ahead and create it.
sf_account = self._get_create_account(volume['project_id'])
params = self._get_default_volume_params(volume)
# NOTE(jdg): Check if we're a migration tgt, if so
# use the old volume-id here for the SF Name
migration_status = volume.get('migration_status', None)
if migration_status and 'target' in migration_status:
k, v = migration_status.split(':')
vname = '%s%s' % (self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix, v)
params['name'] = vname
params['attributes']['migration_uuid'] = volume['id']
params['attributes']['uuid'] = v
model_update = self._do_volume_create(sf_account, params)
rep_settings = self._retrieve_replication_settings(volume)
if self.replication_enabled and rep_settings:
volume['volumeID'] = (
rep_updates = self._replicate_volume(volume, params,
sf_account, rep_settings)
if rep_updates:
except SolidFireAPIException:
# NOTE(jdg): Something went wrong after the source create, due to
# the way TFLOW works and it's insistence on retrying the same
# command over and over coupled with the fact that the introduction
# of objects now sets host to None on failures we'll end up with an
# orphaned volume on the backend for every one of these segments
# that fail, for n-retries. Sad Sad Panda!! We'll just do it
# ourselves until we can get a general fix in Cinder further up the
# line
with excutils.save_and_reraise_exception():
sf_volid = int(model_update['provider_id'].split()[0])
self._issue_api_request('DeleteVolume', {'volumeID': sf_volid})
{'volumeID': sf_volid})
return model_update
def _retrieve_replication_settings(self, volume):
rep_data = "Async"
ctxt = context.get_admin_context()
type_id = volume.get('volume_type_id', None)
if type_id is not None:
rep_data = self._set_rep_by_volume_type(ctxt, type_id)
return rep_data
def _set_rep_by_volume_type(self, ctxt, type_id):
rep_modes = ['Async', 'Sync', 'SnapshotsOnly']
rep_opts = {}
type_ref = volume_types.get_volume_type(ctxt, type_id)
specs = type_ref.get('extra_specs')
if specs.get('replication_enabled', "") == "<is> True":
if specs.get('solidfire:replication_mode') in rep_modes:
rep_opts['rep_type'] = specs.get('solidfire:replication_mode')
rep_opts['rep_type'] = 'Async'
return rep_opts
def _replicate_volume(self, volume, params,
parent_sfaccount, rep_info):
updates = {}
rep_success_status = fields.ReplicationStatus.ENABLED
# NOTE(erlon): Right now we only support 1 remote target so, we always
# get cluster_pairs[0]
tgt_endpoint = self.cluster_pairs[0]['endpoint']
LOG.debug("Replicating volume on remote cluster: %(tgt)s\n params: "
"%(params)s", {'tgt': tgt_endpoint, 'params': params})
params['username'] = self._get_sf_account_name(volume['project_id'])
params['initiatorSecret'] = parent_sfaccount['initiatorSecret']
params['targetSecret'] = parent_sfaccount['targetSecret']
except SolidFireAPIException as ex:
if 'xDuplicateUsername' not in ex.msg:
remote_account = (
# Create the volume on the remote cluster w/same params as original
params['accountID'] = remote_account['accountID']
LOG.debug("Create remote volume on: %(endpoint)s with account: "
{'endpoint': tgt_endpoint['url'], 'account': remote_account})
model_update = self._do_volume_create(
remote_account, params, endpoint=tgt_endpoint)
tgt_sfid = int(model_update['provider_id'].split()[0])
params = {'volumeID': tgt_sfid, 'access': 'replicationTarget'}
# NOTE(erlon): For some reason the SF cluster randomly fail the
# replication of volumes. The generated keys are deemed invalid by the
# target backend. When that happens, we re-start the volume pairing
# process.
@retry(SolidFireReplicationPairingError, tries=6)
def _pair_volumes():
# Enable volume pairing
LOG.debug("Start volume pairing on volume ID: %s",
# Make sure we split any pair the volume have
params = {'volumeID': volume['volumeID'],
'mode': rep_info['rep_type']}
self._issue_api_request('RemoveVolumePair', params, '8.0')
rep_key = self._issue_api_request(
'StartVolumePairing', params,
params = {'volumeID': tgt_sfid,
'volumePairingKey': rep_key}
LOG.debug("Sending issue CompleteVolumePairing request on remote: "
"%(endpoint)s, %(parameters)s",
{'endpoint': tgt_endpoint['url'], 'parameters': params})
except SolidFireAPIException:
with excutils.save_and_reraise_exception():
params = {'volumeID': tgt_sfid}
LOG.debug("Error pairing volume on remote cluster. Rolling "
"back and deleting volume %(vol)s at cluster "
{'vol': tgt_sfid, 'cluster': tgt_endpoint})
self._issue_api_request('DeleteVolume', params,
self._issue_api_request('PurgeDeletedVolume', params,
updates['replication_status'] = rep_success_status
LOG.debug("Completed volume pairing.")
return updates
def _disable_replication(self, volume):
updates = {}
tgt_endpoint = self.cluster_pairs[0]['endpoint']
sfvol = self._get_sfvol_by_cinder_vref(volume)
if len(sfvol['volumePairs']) != 1:
LOG.warning("Trying to disable replication on volume %s but "
"volume does not have pairs.",
updates['replication_status'] = fields.ReplicationStatus.DISABLED
return updates
params = {'volumeID': sfvol['volumeID']}
self._issue_api_request('RemoveVolumePair', params, '8.0')
remote_sfid = sfvol['volumePairs'][0]['remoteVolumeID']
params = {'volumeID': remote_sfid}
params, '8.0', endpoint=tgt_endpoint)
self._issue_api_request('DeleteVolume', params,
self._issue_api_request('PurgeDeletedVolume', params,
updates['replication_status'] = fields.ReplicationStatus.DISABLED
return updates
def create_cloned_volume(self, volume, source):
"""Create a clone of an existing volume."""
(_data, _sfaccount, model) = self._do_clone_volume(
return model
def delete_volume(self, volume):
"""Delete SolidFire Volume from device.
SolidFire allows multiple volumes with same name,
volumeID is what's guaranteed unique.
sf_vol = self._get_sfvol_by_cinder_vref(volume)
if sf_vol is not None:
for vp in sf_vol.get('volumePairs', []):
LOG.debug("Deleting paired volume on remote cluster...")
pair_id = vp['clusterPairID']
for cluster in self.cluster_pairs:
if cluster['clusterPairID'] == pair_id:
params = {'volumeID': vp['remoteVolumeID']}
LOG.debug("Issue Delete request on cluster: "
"%(remote)s with params: %(parameters)s",
{'remote': cluster['endpoint']['url'],
'parameters': params})
self._issue_api_request('DeleteVolume', params,
self._issue_api_request('PurgeDeletedVolume', params,
# The multiattach volumes are only removed from the VAG on
# deletion.
if volume.get('multiattach'):
if sf_vol['status'] == 'active':
params = {'volumeID': sf_vol['volumeID']}
self._issue_api_request('DeleteVolume', params)
self._issue_api_request('PurgeDeletedVolume', params)
LOG.error("Volume ID %s was not found on "
"the SolidFire Cluster while attempting "
"delete_volume operation!", volume['id'])
def delete_snapshot(self, snapshot):
"""Delete the specified snapshot from the SolidFire cluster."""
sf_snap_name = '%s%s' % (self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix,
accounts = self._get_sfaccounts_for_tenant(snapshot['project_id'])
snap = None
for acct in accounts:
params = {'accountID': acct['accountID']}
sf_vol = self._get_sf_volume(snapshot['volume_id'], params)
if sf_vol:
sf_snaps = self._get_sf_snapshots(sf_vol['volumeID'])
snap = next((s for s in sf_snaps if s["name"] == sf_snap_name),
if snap:
params = {'snapshotID': snap['snapshotID']}
"Snapshot %s not found, old style clones may not be deleted.",
def create_snapshot(self, snapshot):
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount(snapshot['project_id'])
if sfaccount is None:
LOG.error("Account for Volume ID %s was not found on "
"the SolidFire Cluster while attempting "
"create_snapshot operation!", snapshot['volume_id'])
params = {'accountID': sfaccount['accountID']}
sf_vol = self._get_sf_volume(snapshot['volume_id'], params)
if sf_vol is None:
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=snapshot['volume_id'])
params = {'volumeID': sf_vol['volumeID'],
'name': '%s%s' % (self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix,
rep_settings = self._retrieve_replication_settings(snapshot.volume)
if self.replication_enabled and rep_settings:
params['enableRemoteReplication'] = True
return self._do_snapshot_create(params)
def create_volume_from_snapshot(self, volume, source):
"""Create a volume from the specified snapshot."""
if source.get('group_snapshot_id'):
# We're creating a volume from a snapshot that resulted from a
# consistency group snapshot. Because of the way that SolidFire
# creates cgsnaps, we have to search for the correct snapshot.
group_snapshot_id = source.get('group_snapshot_id')
snapshot_id = source.get('volume_id')
sf_name = self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix + group_snapshot_id
sf_group_snap = self._get_group_snapshot_by_name(sf_name)
return self._create_clone_from_sf_snapshot(snapshot_id,
(_data, _sfaccount, model) = self._do_clone_volume(
return model
# Consistency group helpers
def _sf_create_group_snapshot(self, name, sf_volumes):
# Group snapshot is our version of a consistency group snapshot.
vol_ids = [vol['volumeID'] for vol in sf_volumes]
params = {'name': name,
'volumes': vol_ids}
snapshot_id = self._issue_api_request('CreateGroupSnapshot',
return snapshot_id['result']
def _group_snapshot_creator(self, gsnap_name, src_vol_ids):
# Common helper that takes in an array of OpenStack Volume UUIDs and
# creates a SolidFire group snapshot with them.
vol_names = [self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix + vol_id
for vol_id in src_vol_ids]
active_sf_vols = self._get_all_active_volumes()
target_vols = [vol for vol in active_sf_vols
if vol['name'] in vol_names]
if len(src_vol_ids) != len(target_vols):
msg = (_("Retrieved a different amount of SolidFire volumes for "
"the provided Cinder volumes. Retrieved: %(ret)s "
"Desired: %(des)s") % {"ret": len(target_vols),
"des": len(src_vol_ids)})
raise SolidFireDriverException(msg)
result = self._sf_create_group_snapshot(gsnap_name, target_vols)
return result
def _create_temp_group_snapshot(self, source_cg, source_vols):
# Take a temporary snapshot to create the volumes for a new
# consistency group.
gsnap_name = ("%(prefix)s%(id)s-tmp" %
{"prefix": self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix,
"id": source_cg['id']})
vol_ids = [vol['id'] for vol in source_vols]
self._group_snapshot_creator(gsnap_name, vol_ids)
return gsnap_name
def _list_group_snapshots(self):
result = self._issue_api_request('ListGroupSnapshots',
return result['result']['groupSnapshots']
def _get_group_snapshot_by_name(self, name):
target_snaps = self._list_group_snapshots()
target = next((snap for snap in target_snaps
if snap['name'] == name), None)
return target
def _delete_group_snapshot(self, gsnapid):
params = {'groupSnapshotID': gsnapid}
def _delete_cgsnapshot_by_name(self, snap_name):
# Common function used to find and delete a snapshot.
target = self._get_group_snapshot_by_name(snap_name)
if not target:
msg = _("Failed to find group snapshot named: %s") % snap_name
raise SolidFireDriverException(msg)
def _find_linked_snapshot(self, target_uuid, group_snap):
# Because group snapshots name each individual snapshot the group
# snapshot name, we have to trawl through the SolidFire snapshots to
# find the SolidFire snapshot from the group that is linked with the
# SolidFire volumeID that is linked to the Cinder snapshot source
# volume.
source_vol = self._get_sf_volume(target_uuid)
target_snap = next((sn for sn in group_snap['members']
if sn['volumeID'] == source_vol['volumeID']), None)
return target_snap
def _create_clone_from_sf_snapshot(self, target_uuid, src_uuid,
sf_group_snap, vol):
# Find the correct SolidFire backing snapshot.
sf_src_snap = self._find_linked_snapshot(target_uuid,
_data, _sfaccount, model = self._do_clone_volume(src_uuid,
model['id'] = vol['id']
model['status'] = 'available'
return model
def _map_sf_volumes(self, cinder_volumes, endpoint=None):
"""Get a list of SolidFire volumes.
Creates a list of SolidFire volumes based
on matching a list of cinder volume ID's,
also adds an 'cinder_id' key to match cinder.
vols = self._issue_api_request(
'ListActiveVolumes', {},
# FIXME(erlon): When we fetch only for the volume name, we miss
# volumes that where brought to Cinder via cinder-manage.
vlist = (
[sfvol for sfvol in vols for cv in cinder_volumes if cv['id'] in
for v in vlist:
v['cinder_id'] = v['name'].split(
return vlist
# Generic Volume Groups.
def create_group(self, ctxt, group):
# SolidFire does not have the concept of volume groups. We're going to
# play along with the group song and dance. There will be a lot of
# no-ops because of this.
if volume_utils.is_group_a_cg_snapshot_type(group):
return {'status': fields.GroupStatus.AVAILABLE}
# Blatantly ripping off this pattern from other drivers.
raise NotImplementedError()
def create_group_from_src(self, ctxt, group, volumes, group_snapshots=None,
snapshots=None, source_group=None,
# At this point this is just a pass-through.
if volume_utils.is_group_a_cg_snapshot_type(group):
return self._create_consistencygroup_from_src(
# Default implementation handles other scenarios.
raise NotImplementedError()
def create_group_snapshot(self, ctxt, group_snapshot, snapshots):
# This is a pass-through to the old consistency group stuff.
if volume_utils.is_group_a_cg_snapshot_type(group_snapshot):
return self._create_cgsnapshot(ctxt, group_snapshot, snapshots)
# Default implementation handles other scenarios.
raise NotImplementedError()
def delete_group(self, ctxt, group, volumes):
# Delete a volume group. SolidFire does not track volume groups,
# however we do need to actually remove the member volumes of the
# group. Right now only consistent volume groups are supported.
if volume_utils.is_group_a_cg_snapshot_type(group):
return self._delete_consistencygroup(ctxt, group, volumes)
# Default implementation handles other scenarios.
raise NotImplementedError()
def update_group(self, ctxt, group, add_volumes=None, remove_volumes=None):
# Regarding consistency groups SolidFire does not track volumes, so
# this is a no-op. In the future with replicated volume groups this
# might actually do something.
if volume_utils.is_group_a_cg_snapshot_type(group):
return self._update_consistencygroup(ctxt,
# Default implementation handles other scenarios.
raise NotImplementedError()
def _create_consistencygroup_from_src(self, ctxt, group, volumes,
cgsnapshot, snapshots,
source_cg, source_vols):
if cgsnapshot and snapshots:
sf_name = self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix + cgsnapshot['id']
sf_group_snap = self._get_group_snapshot_by_name(sf_name)
# Go about creating volumes from provided snaps.
vol_models = []
for vol, snap in zip(volumes, snapshots):
return ({'status': fields.GroupStatus.AVAILABLE},
elif source_cg and source_vols:
# Create temporary group snapshot.
gsnap_name = self._create_temp_group_snapshot(source_cg,
sf_group_snap = self._get_group_snapshot_by_name(gsnap_name)
# For each temporary snapshot clone the volume.
vol_models = []
for vol in volumes:
return {'status': fields.GroupStatus.AVAILABLE}, vol_models
def _create_cgsnapshot(self, ctxt, cgsnapshot, snapshots):
vol_ids = [snapshot['volume_id'] for snapshot in snapshots]
vol_names = [self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix + vol_id
for vol_id in vol_ids]
active_sf_vols = self._get_all_active_volumes()
target_vols = [vol for vol in active_sf_vols
if vol['name'] in vol_names]
if len(snapshots) != len(target_vols):
msg = (_("Retrieved a different amount of SolidFire volumes for "
"the provided Cinder snapshots. Retrieved: %(ret)s "
"Desired: %(des)s") % {"ret": len(target_vols),
"des": len(snapshots)})
raise SolidFireDriverException(msg)
snap_name = self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix + cgsnapshot['id']
self._sf_create_group_snapshot(snap_name, target_vols)
return None, None
def _update_consistencygroup(self, context, group,
add_volumes=None, remove_volumes=None):
# Similar to create_consistencygroup, SolidFire's lack of a consistency
# group object means there is nothing to update on the cluster.
return None, None, None
def _delete_cgsnapshot(self, ctxt, cgsnapshot, snapshots):
snap_name = self.configuration.sf_volume_prefix + cgsnapshot['id']
return None, None
def delete_group_snapshot(self, context, group_snapshot, snapshots):
if volume_utils.is_group_a_cg_snapshot_type(group_snapshot):
return self._delete_cgsnapshot(context, group_snapshot, snapshots)
# Default implementation handles other scenarios.
raise NotImplementedError()
def _delete_consistencygroup(self, ctxt, group, volumes):
# TODO(chris_morrell): exception handling and return correctly updated
# volume_models.
for vol in volumes:
return None, None
def get_volume_stats(self, refresh=False):
"""Get volume status.
If 'refresh' is True, run update first.
The name is a bit misleading as
the majority of the data here is cluster
if refresh:
except SolidFireAPIException:
LOG.debug("SolidFire cluster_stats: %s", self.cluster_stats)
return self.cluster_stats
def extend_volume(self, volume, new_size):
"""Extend an existing volume."""
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount(volume['project_id'])
params = {'accountID': sfaccount['accountID']}
sf_vol = self._get_sf_volume(volume['id'], params)
if sf_vol is None:
LOG.error("Volume ID %s was not found on "
"the SolidFire Cluster while attempting "
"extend_volume operation!", volume['id'])
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=volume['id'])
qos = self._retrieve_qos_setting(volume, new_size)
params = {
'volumeID': sf_vol['volumeID'],
'totalSize': int(new_size * units.Gi),
'qos': qos
params, version='5.0')
rep_settings = self._retrieve_replication_settings(volume)
if self.replication_enabled and rep_settings:
if len(sf_vol['volumePairs']) != 1:
LOG.error("Can't find remote pair while extending the "
"volume or multiple replication pairs found!")
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=volume['id'])
tgt_endpoint = self.cluster_pairs[0]['endpoint']
target_vol_id = sf_vol['volumePairs'][0]['remoteVolumeID']
params2 = params.copy()
params2['volumeID'] = target_vol_id
params2, version='5.0',
def _get_provisioned_capacity_iops(self):
response = self._issue_api_request('ListVolumes', {}, version='8.0')
volumes = response['result']['volumes']
LOG.debug("%s volumes present in cluster", len(volumes))
provisioned_cap = 0
provisioned_iops = 0
for vol in volumes:
provisioned_cap += vol['totalSize']
provisioned_iops += vol['qos']['minIOPS']
return provisioned_cap, provisioned_iops
def _update_cluster_status(self):
"""Retrieve status info for the Cluster."""
params = {}
data = {}
backend_name = self.configuration.safe_get('volume_backend_name')
data["volume_backend_name"] = backend_name or self.__class__.__name__
data["vendor_name"] = 'SolidFire Inc'
data["driver_version"] = self.VERSION
data["storage_protocol"] = 'iSCSI'
data['consistencygroup_support'] = True
data['consistent_group_snapshot_enabled'] = True
data['replication_enabled'] = self.replication_enabled
if self.replication_enabled:
data['replication'] = 'enabled'
data['active_cluster_mvip'] = self.active_cluster['mvip']
data['reserved_percentage'] = self.configuration.reserved_percentage
data['QoS_support'] = True
data['multiattach'] = True
results = self._issue_api_request('GetClusterCapacity', params,
except SolidFireAPIException:
data['total_capacity_gb'] = 0
data['free_capacity_gb'] = 0
self.cluster_stats = data
results = results['result']['clusterCapacity']
prov_cap, prov_iops = self._get_provisioned_capacity_iops()
if self.configuration.sf_provisioning_calc == 'usedSpace':
free_capacity = (
results['maxUsedSpace'] - results['usedSpace'])
data['total_capacity_gb'] = results['maxUsedSpace'] / units.Gi
data['thin_provisioning_support'] = True
data['provisioned_capacity_gb'] = prov_cap / units.Gi
data['max_over_subscription_ratio'] = (
free_capacity = (
results['maxProvisionedSpace'] - results['usedSpace'])
data['total_capacity_gb'] = (
results['maxProvisionedSpace'] / units.Gi)
data['free_capacity_gb'] = float(free_capacity / units.Gi)
if (results['uniqueBlocksUsedSpace'] == 0 or
results['uniqueBlocks'] == 0 or
results['zeroBlocks'] == 0):
data['compression_percent'] = 100
data['deduplicaton_percent'] = 100
data['thin_provision_percent'] = 100
data['compression_percent'] = (
(float(results['uniqueBlocks'] * 4096) /
results['uniqueBlocksUsedSpace']) * 100)
data['deduplicaton_percent'] = (
float(results['nonZeroBlocks'] /
results['uniqueBlocks']) * 100)
data['thin_provision_percent'] = (
(float(results['nonZeroBlocks'] + results['zeroBlocks']) /
results['nonZeroBlocks']) * 100)
data['provisioned_iops'] = prov_iops
data['current_iops'] = results['currentIOPS']
data['average_iops'] = results['averageIOPS']
data['max_iops'] = results['maxIOPS']
data['peak_iops'] = results['peakIOPS']
data['shared_targets'] = False
self.cluster_stats = data
def initialize_connection(self, volume, connector):
"""Initialize the connection and return connection info.
Optionally checks and utilizes volume access groups.
properties = self._sf_initialize_connection(volume, connector)
properties['data']['discard'] = True
return properties
def attach_volume(self, context, volume,
instance_uuid, host_name,
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount(volume['project_id'])
params = {'accountID': sfaccount['accountID']}
# In a retype of an attached volume scenario, the volume id will be
# as a target on 'migration_status', otherwise it'd be None.
migration_status = volume.get('migration_status')
if migration_status and 'target' in migration_status:
__, vol_id = migration_status.split(':')
vol_id = volume['id']
sf_vol = self._get_sf_volume(vol_id, params)
if sf_vol is None:
LOG.error("Volume ID %s was not found on "
"the SolidFire Cluster while attempting "
"attach_volume operation!", volume['id'])
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=volume['id'])
attributes = sf_vol['attributes']
attributes['attach_time'] = volume.get('attach_time', None)
attributes['attached_to'] = instance_uuid
params = {
'volumeID': sf_vol['volumeID'],
'attributes': attributes
self._issue_api_request('ModifyVolume', params)
def terminate_connection(self, volume, properties, force):
return self._sf_terminate_connection(volume,
def detach_volume(self, context, volume, attachment=None):
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount(volume['project_id'])
params = {'accountID': sfaccount['accountID']}
sf_vol = self._get_sf_volume(volume['id'], params)
if sf_vol is None:
LOG.error("Volume ID %s was not found on "
"the SolidFire Cluster while attempting "
"detach_volume operation!", volume['id'])
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=volume['id'])
attributes = sf_vol['attributes']
attributes['attach_time'] = None
attributes['attached_to'] = None
params = {
'volumeID': sf_vol['volumeID'],
'attributes': attributes
self._issue_api_request('ModifyVolume', params)
def accept_transfer(self, context, volume,
new_user, new_project):
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount(volume['project_id'])
params = {'accountID': sfaccount['accountID']}
sf_vol = self._get_sf_volume(volume['id'], params)
if sf_vol is None:
LOG.error("Volume ID %s was not found on "
"the SolidFire Cluster while attempting "
"accept_transfer operation!", volume['id'])
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=volume['id'])
if new_project != volume['project_id']:
# do a create_sfaccount here as this tenant
# may not exist on the cluster yet
sfaccount = self._get_create_account(new_project)
params = {
'volumeID': sf_vol['volumeID'],
'accountID': sfaccount['accountID']
params, version='5.0')
volume['project_id'] = new_project
volume['user_id'] = new_user
return self.target_driver.ensure_export(context, volume, None)
def retype(self, ctxt, volume, new_type, diff, host):
"""Convert the volume to be of the new type.
Returns a boolean indicating whether the retype occurred and a dict
with the updates on the volume.
:param ctxt: Context
:param volume: A dictionary describing the volume to migrate
:param new_type: A dictionary describing the volume type to convert to
:param diff: A dictionary with the difference between the two types
:param host: A dictionary describing the host to migrate to, where
host['host'] is its name, and host['capabilities'] is a
dictionary of its reported capabilities (Not Used).
model_update = {}
LOG.debug("Retyping volume %(vol)s to new type %(type)s",
{'vol':, 'type': new_type})
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount(volume['project_id'])
params = {'accountID': sfaccount['accountID']}
sf_vol = self._get_sf_volume(volume['id'], params)
if sf_vol is None:
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=volume['id'])
if self.replication_enabled:
ctxt = context.get_admin_context()
src_rep_type = self._set_rep_by_volume_type(
ctxt, volume.volume_type_id)
dst_rep_type = self._set_rep_by_volume_type(ctxt, new_type['id'])
if src_rep_type != dst_rep_type:
if dst_rep_type:
rep_settings = self._retrieve_replication_settings(volume)
rep_params = self._get_default_volume_params(volume)
volume['volumeID'] = (
rep_updates = self._replicate_volume(volume, rep_params,
rep_updates = self._disable_replication(volume)
if rep_updates:
attributes = sf_vol['attributes']
attributes['retyped_at'] = timeutils.utcnow().isoformat()
params = {'volumeID': sf_vol['volumeID'], 'attributes': attributes}
qos = self._set_qos_by_volume_type(ctxt, new_type['id'],
if qos:
params['qos'] = qos
self._issue_api_request('ModifyVolume', params)
return True, model_update
def manage_existing(self, volume, external_ref):
"""Manages an existing SolidFire Volume (import to Cinder).
Renames the Volume to match the expected name for the volume.
Also need to consider things like QoS, Emulation, account/tenant and
replication settings.
sfid = external_ref.get('source-id', None)
sfname = external_ref.get('name', None)
LOG.debug("Managing volume %(id)s to ref %(ref)s",
{'id':, 'ref': external_ref})
if sfid is None:
raise SolidFireAPIException(_("Manage existing volume "
"requires 'source-id'."))
# First get the volume on the SF cluster (MUST be active)
params = {'startVolumeID': sfid,
'limit': 1}
vols = self._issue_api_request(
'ListActiveVolumes', params)['result']['volumes']
sf_ref = vols[0]
sfaccount = self._get_create_account(volume['project_id'])
import_time = volume['created_at'].isoformat()
attributes = {'uuid': volume['id'],
'is_clone': 'False',
'os_imported_at': import_time,
'old_name': sfname}
params = self._get_default_volume_params(volume)
params['volumeID'] = sf_ref['volumeID']
params['attributes'] = attributes
params, version='5.0')
rep_updates = {}
rep_settings = self._retrieve_replication_settings(volume)
if self.replication_enabled and rep_settings:
if len(sf_ref['volumePairs']) != 0:
msg = _("Not possible to manage a volume with "
"replicated pair! Please split the volume pairs.")
raise SolidFireDriverException(msg)
params = self._get_default_volume_params(volume)
params['volumeID'] = sf_ref['volumeID']
volume['volumeID'] = sf_ref['volumeID']
params['totalSize'] = sf_ref['totalSize']
rep_updates = self._replicate_volume(
volume, params, sfaccount, rep_settings)
except Exception:
with excutils.save_and_reraise_exception():
# When the replication fails in mid process, we need to
# set the volume properties the way it was before.
LOG.error("Error trying to replicate volume %s",
params = {'volumeID': sf_ref['volumeID']}
params['attributes'] = sf_ref['attributes']
params, version='5.0')
model_update = self._get_model_info(sfaccount, sf_ref['volumeID'])
return model_update
def manage_existing_get_size(self, volume, external_ref):
"""Return size of an existing LV for manage_existing.
existing_ref is a dictionary of the form:
{'name': <name of existing volume on SF Cluster>}
sfid = external_ref.get('source-id', None)
if sfid is None:
raise SolidFireAPIException(_("Manage existing get size "
"requires 'id'."))
params = {'startVolumeID': int(sfid),
'limit': 1}
vols = self._issue_api_request(
'ListActiveVolumes', params)['result']['volumes']
if len(vols) != 1:
msg = _("Provided volume id does not exist on SolidFire backend.")
raise SolidFireDriverException(msg)
return int(math.ceil(float(vols[0]['totalSize']) / units.Gi))
def unmanage(self, volume):
"""Mark SolidFire Volume as unmanaged (export from Cinder)."""
sfaccount = self._get_sfaccount(volume['project_id'])
if sfaccount is None:
LOG.error("Account for Volume ID %s was not found on "
"the SolidFire Cluster while attempting "
"unmanage operation!", volume['id'])
raise SolidFireAPIException(_("Failed to find account "
"for volume."))
params = {'accountID': sfaccount['accountID']}
sf_vol = self._get_sf_volume(volume['id'], params)
if sf_vol is None:
raise exception.VolumeNotFound(volume_id=volume['id'])
export_time = timeutils.utcnow().isoformat()
attributes = sf_vol['attributes']
attributes['os_exported_at'] = export_time
params = {'volumeID': int(sf_vol['volumeID']),
'attributes': attributes}
params, version='5.0')
def _failover_volume(self, tgt_vol, tgt_cluster, src_vol=None):
"""Modify remote volume to R/W mode."""
if src_vol:
# Put the src in tgt mode assuming it's still available
# catch the exception if the cluster isn't available and
# continue on
params = {'volumeID': src_vol['volumeID'],
'access': 'replicationTarget'}