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deb-python-monotonic/monotonic.py

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6.9 KiB

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
monotonic
~~~~~~~~~
This module provides a ``monotonic()`` function which returns the
value (in fractional seconds) of a clock which never goes backwards.
On Python 3.3 or newer, ``monotonic`` will be an alias of
``time.monotonic`` from the standard library. On older versions,
it will fall back to an equivalent implementation:
+-------------+----------------------------------------+
| Linux, BSD | ``clock_gettime(3)`` |
+-------------+----------------------------------------+
| Windows | ``GetTickCount`` or ``GetTickCount64`` |
+-------------+----------------------------------------+
| OS X | ``mach_absolute_time`` |
+-------------+----------------------------------------+
If no suitable implementation exists for the current platform,
attempting to import this module (or to import from it) will
cause a ``RuntimeError`` exception to be raised.
Copyright 2014, 2015, 2016 Ori Livneh <ori@wikimedia.org>
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
"""
import ctypes
import ctypes.util
import os
import sys
import threading
import time
__all__ = ('monotonic',)
try:
monotonic = time.monotonic
except AttributeError:
try:
if sys.platform == 'darwin': # OS X, iOS
# See Technical Q&A QA1398 of the Mac Developer Library:
# <https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/qa/qa1398/>
libc = ctypes.CDLL('/usr/lib/libc.dylib', use_errno=True)
class mach_timebase_info_data_t(ctypes.Structure):
"""System timebase info. Defined in <mach/mach_time.h>."""
_fields_ = (('numer', ctypes.c_uint32),
('denom', ctypes.c_uint32))
mach_absolute_time = libc.mach_absolute_time
mach_absolute_time.restype = ctypes.c_uint64
timebase = mach_timebase_info_data_t()
libc.mach_timebase_info(ctypes.byref(timebase))
ticks_per_second = timebase.numer / timebase.denom * 1.0e9
def monotonic():
"""Monotonic clock, cannot go backward."""
return mach_absolute_time() / ticks_per_second
elif sys.platform.startswith('win32') or sys.platform.startswith('cygwin'):
if sys.platform.startswith('cygwin'):
# Note: cygwin implements clock_gettime (CLOCK_MONOTONIC = 4) since
# version 1.7.6. Using raw WinAPI for maximum version compatibility.
# Ugly hack using the wrong calling convention (in 32-bit mode)
# because ctypes has no windll under cygwin (and it also seems that
# the code letting you select stdcall in _ctypes doesn't exist under
# the preprocessor definitions relevant to cygwin).
# This is 'safe' because:
# 1. The ABI of GetTickCount and GetTickCount64 is identical for
# both calling conventions because they both have no parameters.
# 2. libffi masks the problem because after making the call it doesn't
# touch anything through esp and epilogue code restores a correct
# esp from ebp afterwards.
try:
kernel32 = ctypes.cdll.kernel32
except OSError: # 'No such file or directory'
kernel32 = ctypes.cdll.LoadLibrary('kernel32.dll')
else:
kernel32 = ctypes.windll.kernel32
GetTickCount64 = getattr(kernel32, 'GetTickCount64', None)
if GetTickCount64:
# Windows Vista / Windows Server 2008 or newer.
GetTickCount64.restype = ctypes.c_ulonglong
def monotonic():
"""Monotonic clock, cannot go backward."""
return GetTickCount64() / 1000.0
else:
# Before Windows Vista.
GetTickCount = kernel32.GetTickCount
GetTickCount.restype = ctypes.c_uint32
get_tick_count_lock = threading.Lock()
get_tick_count_last_sample = 0
get_tick_count_wraparounds = 0
def monotonic():
"""Monotonic clock, cannot go backward."""
global get_tick_count_last_sample
global get_tick_count_wraparounds
with get_tick_count_lock:
current_sample = GetTickCount()
if current_sample < get_tick_count_last_sample:
get_tick_count_wraparounds += 1
get_tick_count_last_sample = current_sample
final_milliseconds = get_tick_count_wraparounds << 32
final_milliseconds += get_tick_count_last_sample
return final_milliseconds / 1000.0
else:
try:
clock_gettime = ctypes.CDLL(ctypes.util.find_library('c'),
use_errno=True).clock_gettime
except AttributeError:
clock_gettime = ctypes.CDLL(ctypes.util.find_library('rt'),
use_errno=True).clock_gettime
class timespec(ctypes.Structure):
"""Time specification, as described in clock_gettime(3)."""
_fields_ = (('tv_sec', ctypes.c_long),
('tv_nsec', ctypes.c_long))
if sys.platform.startswith('linux'):
CLOCK_MONOTONIC = 1
elif sys.platform.startswith('freebsd'):
CLOCK_MONOTONIC = 4
elif sys.platform.startswith('sunos5'):
CLOCK_MONOTONIC = 4
elif 'bsd' in sys.platform:
CLOCK_MONOTONIC = 3
elif sys.platform.startswith('aix'):
CLOCK_MONOTONIC = ctypes.c_longlong(10)
def monotonic():
"""Monotonic clock, cannot go backward."""
ts = timespec()
if clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, ctypes.pointer(ts)):
errno = ctypes.get_errno()
raise OSError(errno, os.strerror(errno))
return ts.tv_sec + ts.tv_nsec / 1.0e9
# Perform a sanity-check.
if monotonic() - monotonic() > 0:
raise ValueError('monotonic() is not monotonic!')
except Exception:
raise RuntimeError('no suitable implementation for this system')