OpenStack Orchestration (Heat)
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heat/doc/source/developing_guides/supportstatus.rst

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Heat Support Status usage Guide

Heat allows to use for each resource, property, attribute special option named support_status, which describes current state of object: current status, since what time this status is actual, any additional information about object's state. This guide describes a detailed state life cycle of resources, properties and attributes.

Support Status option and its parameters

Support status of object may be specified by using class SupportStatus, which has follow options:

status:
Current status of object. Allowed values:
  • SUPPORTED. Default value of status parameter. All objects with this status are available and can be used.
  • DEPRECATED. Object with this status is available, but using it in code or templates is undesirable. As usual, can be reference in message to new object, which can be used instead of deprecated resource.
  • HIDDEN. The last step in the deprecation process. Old stacks containing resources in this status will continue functioning. Certain functionality is disabled for resources in this status (resource-type-list, resource-type-show, and resource-type-template). Resources in HIDDEN status are not included in the documentation. A known limitation is that new stacks can be created with HIDDEN resources. See below for more details about the removal and deprecation process.
  • UNSUPPORTED. Resources with UNSUPPORTED status are not supported by Heat team, i.e. user can use it, but it may be broken.
substitute_class:

Assign substitute class for object. If replacing the object with new object which inherited (or extended) from the substitute class will transfer the object to new class type gracefully (without calling update replace).

version:

Release name, since which current status is active. Parameter is optional, but should be defined or changed any time SupportStatus is specified or status changed. It used for better understanding from which release object in current status. .. note:

Since Liberty release mark looks like 5.0.0 instead of 2015.2.
message:

Any additional information about object's state, e.g. 'Use property new_property instead.'.

previous_status:

Option, which allows to display object's previous status, if any. This is helpful for displaying full life cycle of object. Type of previous_status is SupportStatus.

Life cycle of resource, property, attribute

This section describes life cycle of such objects as resource, property and attribute. All these objects have same life cycle:

UNSUPPORTED -> SUPPORTED -> DEPRECATED -> HIDDEN
                                      \
                                       -> UNSUPPORTED

where UNSUPPORTED is optional.

Creating process of object

During creating object there is a reason to add support status. So new object should contains support_status parameter equals to SupportStatus class with defined version of object and, maybe, substitute_class or some message. This parameter allows user to understand, from which OpenStack release this object is available and can be used.

Deprecating process of object

When some object becomes obsolete, user should know about that, so there is need to add information about deprecation in support_status of object. Status of SupportStatus must equals to DEPRECATED. If there is no version parameter, need to add one with current release otherwise move current status to previous_status and add to version current release as value. If some new object replaces old object, it will be good decision to add some information about new object to support_status message of old object, e.g. 'Use property new_property instead.'. If old object is directly replaceable by new object, we should add substitute_class to support_status in old object.

Removing process of object

After at least one full release cycle deprecated object should be hidden and support_status status should equals to HIDDEN. HIDDEN status means hiding object from documentation and from result of resource-type-list CLI command, if object is resource. Also, resource-type-show command with such resource will raise NotSupported exception.

Using Support Status during code writing

When adding new objects or adding objects instead of some old (e.g. property subnet instead of subnet_id in OS::Neutron::RouterInterface), there is some information about time of adding objects (since which release it will be available or unavailable). This section described SupportStatus during creating/deprecating/removing resources and properties and attributes. Note, that SupportStatus locates in support.py, so you need to import support. For specifying status, use support constant names, e.g. support.SUPPORTED. All constant names described in section above.

Using Support Status during creation

Option support_status may be used for whole resource:

class ResourceWithType(resource.Resource):

    support_status=support.SupportStatus(
        version='5.0.0',
        message=_('Optional message')
    )

To define support_status for property or attribute, follow next steps:

PROPERTY: properties.Schema(
    ...
    support_status=support.SupportStatus(
        version='5.0.0',
        message=_('Optional message')
    )
)

Same support_status definition for attribute schema.

Note, that in this situation status parameter of SupportStatus uses default value, equals to SUPPORTED.

Using Support Status during deprecation and hiding

When time of deprecation or hiding resource/property/attribute comes, follow next steps:

  1. If there is some support_status in object, add previous_status parameter with current SupportStatus value and change all other parameters for current status, version and, maybe, substitute_class or message.
  2. If there is no support_status option, add new one with parameters status equals to current status, version equals to current release note and, optionally, some message.

Using Support Status during resource deprecating looks like:

class ResourceWithType(resource.Resource):

    support_status=support.SupportStatus(
        status=support.DEPRECATED,
        version='5.0.0',
        substitute_class=SubstituteResourceWithType,
        message=_('Optional message'),
        previous_status=support.SupportStatus(version='2014.2')
    )

Using Support Status during attribute (or property) deprecating looks like:

ATTRIBUTE: attributes.Schema(
    ...
    support_status=support.SupportStatus(
        status=support.DEPRECATED,
        version='5.0.0',
        message=_('Optional message like: Use attribute new_attr'),
        previous_status=support.SupportStatus(
            version='2014.2',
            message=_('Feature available since 2014.2'))
    )
)

Same support_status defining for property schema.

Note, that during hiding object status should be equal support.HIDDEN instead of support.DEPRECATED. Besides that, SupportStatus with DEPRECATED status should be moved to previous_status, e.g.:

support.SupportStatus(
    status=support.HIDDEN,
    version='5.0.0',
    message=_('Some message'),
    previous_status=support.SupportStatus(
        status=support.DEPRECATED,
        version='2015.1',
        substitute_class=SubstituteResourceWithType,
        previous_status=support.SupportStatus(version='2014.2')
    )
)

During hiding properties, if some hidden property has alternative, use translation mechanism for translating properties from old to new one. See below, how to use this mechanism.

Translating mechanism for hidden properties

Sometimes properties become deprecated and replaced by another. There is translation mechanism for that. Mechanism used for such cases:

  1. If there are two properties in properties_schema, which have STRING, INTEGER, NUMBER or BOOLEAN type.
  2. If there are two properties: one in LIST or MAP property sub-schema and another on the top schema.
  3. If there are two properties in LIST property.
  4. If there are non-LIST property and LIST property, which is designed to replace non-LIST property.
  5. If there is STRING property, which contains name or ID of some entity, e.g. subnet, and should be resolved to entity's ID.

Mechanism has rules and executes them. To define rule, TranslationRule class called and specifies translation_path - list with path in properties_schema for property which will be affected; value - value, which will be added to property, specified by previous parameter; value_name - name of old property, used for case 4; value_path - list with path in properties_schema for property which will be used for getting value. TranslationRule supports next rules:

  • ADD. This rule allows to add some value to LIST-type properties. Only LIST-type values can be added to such properties. Using for other cases is prohibited and will be returned with error.
  • REPLACE. This rule allows to replace some property value to another. Used for all types of properties. Note, that if property has list type, then value will be replaced for all elements of list, where it needed. If element in such property must be replaced by value of another element of this property, value_name must be defined.
  • DELETE. This rule allows to delete some property. If property has list type, then deleting affects value in all list elements.
  • RESOLVE - This rule allows to resolve some property using client and the finder function. Finders may require an additional entity key.

Each resource, which has some hidden properties, which can be replaced by new, must overload translation_rules method, which should return a list of TranslationRules, for example:

def translation_rules(self):
     return [properties.TranslationRule(
         self.properties,
         properties.TranslationRule.REPLACE,
         translation_path=[self.NETWORKS, self.NETWORK_ID],
         value_name=self.NETWORK_UUID)]