Merge "Add cirros-specific FAQ item for troubleshooting"
6 days ago
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@@ -636,3 +636,39 @@ Using that, you can delete the port. Example:
the Bare Metal service with a single Neutron, the possibility that a
inventory typo, or possibly even a duplicate MAC address exists, which
could also produce the same basic error message.
My test VM image does not deploy -- mount point does not exist
What is likely occuring
The image attempting to be deployed likely is a partition image where
the file system that the user wishes to boot from lacks the required
folders, such as ``/dev`` and ``/proc``, which are required to install
a bootloader for a Linux OS image
It should be noted that similar errors can also occur with whole disk
images where we are attempting to setup the UEFI bootloader configuration.
That being said, in this case, the image is likely invalid or contains
an unexpected internal structure.
Users performing testing may choose something that they believe
will work based on it working for virtual machines. These images are often
attractive for testing as they are generic and include basic support
for establishing networking and possibly installing user keys.
Unfortunately, these images often lack drivers and firmware required for
many different types of physical hardware which makes using them
very problematic. Additionally, images such as `Cirros <https://download.cirros-cloud.net>`_
do not have any contents in the root filesystem (i.e. an empty filesystem),
as they are designed for the ``ramdisk`` to write the contents to disk upon
How do I not encounter this issue?
We generally recommend using `diskimage-builder <https://docs.openstack.org/diskimage-builder>`_
or vendor supplied images. Centos, Ubuntu, Fedora, and Debian all publish
operating system images which do generally include drivers and firmware for
physical hardware. Many of these published "cloud" images, also support
auto-configuration of networking AND population of user keys.