OpenStack Identity (Keystone)
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# Copyright 2012 OpenStack Foundation
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import print_function
import os
import sys
import uuid
import migrate
from oslo_config import cfg
from oslo_db.sqlalchemy import migration
from oslo_log import log
from oslo_serialization import jsonutils
import pbr.version
from keystone.cmd import doctor
from keystone.common import driver_hints
from keystone.common import fernet_utils
from keystone.common import sql
from keystone.common.sql import upgrades
from keystone.common import utils
import keystone.conf
from keystone.credential.providers import fernet as credential_fernet
from keystone import exception
from keystone.federation import idp
from keystone.federation import utils as mapping_engine
from keystone.i18n import _
from keystone.server import backends
from keystone import token
CONF = keystone.conf.CONF
LOG = log.getLogger(__name__)
class BaseApp(object):
name = None
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = subparsers.add_parser(cls.name, help=cls.__doc__)
parser.set_defaults(cmd_class=cls)
return parser
class BootStrap(BaseApp):
"""Perform the basic bootstrap process."""
name = "bootstrap"
def __init__(self):
self.load_backends()
self.project_id = uuid.uuid4().hex
self.role_id = uuid.uuid4().hex
self.service_id = None
self.service_name = None
self.username = None
self.project_name = None
self.role_name = None
self.password = None
self.public_url = None
self.internal_url = None
self.admin_url = None
self.region_id = None
self.endpoints = {}
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = super(BootStrap, cls).add_argument_parser(subparsers)
parser.add_argument('--bootstrap-username', default='admin',
metavar='OS_BOOTSTRAP_USERNAME',
help=('The username of the initial keystone '
'user during bootstrap process.'))
# NOTE(morganfainberg): See below for ENV Variable that can be used
# in lieu of the command-line arguments.
parser.add_argument('--bootstrap-password', default=None,
metavar='OS_BOOTSTRAP_PASSWORD',
help='The bootstrap user password')
parser.add_argument('--bootstrap-project-name', default='admin',
metavar='OS_BOOTSTRAP_PROJECT_NAME',
help=('The initial project created during the '
'keystone bootstrap process.'))
parser.add_argument('--bootstrap-role-name', default='admin',
metavar='OS_BOOTSTRAP_ROLE_NAME',
help=('The initial role-name created during the '
'keystone bootstrap process.'))
parser.add_argument('--bootstrap-service-name', default='keystone',
metavar='OS_BOOTSTRAP_SERVICE_NAME',
help=('The initial name for the initial identity '
'service created during the keystone '
'bootstrap process.'))
parser.add_argument('--bootstrap-admin-url',
metavar='OS_BOOTSTRAP_ADMIN_URL',
help=('The initial identity admin url created '
'during the keystone bootstrap process. '
'e.g. http://127.0.0.1:35357/v3'))
parser.add_argument('--bootstrap-public-url',
metavar='OS_BOOTSTRAP_PUBLIC_URL',
help=('The initial identity public url created '
'during the keystone bootstrap process. '
'e.g. http://127.0.0.1:5000/v3'))
parser.add_argument('--bootstrap-internal-url',
metavar='OS_BOOTSTRAP_INTERNAL_URL',
help=('The initial identity internal url created '
'during the keystone bootstrap process. '
'e.g. http://127.0.0.1:5000/v3'))
parser.add_argument('--bootstrap-region-id',
metavar='OS_BOOTSTRAP_REGION_ID',
help=('The initial region_id endpoints will be '
'placed in during the keystone bootstrap '
'process.'))
return parser
def load_backends(self):
drivers = backends.load_backends()
self.resource_manager = drivers['resource_api']
self.identity_manager = drivers['identity_api']
self.assignment_manager = drivers['assignment_api']
self.catalog_manager = drivers['catalog_api']
self.role_manager = drivers['role_api']
def _get_config(self):
self.username = (
os.environ.get('OS_BOOTSTRAP_USERNAME') or
CONF.command.bootstrap_username)
self.project_name = (
os.environ.get('OS_BOOTSTRAP_PROJECT_NAME') or
CONF.command.bootstrap_project_name)
self.role_name = (
os.environ.get('OS_BOOTSTRAP_ROLE_NAME') or
CONF.command.bootstrap_role_name)
self.password = (
os.environ.get('OS_BOOTSTRAP_PASSWORD') or
CONF.command.bootstrap_password)
self.service_name = (
os.environ.get('OS_BOOTSTRAP_SERVICE_NAME') or
CONF.command.bootstrap_service_name)
self.admin_url = (
os.environ.get('OS_BOOTSTRAP_ADMIN_URL') or
CONF.command.bootstrap_admin_url)
self.public_url = (
os.environ.get('OS_BOOTSTRAP_PUBLIC_URL') or
CONF.command.bootstrap_public_url)
self.internal_url = (
os.environ.get('OS_BOOTSTRAP_INTERNAL_URL') or
CONF.command.bootstrap_internal_url)
self.region_id = (
os.environ.get('OS_BOOTSTRAP_REGION_ID') or
CONF.command.bootstrap_region_id)
def do_bootstrap(self):
"""Perform the bootstrap actions.
Create bootstrap user, project, and role so that CMS, humans, or
scripts can continue to perform initial setup (domains, projects,
services, endpoints, etc) of Keystone when standing up a new
deployment.
"""
self._get_config()
if self.password is None:
print(_('Either --bootstrap-password argument or '
'OS_BOOTSTRAP_PASSWORD must be set.'))
raise ValueError
# NOTE(morganfainberg): Ensure the default domain is in-fact created
default_domain = {
'id': CONF.identity.default_domain_id,
'name': 'Default',
'enabled': True,
'description': 'The default domain'
}
try:
self.resource_manager.create_domain(
domain_id=default_domain['id'],
domain=default_domain)
LOG.info('Created domain %s', default_domain['id'])
except exception.Conflict:
# NOTE(morganfainberg): Domain already exists, continue on.
LOG.info('Domain %s already exists, skipping creation.',
default_domain['id'])
try:
self.resource_manager.create_project(
project_id=self.project_id,
project={'enabled': True,
'id': self.project_id,
'domain_id': default_domain['id'],
'description': 'Bootstrap project for initializing '
'the cloud.',
'name': self.project_name}
)
LOG.info('Created project %s', self.project_name)
except exception.Conflict:
LOG.info('Project %s already exists, skipping creation.',
self.project_name)
project = self.resource_manager.get_project_by_name(
self.project_name, default_domain['id'])
self.project_id = project['id']
# NOTE(morganfainberg): Do not create the user if it already exists.
try:
user = self.identity_manager.get_user_by_name(self.username,
default_domain['id'])
LOG.info('User %s already exists, skipping creation.',
self.username)
# If the user is not enabled, re-enable them. This also helps
# provide some useful logging output later.
update = {}
enabled = user['enabled']
if not enabled:
update['enabled'] = True
try:
self.identity_manager.driver.authenticate(
user['id'], self.password
)
except AssertionError:
# This means that authentication failed and that we need to
# update the user's password. This is going to persist a
# revocation event that will make all previous tokens for the
# user invalid, which is OK because it falls within the scope
# of revocation. If a password changes, we shouldn't be able to
# use tokens obtained with an old password.
update['password'] = self.password
# Only make a call to update the user if the password has changed
# or the user was previously disabled. This allows bootstrap to act
# as a recovery tool, without having to create a new user.
if update:
user = self.identity_manager.update_user(user['id'], update)
LOG.info('Reset password for user %s.', self.username)
if not enabled and user['enabled']:
# Although we always try to enable the user, this log
# message only makes sense if we know that the user was
# previously disabled.
LOG.info('Enabled user %s.', self.username)
except exception.UserNotFound:
user = self.identity_manager.create_user(
user_ref={'name': self.username,
'enabled': True,
'domain_id': default_domain['id'],
'password': self.password
}
)
LOG.info('Created user %s', self.username)
# NOTE(morganfainberg): Do not create the role if it already exists.
try:
self.role_manager.create_role(
role_id=self.role_id,
role={'name': self.role_name,
'id': self.role_id},
)
LOG.info('Created role %s', self.role_name)
except exception.Conflict:
LOG.info('Role %s exists, skipping creation.', self.role_name)
# NOTE(davechen): There is no backend method to get the role
# by name, so build the hints to list the roles and filter by
# name instead.
hints = driver_hints.Hints()
hints.add_filter('name', self.role_name)
role = self.role_manager.list_roles(hints)
self.role_id = role[0]['id']
# NOTE(morganfainberg): Handle the case that the role assignment has
# already occurred.
try:
self.assignment_manager.add_role_to_user_and_project(
user_id=user['id'],
tenant_id=self.project_id,
role_id=self.role_id
)
LOG.info('Granted %(role)s on %(project)s to user'
' %(username)s.',
{'role': self.role_name,
'project': self.project_name,
'username': self.username})
except exception.Conflict:
LOG.info('User %(username)s already has %(role)s on '
'%(project)s.',
{'username': self.username,
'role': self.role_name,
'project': self.project_name})
if self.region_id:
try:
self.catalog_manager.create_region(
region_ref={'id': self.region_id}
)
LOG.info('Created region %s', self.region_id)
except exception.Conflict:
LOG.info('Region %s exists, skipping creation.',
self.region_id)
if self.public_url or self.admin_url or self.internal_url:
hints = driver_hints.Hints()
hints.add_filter('type', 'identity')
services = self.catalog_manager.list_services(hints)
if services:
service_ref = services[0]
hints = driver_hints.Hints()
hints.add_filter('service_id', service_ref['id'])
if self.region_id:
hints.add_filter('region_id', self.region_id)
endpoints = self.catalog_manager.list_endpoints(hints)
else:
service_ref = {'id': uuid.uuid4().hex,
'name': self.service_name,
'type': 'identity',
'enabled': True}
self.catalog_manager.create_service(
service_id=service_ref['id'],
service_ref=service_ref)
endpoints = []
self.service_id = service_ref['id']
available_interfaces = {e['interface']: e for e in endpoints}
expected_endpoints = {'public': self.public_url,
'internal': self.internal_url,
'admin': self.admin_url}
for interface, url in expected_endpoints.items():
if not url:
# not specified to bootstrap command
continue
try:
endpoint_ref = available_interfaces[interface]
except KeyError:
endpoint_ref = {'id': uuid.uuid4().hex,
'interface': interface,
'url': url,
'service_id': self.service_id,
'enabled': True}
if self.region_id:
endpoint_ref['region_id'] = self.region_id
self.catalog_manager.create_endpoint(
endpoint_id=endpoint_ref['id'],
endpoint_ref=endpoint_ref)
LOG.info('Created %(interface)s endpoint %(url)s',
{'interface': interface, 'url': url})
else:
# NOTE(jamielennox): electing not to update existing
# endpoints here. There may be call to do so in future.
LOG.info('Skipping %s endpoint as already created',
interface)
self.endpoints[interface] = endpoint_ref['id']
self.assignment_manager.ensure_default_role()
@classmethod
def main(cls):
klass = cls()
klass.do_bootstrap()
class Doctor(BaseApp):
"""Diagnose common problems with keystone deployments."""
name = 'doctor'
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = super(Doctor, cls).add_argument_parser(subparsers)
return parser
@staticmethod
def main():
# Return a non-zero exit code if we detect any symptoms.
raise SystemExit(doctor.diagnose())
def assert_not_extension(extension):
if extension:
print(_("All extensions have been moved into keystone core and as "
"such its migrations are maintained by the main keystone "
"database control. Use the command: keystone-manage "
"db_sync"))
raise RuntimeError
class DbSync(BaseApp):
"""Sync the database."""
name = 'db_sync'
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = super(DbSync, cls).add_argument_parser(subparsers)
parser.add_argument('version', default=None, nargs='?',
help=('Migrate the database up to a specified '
'version. If not provided, db_sync will '
'migrate the database to the latest known '
'version. Schema downgrades are not '
'supported.'))
parser.add_argument('--extension', default=None,
help=('This is a deprecated option to migrate a '
'specified extension. Since extensions are '
'now part of the main repository, '
'specifying db_sync without this option '
'will cause all extensions to be migrated.'))
group = parser.add_mutually_exclusive_group()
group.add_argument('--expand', default=False, action='store_true',
help=('Expand the database schema in preparation '
'for data migration.'))
group.add_argument('--migrate', default=False,
action='store_true',
help=('Copy all data that needs to be migrated '
'within the database ahead of starting the '
'first keystone node upgraded to the new '
'release. This command should be run '
'after the --expand command. Once the '
'--migrate command has completed, you can '
'upgrade all your keystone nodes to the new '
'release and restart them.'))
group.add_argument('--contract', default=False, action='store_true',
help=('Remove any database tables and columns '
'that are no longer required. This command '
'should be run after all keystone nodes are '
'running the new release.'))
group.add_argument('--check', default=False, action='store_true',
help=('Check for outstanding database actions that '
'still need to be executed. This command can '
'be used to verify the condition of the '
'current database state.'))
return parser
@classmethod
def check_db_sync_status(self):
status = 0
try:
expand_version = upgrades.get_db_version(repo='expand_repo')
except migration.exception.DBMigrationError:
LOG.info('Your database is not currently under version '
'control or the database is already controlled. Your '
'first step is to run `keystone-manage db_sync '
'--expand`.')
return 2
try:
migrate_version = upgrades.get_db_version(
repo='data_migration_repo')
except migration.exception.DBMigrationError:
migrate_version = 0
try:
contract_version = upgrades.get_db_version(repo='contract_repo')
except migration.exception.DBMigrationError:
contract_version = 0
repo = migrate.versioning.repository.Repository(
upgrades.find_repo('expand_repo'))
migration_script_version = int(max(repo.versions.versions))
if (contract_version > migrate_version or migrate_version >
expand_version):
LOG.info('Your database is out of sync. For more information '
'refer to https://docs.openstack.org/keystone/'
'latest/admin/identity-upgrading.html')
status = 1
elif migration_script_version > expand_version:
LOG.info('Your database is not up to date. Your first step is '
'to run `keystone-manage db_sync --expand`.')
status = 2
elif expand_version > migrate_version:
LOG.info('Expand version is ahead of migrate. Your next step '
'is to run `keystone-manage db_sync --migrate`.')
status = 3
elif migrate_version > contract_version:
LOG.info('Migrate version is ahead of contract. Your next '
'step is to run `keystone-manage db_sync --contract`.')
status = 4
elif (migration_script_version == expand_version == migrate_version ==
contract_version):
LOG.info('All db_sync commands are upgraded to the same '
'version and up-to-date.')
LOG.info('The latest installed migration script version is: '
'%(script)d.\nCurrent repository versions:\nExpand: '
'%(expand)d \nMigrate: %(migrate)d\nContract: '
'%(contract)d', {'script': migration_script_version,
'expand': expand_version,
'migrate': migrate_version,
'contract': contract_version})
return status
@staticmethod
def main():
assert_not_extension(CONF.command.extension)
# It is possible to run expand and migrate at the same time,
# expand needs to run first however.
if CONF.command.check:
sys.exit(DbSync.check_db_sync_status())
elif CONF.command.expand and CONF.command.migrate:
upgrades.expand_schema()
upgrades.migrate_data()
elif CONF.command.expand:
upgrades.expand_schema()
elif CONF.command.migrate:
upgrades.migrate_data()
elif CONF.command.contract:
upgrades.contract_schema()
else:
upgrades.offline_sync_database_to_version(
CONF.command.version)
class DbVersion(BaseApp):
"""Print the current migration version of the database."""
name = 'db_version'
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = super(DbVersion, cls).add_argument_parser(subparsers)
parser.add_argument('--extension', default=None,
help=('This is a deprecated option to print the '
'version of a specified extension. Since '
'extensions are now part of the main '
'repository, the version of an extension is '
'implicit in the version of the main '
'repository.'))
@staticmethod
def main():
assert_not_extension(CONF.command.extension)
print(upgrades.get_db_version())
class BasePermissionsSetup(BaseApp):
"""Common user/group setup for file permissions."""
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = super(BasePermissionsSetup,
cls).add_argument_parser(subparsers)
running_as_root = (os.geteuid() == 0)
parser.add_argument('--keystone-user', required=running_as_root)
parser.add_argument('--keystone-group', required=running_as_root)
return parser
@staticmethod
def get_user_group():
keystone_user_id = None
keystone_group_id = None
try:
a = CONF.command.keystone_user
if a:
keystone_user_id = utils.get_unix_user(a)[0]
except KeyError:
raise ValueError("Unknown user '%s' in --keystone-user" % a)
try:
a = CONF.command.keystone_group
if a:
keystone_group_id = utils.get_unix_group(a)[0]
except KeyError:
raise ValueError("Unknown group '%s' in --keystone-group" % a)
return keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id
class FernetSetup(BasePermissionsSetup):
"""Setup a key repository for Fernet tokens.
This also creates a primary key used for both creating and validating
Fernet tokens. To improve security, you should rotate your keys (using
keystone-manage fernet_rotate, for example).
"""
name = 'fernet_setup'
@classmethod
def main(cls):
futils = fernet_utils.FernetUtils(
CONF.fernet_tokens.key_repository,
CONF.fernet_tokens.max_active_keys,
'fernet_tokens'
)
keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id = cls.get_user_group()
futils.create_key_directory(keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id)
if futils.validate_key_repository(requires_write=True):
futils.initialize_key_repository(
keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id)
class FernetRotate(BasePermissionsSetup):
"""Rotate Fernet encryption keys.
This assumes you have already run keystone-manage fernet_setup.
A new primary key is placed into rotation, which is used for new tokens.
The old primary key is demoted to secondary, which can then still be used
for validating tokens. Excess secondary keys (beyond [fernet_tokens]
max_active_keys) are revoked. Revoked keys are permanently deleted. A new
staged key will be created and used to validate tokens. The next time key
rotation takes place, the staged key will be put into rotation as the
primary key.
Rotating keys too frequently, or with [fernet_tokens] max_active_keys set
too low, will cause tokens to become invalid prior to their expiration.
"""
name = 'fernet_rotate'
@classmethod
def main(cls):
futils = fernet_utils.FernetUtils(
CONF.fernet_tokens.key_repository,
CONF.fernet_tokens.max_active_keys,
'fernet_tokens'
)
keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id = cls.get_user_group()
if futils.validate_key_repository(requires_write=True):
futils.rotate_keys(keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id)
class CredentialSetup(BasePermissionsSetup):
"""Setup a Fernet key repository for credential encryption.
The purpose of this command is very similar to `keystone-manage
fernet_setup` only the keys included in this repository are for encrypting
and decrypting credential secrets instead of token payloads. Keys can be
rotated using `keystone-manage credential_rotate`.
"""
name = 'credential_setup'
@classmethod
def main(cls):
futils = fernet_utils.FernetUtils(
CONF.credential.key_repository,
credential_fernet.MAX_ACTIVE_KEYS,
'credential'
)
keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id = cls.get_user_group()
futils.create_key_directory(keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id)
if futils.validate_key_repository(requires_write=True):
futils.initialize_key_repository(
keystone_user_id,
keystone_group_id
)
class CredentialRotate(BasePermissionsSetup):
"""Rotate Fernet encryption keys for credential encryption.
This assumes you have already run `keystone-manage credential_setup`.
A new primary key is placed into rotation only if all credentials are
encrypted with the current primary key. If any credentials are encrypted
with a secondary key the rotation will abort. This protects against
removing a key that is still required to decrypt credentials. Once a key is
removed from the repository, it is impossible to recover the original data
without restoring from a backup external to keystone (more on backups
below). To make sure all credentials are encrypted with the latest primary
key, please see the `keystone-manage credential_migrate` command. Since the
maximum number of keys in the credential repository is 3, once all
credentials are encrypted with the latest primary key we can safely
introduce a new primary key. All credentials will still be decryptable
since they are all encrypted with the only secondary key in the repository.
It is imperitive to understand the importance of backing up keys used to
encrypt credentials. In the event keys are overrotated, applying a key
repository from backup can help recover otherwise useless credentials.
Persisting snapshots of the key repository in secure and encrypted source
control, or a dedicated key management system are good examples of
encryption key backups.
The `keystone-manage credential_rotate` and `keystone-manage
credential_migrate` commands are intended to be done in sequence. After
performing a rotation, a migration must be done before performing another
rotation. This ensures we don't over-rotate encryption keys.
"""
name = 'credential_rotate'
def __init__(self):
drivers = backends.load_backends()
self.credential_provider_api = drivers['credential_provider_api']
self.credential_api = drivers['credential_api']
def validate_primary_key(self):
crypto, keys = credential_fernet.get_multi_fernet_keys()
primary_key_hash = credential_fernet.primary_key_hash(keys)
credentials = self.credential_api.driver.list_credentials(
driver_hints.Hints()
)
for credential in credentials:
if credential['key_hash'] != primary_key_hash:
msg = _('Unable to rotate credential keys because not all '
'credentials are encrypted with the primary key. '
'Please make sure all credentials have been encrypted '
'with the primary key using `keystone-manage '
'credential_migrate`.')
raise SystemExit(msg)
@classmethod
def main(cls):
futils = fernet_utils.FernetUtils(
CONF.credential.key_repository,
credential_fernet.MAX_ACTIVE_KEYS,
'credential'
)
keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id = cls.get_user_group()
if futils.validate_key_repository(requires_write=True):
klass = cls()
klass.validate_primary_key()
futils.rotate_keys(keystone_user_id, keystone_group_id)
class CredentialMigrate(BasePermissionsSetup):
"""Provides the ability to encrypt credentials using a new primary key.
This assumes that there is already a credential key repository in place and
that the database backend has been upgraded to at least the Newton schema.
If the credential repository doesn't exist yet, you can use
``keystone-manage credential_setup`` to create one.
"""
name = 'credential_migrate'
def __init__(self):
drivers = backends.load_backends()
self.credential_provider_api = drivers['credential_provider_api']
self.credential_api = drivers['credential_api']
def migrate_credentials(self):
crypto, keys = credential_fernet.get_multi_fernet_keys()
primary_key_hash = credential_fernet.primary_key_hash(keys)
# FIXME(lbragstad): We *should* be able to use Hints() to ask only for
# credentials that have a key_hash equal to a secondary key hash or
# None, but Hints() doesn't seem to honor None values. See
# https://bugs.launchpad.net/keystone/+bug/1614154. As a workaround -
# we have to ask for *all* credentials and filter them ourselves.
credentials = self.credential_api.driver.list_credentials(
driver_hints.Hints()
)
for credential in credentials:
if credential['key_hash'] != primary_key_hash:
# If the key_hash isn't None but doesn't match the
# primary_key_hash, then we know the credential was encrypted
# with a secondary key. Let's decrypt it, and send it through
# the update path to re-encrypt it with the new primary key.
decrypted_blob = self.credential_provider_api.decrypt(
credential['encrypted_blob']
)
cred = {'blob': decrypted_blob}
self.credential_api.update_credential(
credential['id'],
cred
)
@classmethod
def main(cls):
# Check to make sure we have a repository that works...
futils = fernet_utils.FernetUtils(
CONF.credential.key_repository,
credential_fernet.MAX_ACTIVE_KEYS,
'credential'
)
futils.validate_key_repository(requires_write=True)
klass = cls()
klass.migrate_credentials()
class TokenFlush(BaseApp):
"""Flush expired tokens from the backend."""
name = 'token_flush'
@classmethod
def main(cls):
token_manager = token.persistence.PersistenceManager()
try:
token_manager.flush_expired_tokens()
except exception.NotImplemented:
# NOTE(ravelar159): Stop NotImplemented from unsupported token
# driver when using token_flush and print out warning instead
LOG.warning('Token driver %s does not support token_flush. '
'The token_flush command had no effect.',
CONF.token.driver)
class MappingPurge(BaseApp):
"""Purge the mapping table."""
name = 'mapping_purge'
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = super(MappingPurge, cls).add_argument_parser(subparsers)
parser.add_argument('--all', default=False, action='store_true',
help=('Purge all mappings.'))
parser.add_argument('--domain-name', default=None,
help=('Purge any mappings for the domain '
'specified.'))
parser.add_argument('--public-id', default=None,
help=('Purge the mapping for the Public ID '
'specified.'))
parser.add_argument('--local-id', default=None,
help=('Purge the mappings for the Local ID '
'specified.'))
parser.add_argument('--type', default=None, choices=['user', 'group'],
help=('Purge any mappings for the type '
'specified.'))
return parser
@staticmethod
def main():
def validate_options():
# NOTE(henry-nash): It would be nice to use the argparse automated
# checking for this validation, but the only way I can see doing
# that is to make the default (i.e. if no optional parameters
# are specified) to purge all mappings - and that sounds too
# dangerous as a default. So we use it in a slightly
# unconventional way, where all parameters are optional, but you
# must specify at least one.
if (CONF.command.all is False and
CONF.command.domain_name is None and
CONF.command.public_id is None and
CONF.command.local_id is None and
CONF.command.type is None):
raise ValueError(_('At least one option must be provided'))
if (CONF.command.all is True and
(CONF.command.domain_name is not None or
CONF.command.public_id is not None or
CONF.command.local_id is not None or
CONF.command.type is not None)):
raise ValueError(_('--all option cannot be mixed with '
'other options'))
def get_domain_id(name):
try:
return resource_manager.get_domain_by_name(name)['id']
except KeyError:
raise ValueError(_("Unknown domain '%(name)s' specified by "
"--domain-name") % {'name': name})
validate_options()
drivers = backends.load_backends()
resource_manager = drivers['resource_api']
mapping_manager = drivers['id_mapping_api']
# Now that we have validated the options, we know that at least one
# option has been specified, and if it was the --all option then this
# was the only option specified.
#
# The mapping dict is used to filter which mappings are purged, so
# leaving it empty means purge them all
mapping = {}
if CONF.command.domain_name is not None:
mapping['domain_id'] = get_domain_id(CONF.command.domain_name)
if CONF.command.public_id is not None:
mapping['public_id'] = CONF.command.public_id
if CONF.command.local_id is not None:
mapping['local_id'] = CONF.command.local_id
if CONF.command.type is not None:
mapping['type'] = CONF.command.type
mapping_manager.purge_mappings(mapping)
DOMAIN_CONF_FHEAD = 'keystone.'
DOMAIN_CONF_FTAIL = '.conf'
def _domain_config_finder(conf_dir):
"""Return a generator of all domain config files found in a directory.
Domain configs match the filename pattern of
'keystone.<domain_name>.conf'.
:returns: generator yielding (filename, domain_name) tuples
"""
LOG.info('Scanning %r for domain config files', conf_dir)
for r, d, f in os.walk(conf_dir):
for fname in f:
if (fname.startswith(DOMAIN_CONF_FHEAD) and
fname.endswith(DOMAIN_CONF_FTAIL)):
if fname.count('.') >= 2:
domain_name = fname[len(DOMAIN_CONF_FHEAD):
-len(DOMAIN_CONF_FTAIL)]
yield (os.path.join(r, fname), domain_name)
continue
LOG.warning('Ignoring file (%s) while scanning '
'domain config directory', fname)
class DomainConfigUploadFiles(object):
def __init__(self, domain_config_finder=_domain_config_finder):
super(DomainConfigUploadFiles, self).__init__()
self.load_backends()
self._domain_config_finder = domain_config_finder
def load_backends(self):
drivers = backends.load_backends()
self.resource_manager = drivers['resource_api']
self.domain_config_manager = drivers['domain_config_api']
def valid_options(self):
"""Validate the options, returning True if they are indeed valid.
It would be nice to use the argparse automated checking for this
validation, but the only way I can see doing that is to make the
default (i.e. if no optional parameters are specified) to upload
all configuration files - and that sounds too dangerous as a
default. So we use it in a slightly unconventional way, where all
parameters are optional, but you must specify at least one.
"""
if (CONF.command.all is False and
CONF.command.domain_name is None):
print(_('At least one option must be provided, use either '
'--all or --domain-name'))
return False
if (CONF.command.all is True and
CONF.command.domain_name is not None):
print(_('The --all option cannot be used with '
'the --domain-name option'))
return False
return True
def _upload_config_to_database(self, file_name, domain_name):
"""Upload a single config file to the database.
:param file_name: the file containing the config options
:param domain_name: the domain name
:returns: a boolean indicating if the upload succeeded
"""
try:
domain_ref = (
self.resource_manager.get_domain_by_name(domain_name))
except exception.DomainNotFound:
print(_('Invalid domain name: %(domain)s found in config file '
'name: %(file)s - ignoring this file.') % {
'domain': domain_name,
'file': file_name})
return False
if self.domain_config_manager.get_config_with_sensitive_info(
domain_ref['id']):
print(_('Domain: %(domain)s already has a configuration '
'defined - ignoring file: %(file)s.') % {
'domain': domain_name,
'file': file_name})
return False
sections = {}
try:
parser = cfg.ConfigParser(file_name, sections)
parser.parse()
except Exception:
# We explicitly don't try and differentiate the error cases, in
# order to keep the code in this tool more robust as oslo.config
# changes.
print(_('Error parsing configuration file for domain: %(domain)s, '
'file: %(file)s.') % {
'domain': domain_name,
'file': file_name})
return False
try:
for group in sections:
for option in sections[group]:
sections[group][option] = sections[group][option][0]
self.domain_config_manager.create_config(domain_ref['id'],
sections)
return True
except Exception as e:
msg = ('Error processing config file for domain: '
'%(domain_name)s, file: %(filename)s, error: %(error)s')
LOG.error(msg,
{'domain_name': domain_name,
'filename': file_name,
'error': e},
exc_info=True)
return False
def read_domain_configs_from_files(self):
"""Read configs from file(s) and load into database.
The command line parameters have already been parsed and the CONF
command option will have been set. It is either set to the name of an
explicit domain, or it's None to indicate that we want all domain
config files.
"""
domain_name = CONF.command.domain_name
conf_dir = CONF.identity.domain_config_dir
if not os.path.exists(conf_dir):
print(_('Unable to locate domain config directory: %s') % conf_dir)
raise ValueError
if domain_name:
# Request is to upload the configs for just one domain
fname = DOMAIN_CONF_FHEAD + domain_name + DOMAIN_CONF_FTAIL
if not self._upload_config_to_database(
os.path.join(conf_dir, fname), domain_name):
return False
return True
success_cnt = 0
failure_cnt = 0
for filename, domain_name in self._domain_config_finder(conf_dir):
if self._upload_config_to_database(filename, domain_name):
success_cnt += 1
LOG.info('Successfully uploaded domain config %r',
filename)
else:
failure_cnt += 1
if success_cnt == 0:
LOG.warning('No domain configs uploaded from %r', conf_dir)
if failure_cnt:
return False
return True
def run(self):
# First off, let's just check we can talk to the domain database
try:
self.resource_manager.list_domains(driver_hints.Hints())
except Exception:
# It is likely that there is some SQL or other backend error
# related to set up
print(_('Unable to access the keystone database, please check it '
'is configured correctly.'))
raise
if not self.valid_options():
return 1
if not self.read_domain_configs_from_files():
return 1
class DomainConfigUpload(BaseApp):
"""Upload the domain specific configuration files to the database."""
name = 'domain_config_upload'
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = super(DomainConfigUpload, cls).add_argument_parser(subparsers)
parser.add_argument('--all', default=False, action='store_true',
help='Upload contents of all domain specific '
'configuration files. Either use this option '
'or use the --domain-name option to choose a '
'specific domain.')
parser.add_argument('--domain-name', default=None,
help='Upload contents of the specific '
'configuration file for the given domain. '
'Either use this option or use the --all '
'option to upload contents for all domains.')
return parser
@staticmethod
def main():
dcu = DomainConfigUploadFiles()
status = dcu.run()
if status is not None:
sys.exit(status)
class SamlIdentityProviderMetadata(BaseApp):
"""Generate Identity Provider metadata."""
name = 'saml_idp_metadata'
@staticmethod
def main():
metadata = idp.MetadataGenerator().generate_metadata()
print(metadata.to_string())
class MappingEngineTester(BaseApp):
"""Execute mapping engine locally."""
name = 'mapping_engine'
def __init__(self):
super(MappingEngineTester, self).__init__()
self.mapping_id = uuid.uuid4().hex
self.rules_pathname = None
self.rules = None
self.assertion_pathname = None
self.assertion = None
def read_rules(self, path):
self.rules_pathname = path
try:
with open(path) as file:
self.rules = jsonutils.load(file)
except ValueError as e:
raise SystemExit(_('Error while parsing rules '
'%(path)s: %(err)s') % {'path': path, 'err': e})
def read_assertion(self, path):
self.assertion_pathname = path
try:
with open(path) as file:
self.assertion = file.read().strip()
except IOError as e:
raise SystemExit(_("Error while opening file "
"%(path)s: %(err)s") % {'path': path, 'err': e})
def normalize_assertion(self):
def split(line, line_num):
try:
k, v = line.split(':', 1)
return k.strip(), v.strip()
except ValueError:
msg = _("assertion file %(pathname)s at line %(line_num)d "
"expected 'key: value' but found '%(line)s' "
"see help for file format")
raise SystemExit(msg % {'pathname': self.assertion_pathname,
'line_num': line_num,
'line': line})
assertion = self.assertion.split('\n')
assertion_dict = {}
prefix = CONF.command.prefix
for line_num, line in enumerate(assertion, 1):
line = line.strip()
if line == '':
continue
k, v = split(line, line_num)
if prefix:
if k.startswith(prefix):
assertion_dict[k] = v
else:
assertion_dict[k] = v
self.assertion = assertion_dict
def normalize_rules(self):
if isinstance(self.rules, list):
self.rules = {'rules': self.rules}
@classmethod
def main(cls):
if CONF.command.engine_debug:
mapping_engine.LOG.logger.setLevel('DEBUG')
else:
mapping_engine.LOG.logger.setLevel('WARN')
tester = cls()
tester.read_rules(CONF.command.rules)
tester.normalize_rules()
mapping_engine.validate_mapping_structure(tester.rules)
tester.read_assertion(CONF.command.input)
tester.normalize_assertion()
if CONF.command.engine_debug:
print("Using Rules:\n%s" % (
jsonutils.dumps(tester.rules, indent=2)))
print("Using Assertion:\n%s" % (
jsonutils.dumps(tester.assertion, indent=2)))
rp = mapping_engine.RuleProcessor(tester.mapping_id,
tester.rules['rules'])
mapped = rp.process(tester.assertion)
print(jsonutils.dumps(mapped, indent=2))
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = super(MappingEngineTester,
cls).add_argument_parser(subparsers)
parser.add_argument('--rules', default=None, required=True,
help=("Path to the file with "
"rules to be executed. "
"Content must be a proper JSON structure, "
"with a top-level key 'rules' and "
"corresponding value being a list."))
parser.add_argument('--input', default=None, required=True,
help=("Path to the file with input attributes. "
"The content consists of ':' separated "
"parameter names and their values. "
"There is only one key-value pair per line. "
"A ';' in the value is a separator and then "
"a value is treated as a list. Example:\n "
"EMAIL: me@example.com\n"
"LOGIN: me\n"
"GROUPS: group1;group2;group3"))
parser.add_argument('--prefix', default=None,
help=("A prefix used for each environment "
"variable in the assertion. For example, "
"all environment variables may have the "
"prefix ASDF_."))
parser.add_argument('--engine-debug',
default=False, action="store_true",
help=("Enable debug messages from the mapping "
"engine."))
class MappingPopulate(BaseApp):
"""Pre-populate entries from domain-specific backends.
Running this command is not required. It should only be run right after
the LDAP was configured, when many new users were added, or when
"mapping_purge" is run.
This command will take a while to run. It is perfectly fine for it to run
more than several minutes.
"""
name = "mapping_populate"
@classmethod
def load_backends(cls):
drivers = backends.load_backends()
cls.identity_api = drivers['identity_api']
cls.resource_api = drivers['resource_api']
@classmethod
def add_argument_parser(cls, subparsers):
parser = super(MappingPopulate, cls).add_argument_parser(
subparsers)
parser.add_argument('--domain-name', default=None, required=True,
help=("Name of the domain configured to use "
"domain-specific backend"))
return parser
@classmethod
def main(cls):
"""Process entries for id_mapping_api."""
cls.load_backends()
domain_name = CONF.command.domain_name
try:
domain_id = cls.resource_api.get_domain_by_name(domain_name)['id']
except exception.DomainNotFound:
print(_('Invalid domain name: %(domain)s') % {
'domain': domain_name})
return False
# We don't actually need to tackle id_mapping_api in order to get
# entries there, because list_users does this anyway. That's why it
# will be enough to just make the call below.
cls.identity_api.list_users(domain_scope=domain_id)
CMDS = [
BootStrap,
CredentialMigrate,
CredentialRotate,
CredentialSetup,
DbSync,
DbVersion,
Doctor,
DomainConfigUpload,
FernetRotate,
FernetSetup,
MappingPopulate,
MappingPurge,
MappingEngineTester,
SamlIdentityProviderMetadata,
TokenFlush,
]
def add_command_parsers(subparsers):
for cmd in CMDS:
cmd.add_argument_parser(subparsers)
command_opt = cfg.SubCommandOpt('command',
title='Commands',
help='Available commands',
handler=add_command_parsers)
def main(argv=None, config_files=None):
CONF.register_cli_opt(command_opt)
keystone.conf.configure()
sql.initialize()
keystone.conf.set_default_for_default_log_levels()
CONF(args=argv[1:],
project='keystone',
version=pbr.version.VersionInfo('keystone').version_string(),
usage='%(prog)s [' + '|'.join([cmd.name for cmd in CMDS]) + ']',
default_config_files=config_files)
if not CONF.default_config_files:
LOG.warning('Config file not found, using default configs.')
keystone.conf.setup_logging()
CONF.command.cmd_class.main()