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# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
import threading
import time
from six.moves import queue
class FairSemaphore(object):
"""Semaphore class that notifies in order of request.
We cannot use a normal Semaphore because it doesn't give any ordering,
which could lead to a request starving. Instead, handle them in the
order we receive them.
:param int concurrency:
How many concurrent threads can have the semaphore at once.
:param float rate_delay:
How long to wait between the start of each thread receiving the
def __init__(self, concurrency, rate_delay):
self._lock = threading.Lock()
self._concurrency = concurrency
if concurrency:
self._count = 0
self._queue = queue.Queue()
self._rate_delay = rate_delay
self._rate_last_ts = time.time()
def __enter__(self):
"""Aquire a semaphore."""
# If concurrency is None, everyone is free to immediately execute.
if not self._concurrency:
# NOTE: Rate limiting still applies.This will ultimately impact
# concurrency a bit due to the mutex.
with self._lock:
execution_time = self._advance_timer()
execution_time = self._get_ticket()
return self._wait_for_execution(execution_time)
def _wait_for_execution(self, execution_time):
"""Wait until the pre-calculated time to run."""
wait_time = execution_time - time.time()
if wait_time > 0:
def _get_ticket(self):
ticket = threading.Event()
with self._lock:
if self._count <= self._concurrency:
# We can execute, no need to wait. Take a ticket and
# move on.
self._count += 1
return self._advance_timer()
# We need to wait for a ticket before we can execute.
# Put ourselves in the ticket queue to be woken up
# when available.
with self._lock:
return self._advance_timer()
def _advance_timer(self):
"""Calculate the time when it's ok to run a command again.
This runs inside of the mutex, serializing the calculation
of when it's ok to run again and setting _rate_last_ts to that
new time so that the next thread to calculate when it's safe to
run starts from the time that the current thread calculated.
self._rate_last_ts = self._rate_last_ts + self._rate_delay
return self._rate_last_ts
def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_value, traceback):
"""Release the semaphore."""
# If concurrency is None, everyone is free to immediately execute
if not self._concurrency:
with self._lock:
# If waiters, wake up the next item in the queue (note
# we're under the queue lock so the queue won't change
# under us).
if self._queue.qsize() > 0:
ticket = self._queue.get()
# Nothing else to do, give our ticket back
self._count -= 1