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# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
import datetime
import functools
import hashlib
import json
import logging
import os
import platform
import socket
import sys
import time
import uuid
from positional import positional
import requests
import six
from six.moves import urllib
import keystoneauth1
from keystoneauth1 import _utils as utils
from keystoneauth1 import exceptions
import netaddr
except ImportError:
netaddr = None
import osprofiler.web as osprofiler_web
except ImportError:
osprofiler_web = None
DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 'keystoneauth1/%s %s %s/%s' % (
keystoneauth1.__version__, requests.utils.default_user_agent(),
platform.python_implementation(), platform.python_version())
# NOTE(jamielennox): Clients will likely want to print more than json. Please
# propose a patch if you have a content type you think is reasonable to print
# here and we'll add it to the list as required.
_LOG_CONTENT_TYPES = set(['application/json'])
_logger = utils.get_logger(__name__)
def _construct_session(session_obj=None):
# NOTE(morganfainberg): if the logic in this function changes be sure to
# update the betamax fixture's '_construct_session_with_betamax" function
# as well.
if not session_obj:
session_obj = requests.Session()
# Use TCPKeepAliveAdapter to fix bug 1323862
for scheme in list(session_obj.adapters):
session_obj.mount(scheme, TCPKeepAliveAdapter())
return session_obj
class _JSONEncoder(json.JSONEncoder):
def default(self, o):
if isinstance(o, datetime.datetime):
return o.isoformat()
if isinstance(o, uuid.UUID):
return six.text_type(o)
if netaddr and isinstance(o, netaddr.IPAddress):
return six.text_type(o)
return super(_JSONEncoder, self).default(o)
class _StringFormatter(object):
"""A String formatter that fetches values on demand."""
def __init__(self, session, auth):
self.session = session
self.auth = auth
def __getitem__(self, item):
if item == 'project_id':
value = self.session.get_project_id(self.auth)
elif item == 'user_id':
value = self.session.get_user_id(self.auth)
raise AttributeError(item)
if not value:
raise ValueError("This type of authentication does not provide a "
"%s that can be substituted" % item)
return value
def _determine_calling_package():
"""Walk the call frames trying to identify what is using this module."""
# Create a lookup table mapping file name to module name. The ``inspect``
# module does this but is far less efficient. Same story with the
# frame walking below. One could use ``inspect.stack()`` but it
# has far more overhead.
mod_lookup = dict((m.__file__, n) for n, m in sys.modules.items()
if hasattr(m, '__file__'))
# NOTE(shaleh): these are not useful because they hide the real
# user of the code. debtcollector did not import keystoneauth but
# it will show up in the call stack. Similarly we do not want to
# report ourselves or keystone client as the user agent. The real
# user is the code importing them.
ignored = ('debtcollector', 'keystoneauth1', 'keystoneclient')
i = 0
while True:
i += 1
# NOTE(shaleh): this is safe in CPython but could break in
# other implementations of Python. Yes, the `inspect`
# module could be used instead. But it does a lot more
# work so it has worse performance.
f = sys._getframe(i)
name = mod_lookup[f.f_code.co_filename]
# finds the full name but all we need
# is the module name.
name, _, _ = name.partition('.')
if name not in ignored:
return name
except KeyError:
pass # builtin or the like
except ValueError:
# hit the bottom of the frame stack
return ''
def _determine_user_agent():
"""Attempt to programatically generate a user agent string.
First, look at the name of the process. Return this unless it is in
the `ignored` list. Otherwise, look at the function call stack and
try to find the name of the code that invoked this module.
# NOTE(shaleh): mod_wsgi is not any more useful than just
# reporting "keystoneauth". Ignore it and perform the package name
# heuristic.
ignored = ('mod_wsgi', )
name = sys.argv[0]
except IndexError:
# sys.argv is empty, usually the Python interpreter prevents this.
return ''
if not name:
return ''
name = os.path.basename(name)
if name in ignored:
name = _determine_calling_package()
return name
class Session(object):
"""Maintains client communication state and common functionality.
As much as possible the parameters to this class reflect and are passed
directly to the :mod:`requests` library.
:param auth: An authentication plugin to authenticate the session with.
(optional, defaults to None)
:type auth: keystoneauth1.plugin.BaseAuthPlugin
:param requests.Session session: A requests session object that can be used
for issuing requests. (optional)
:param str original_ip: The original IP of the requesting user which will
be sent to identity service in a 'Forwarded'
header. (optional)
:param verify: The verification arguments to pass to requests. These are of
the same form as requests expects, so True or False to
verify (or not) against system certificates or a path to a
bundle or CA certs to check against or None for requests to
attempt to locate and use certificates. (optional, defaults
to True)
:param cert: A client certificate to pass to requests. These are of the
same form as requests expects. Either a single filename
containing both the certificate and key or a tuple containing
the path to the certificate then a path to the key. (optional)
:param float timeout: A timeout to pass to requests. This should be a
numerical value indicating some amount (or fraction)
of seconds or 0 for no timeout. (optional, defaults
to 0)
:param str user_agent: A User-Agent header string to use for the request.
If not provided, a default of
:attr:`~keystoneauth1.session.DEFAULT_USER_AGENT` is
used, which contains the keystoneauth1 version as
well as those of the requests library and which
Python is being used. When a non-None value is
passed, it will be prepended to the default.
:param int/bool redirect: Controls the maximum number of redirections that
can be followed by a request. Either an integer
for a specific count or True/False for
forever/never. (optional, default to 30)
:param dict additional_headers: Additional headers that should be attached
to every request passing through the
session. Headers of the same name specified
per request will take priority.
:param str app_name: The name of the application that is creating the
session. This will be used to create the user_agent.
:param str app_version: The version of the application creating the
session. This will be used to create the
:param list additional_user_agent: A list of tuple of name, version that
will be added to the user agent. This
can be used by libraries that are part
of the communication process.
user_agent = None
_REDIRECT_STATUSES = (301, 302, 303, 305, 307, 308)
def __init__(self, auth=None, session=None, original_ip=None, verify=True,
cert=None, timeout=None, user_agent=None,
redirect=_DEFAULT_REDIRECT_LIMIT, additional_headers=None,
app_name=None, app_version=None, additional_user_agent=None):
self.auth = auth
self.session = _construct_session(session)
self.original_ip = original_ip
self.verify = verify
self.cert = cert
self.timeout = None
self.redirect = redirect
self.additional_headers = additional_headers or {}
self.app_name = app_name
self.app_version = app_version
self.additional_user_agent = additional_user_agent or []
self._determined_user_agent = None
if timeout is not None:
self.timeout = float(timeout)
if user_agent is not None:
self.user_agent = "%s %s" % (user_agent, DEFAULT_USER_AGENT)
self._json = _JSONEncoder()
def adapters(self):
return self.session.adapters
def adapters(self, value):
self.session.adapters = value
def mount(self, scheme, adapter):
self.session.mount(scheme, adapter)
def _remove_service_catalog(self, body):
data = json.loads(body)
# V3 token
if 'token' in data and 'catalog' in data['token']:
data['token']['catalog'] = '<removed>'
return self._json.encode(data)
# V2 token
if 'serviceCatalog' in data['access']:
data['access']['serviceCatalog'] = '<removed>'
return self._json.encode(data)
except Exception:
# Don't fail trying to clean up the request body.
return body
def _process_header(header):
"""Redact the secure headers to be logged."""
secure_headers = ('authorization', 'x-auth-token',
'x-subject-token', 'x-service-token')
if header[0].lower() in secure_headers:
token_hasher = hashlib.sha1()
token_hash = token_hasher.hexdigest()
return (header[0], '{SHA1}%s' % token_hash)
return header
def _http_log_request(self, url, method=None, data=None,
json=None, headers=None, query_params=None,
if not logger.isEnabledFor(logging.DEBUG):
# NOTE(morganfainberg): This whole debug section is expensive,
# there is no need to do the work if we're not going to emit a
# debug log.
string_parts = ['REQ: curl -g -i']
# NOTE(jamielennox): None means let requests do its default validation
# so we need to actually check that this is False.
if self.verify is False:
elif isinstance(self.verify, six.string_types):
string_parts.append('--cacert "%s"' % self.verify)
if method:
string_parts.extend(['-X', method])
if query_params:
# Don't check against `is not None` as this can be
# an empty dictionary, which we shouldn't bother logging.
url = url + '?' + urllib.parse.urlencode(query_params)
# URLs with query strings need to be wrapped in quotes in order
# for the CURL command to run properly.
string_parts.append('"%s"' % url)
if headers:
for header in headers.items():
string_parts.append('-H "%s: %s"'
% self._process_header(header))
if json:
data = self._json.encode(json)
if data:
if isinstance(data, six.binary_type):
data = data.decode("ascii")
except UnicodeDecodeError:
data = "<binary_data>"
string_parts.append("-d '%s'" % data)
logger.debug(' '.join(string_parts))
def _http_log_response(self, response=None, json=None,
status_code=None, headers=None, text=None,
if not logger.isEnabledFor(logging.DEBUG):
if response is not None:
if not status_code:
status_code = response.status_code
if not headers:
headers = response.headers
if not text:
# NOTE(samueldmq): If the response does not provide enough info
# about the content type to decide whether it is useful and
# safe to log it or not, just do not log the body. Trying to
# read the response body anyways may result on reading a long
# stream of bytes and getting an unexpected MemoryError. See
# bug 1616105 for further details.
content_type = response.headers.get('content-type', None)
# NOTE(lamt): Per [1], the Content-Type header can be of the
# form Content-Type := type "/" subtype *[";" parameter]
# [1]
for log_type in _LOG_CONTENT_TYPES:
if content_type is not None and content_type.startswith(
text = self._remove_service_catalog(response.text)
text = ('Omitted, Content-Type is set to %s. Only '
'%s responses have their bodies logged.')
text = text % (content_type, ', '.join(_LOG_CONTENT_TYPES))
if json:
text = self._json.encode(json)
string_parts = ['RESP:']
if status_code:
string_parts.append('[%s]' % status_code)
if headers:
for header in headers.items():
string_parts.append('%s: %s' % self._process_header(header))
if text:
string_parts.append('\nRESP BODY: %s\n' % text)
logger.debug(' '.join(string_parts))
def request(self, url, method, json=None, original_ip=None,
user_agent=None, redirect=None, authenticated=None,
endpoint_filter=None, auth=None, requests_auth=None,
raise_exc=True, allow_reauth=True, log=True,
endpoint_override=None, connect_retries=0, logger=_logger,
allow={}, client_name=None, client_version=None, **kwargs):
"""Send an HTTP request with the specified characteristics.
Wrapper around `requests.Session.request` to handle tasks such as
setting headers, JSON encoding/decoding, and error handling.
Arguments that are not handled are passed through to the requests
:param str url: Path or fully qualified URL of HTTP request. If only a
path is provided then endpoint_filter must also be
provided such that the base URL can be determined. If a
fully qualified URL is provided then endpoint_filter
will be ignored.
:param str method: The http method to use. (e.g. 'GET', 'POST')
:param str original_ip: Mark this request as forwarded for this ip.
:param dict headers: Headers to be included in the request. (optional)
:param json: Some data to be represented as JSON. (optional)
:param str user_agent: A user_agent to use for the request. If present
will override one present in headers. (optional)
:param int/bool redirect: the maximum number of redirections that
can be followed by a request. Either an
integer for a specific count or True/False
for forever/never. (optional)
:param int connect_retries: the maximum number of retries that should
be attempted for connection errors.
(optional, defaults to 0 - never retry).
:param bool authenticated: True if a token should be attached to this
request, False if not or None for attach if
an auth_plugin is available.
(optional, defaults to None)
:param dict endpoint_filter: Data to be provided to an auth plugin with
which it should be able to determine an
endpoint to use for this request. If not
provided then URL is expected to be a
fully qualified URL. (optional)
:param str endpoint_override: The URL to use instead of looking up the
endpoint in the auth plugin. This will be
ignored if a fully qualified URL is
provided but take priority over an
endpoint_filter. This string may contain
the values ``%(project_id)s`` and
``%(user_id)s`` to have those values
replaced by the project_id/user_id of the
current authentication. (optional)
:param auth: The auth plugin to use when authenticating this request.
This will override the plugin that is attached to the
session (if any). (optional)
:type auth: keystoneauth1.plugin.BaseAuthPlugin
:param requests_auth: A requests library auth plugin that cannot be
passed via kwarg because the `auth` kwarg
collides with our own auth plugins. (optional)
:type requests_auth: :py:class:`requests.auth.AuthBase`
:param bool raise_exc: If True then raise an appropriate exception for
failed HTTP requests. If False then return the
request object. (optional, default True)
:param bool allow_reauth: Allow fetching a new token and retrying the
request on receiving a 401 Unauthorized
response. (optional, default True)
:param bool log: If True then log the request and response data to the
debug log. (optional, default True)
:param logger: The logger object to use to log request and responses.
If not provided the keystoneauth1.session default
logger will be used.
:type logger: logging.Logger
:param dict allow: Extra filters to pass when discovering API
versions. (optional)
:param kwargs: any other parameter that can be passed to
:meth:`requests.Session.request` (such as `headers`).
- `data` will be overwritten by the data in the `json`
- `allow_redirects` is ignored as redirects are handled
by the session.
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException: For connection
failure, or to indicate an error response code.
:returns: The response to the request.
headers = kwargs.setdefault('headers', dict())
if authenticated is None:
authenticated = bool(auth or self.auth)
if authenticated:
auth_headers = self.get_auth_headers(auth)
if auth_headers is None:
msg = 'No valid authentication is available'
raise exceptions.AuthorizationFailure(msg)
if osprofiler_web:
# if we are passed a fully qualified URL and an endpoint_filter we
# should ignore the filter. This will make it easier for clients who
# want to overrule the default endpoint_filter data added to all client
# requests. We check fully qualified here by the presence of a host.
if not urllib.parse.urlparse(url).netloc:
base_url = None
if endpoint_override:
base_url = endpoint_override % _StringFormatter(self, auth)
elif endpoint_filter:
base_url = self.get_endpoint(auth, allow=allow,
if not base_url:
raise exceptions.EndpointNotFound()
url = '%s/%s' % (base_url.rstrip('/'), url.lstrip('/'))
if self.cert:
kwargs.setdefault('cert', self.cert)
if self.timeout is not None:
kwargs.setdefault('timeout', self.timeout)
if user_agent:
headers['User-Agent'] = user_agent
elif self.user_agent:
user_agent = headers.setdefault('User-Agent', self.user_agent)
# Per RFC 7231 Section 5.5.3, identifiers in a user-agent should be
# ordered by decreasing significance. If a user sets their product
# that value will be used. Otherwise we attempt to derive a useful
# product value. The value will be prepended it to the KSA version,
# requests version, and then the Python version.
agent = []
if self.app_name and self.app_version:
agent.append('%s/%s' % (self.app_name, self.app_version))
elif self.app_name:
for additional in self.additional_user_agent:
agent.append('%s/%s' % additional)
if client_name and client_version:
agent.append('%s/%s' % (client_name, client_version))
elif client_name:
if not agent:
# NOTE(jamielennox): determine_user_agent will return an empty
# string on failure so checking for None will ensure it is only
# called once even on failure.
if self._determined_user_agent is None:
self._determined_user_agent = _determine_user_agent()
if self._determined_user_agent:
user_agent = headers.setdefault('User-Agent', ' '.join(agent))
if self.original_ip:
'for=%s;by=%s' % (self.original_ip, user_agent))
if json is not None:
headers.setdefault('Content-Type', 'application/json')
kwargs['data'] = self._json.encode(json)
for k, v in self.additional_headers.items():
headers.setdefault(k, v)
kwargs.setdefault('verify', self.verify)
if requests_auth:
kwargs['auth'] = requests_auth
# Query parameters that are included in the url string will
# be logged properly, but those sent in the `params` parameter
# (which the requests library handles) need to be explicitly
# picked out so they can be included in the URL that gets loggged.
query_params = kwargs.get('params', dict())
if log:
self._http_log_request(url, method=method,
# Force disable requests redirect handling. We will manage this below.
kwargs['allow_redirects'] = False
if redirect is None:
redirect = self.redirect
send = functools.partial(self._send_request,
url, method, redirect, log, logger,
connection_params = self.get_auth_connection_params(auth=auth)
except exceptions.MissingAuthPlugin:
# NOTE(jamielennox): If we've gotten this far without an auth
# plugin then we should be happy with allowing no additional
# connection params. This will be the typical case for plugins
# anyway.
if connection_params:
resp = send(**kwargs)
# log callee and caller request-id for each api call
if log:
# service_name should be fetched from endpoint_filter if it is not
# present then use service_type as service_name.
service_name = None
if endpoint_filter:
service_name = endpoint_filter.get('service_name')
if not service_name:
service_name = endpoint_filter.get('service_type')
# Nova uses 'x-compute-request-id' and other services like
# Glance, Cinder etc are using 'x-openstack-request-id' to store
# request-id in the header
request_id = (resp.headers.get('x-openstack-request-id') or
if request_id:
logger.debug('%(method)s call to %(service_name)s for '
'%(url)s used request id '
{'method': resp.request.method,
'service_name': service_name,
'url': resp.url,
'response_request_id': request_id})
# handle getting a 401 Unauthorized response by invalidating the plugin
# and then retrying the request. This is only tried once.
if resp.status_code == 401 and authenticated and allow_reauth:
if self.invalidate(auth):
auth_headers = self.get_auth_headers(auth)
if auth_headers is not None:
resp = send(**kwargs)
if raise_exc and resp.status_code >= 400:
logger.debug('Request returned failure status: %s',
raise exceptions.from_response(resp, method, url)
return resp
def _send_request(self, url, method, redirect, log, logger,
connect_retries, connect_retry_delay=0.5, **kwargs):
# NOTE(jamielennox): We handle redirection manually because the
# requests lib follows some browser patterns where it will redirect
# POSTs as GETs for certain statuses which is not want we want for an
# API. See:
# NOTE(jamielennox): The interaction between retries and redirects are
# handled naively. We will attempt only a maximum number of retries and
# redirects rather than per request limits. Otherwise the extreme case
# could be redirects * retries requests. This will be sufficient in
# most cases and can be fixed properly if there's ever a need.
resp = self.session.request(method, url, **kwargs)
except requests.exceptions.SSLError as e:
msg = 'SSL exception connecting to %(url)s: %(error)s' % {
'url': url, 'error': e}
raise exceptions.SSLError(msg)
except requests.exceptions.Timeout:
msg = 'Request to %s timed out' % url
raise exceptions.ConnectTimeout(msg)
except requests.exceptions.ConnectionError as e:
# NOTE(sdague): urllib3/requests connection error is a
# translation of SocketError. However, SocketError
# happens for many different reasons, and that low
# level message is often really important in figuring
# out the difference between network misconfigurations
# and firewall blocking.
msg = 'Unable to establish connection to %s: %s' % (url, e)
raise exceptions.ConnectFailure(msg)
except requests.exceptions.RequestException as e:
msg = 'Unexpected exception for %(url)s: %(error)s' % {
'url': url, 'error': e}
raise exceptions.UnknownConnectionError(msg, e)
except exceptions.RetriableConnectionFailure as e:
if connect_retries <= 0:
raise'Failure: %(e)s. Retrying in %(delay).1fs.',
{'e': e, 'delay': connect_retry_delay})
return self._send_request(
url, method, redirect, log, logger,
connect_retries=connect_retries - 1,
connect_retry_delay=connect_retry_delay * 2,
if log:
self._http_log_response(response=resp, logger=logger)
if resp.status_code in self._REDIRECT_STATUSES:
# be careful here in python True == 1 and False == 0
if isinstance(redirect, bool):
redirect_allowed = redirect
redirect -= 1
redirect_allowed = redirect >= 0
if not redirect_allowed:
return resp
location = resp.headers['location']
except KeyError:
logger.warning("Failed to redirect request to %s as new "
"location was not provided.", resp.url)
# NOTE(jamielennox): We don't pass through connect_retry_delay.
# This request actually worked so we can reset the delay count.
new_resp = self._send_request(
location, method, redirect, log, logger,
if not isinstance(new_resp.history, list):
new_resp.history = list(new_resp.history)
new_resp.history.insert(0, resp)
resp = new_resp
return resp
def head(self, url, **kwargs):
"""Perform a HEAD request.
This calls :py:meth:`.request()` with ``method`` set to ``HEAD``.
return self.request(url, 'HEAD', **kwargs)
def get(self, url, **kwargs):
"""Perform a GET request.
This calls :py:meth:`.request()` with ``method`` set to ``GET``.
return self.request(url, 'GET', **kwargs)
def post(self, url, **kwargs):
"""Perform a POST request.
This calls :py:meth:`.request()` with ``method`` set to ``POST``.
return self.request(url, 'POST', **kwargs)
def put(self, url, **kwargs):
"""Perform a PUT request.
This calls :py:meth:`.request()` with ``method`` set to ``PUT``.
return self.request(url, 'PUT', **kwargs)
def delete(self, url, **kwargs):
"""Perform a DELETE request.
This calls :py:meth:`.request()` with ``method`` set to ``DELETE``.
return self.request(url, 'DELETE', **kwargs)
def patch(self, url, **kwargs):
"""Perform a PATCH request.
This calls :py:meth:`.request()` with ``method`` set to ``PATCH``.
return self.request(url, 'PATCH', **kwargs)
def _auth_required(self, auth, msg):
if not auth:
auth = self.auth
if not auth:
msg_fmt = 'An auth plugin is required to %s'
raise exceptions.MissingAuthPlugin(msg_fmt % msg)
return auth
def get_auth_headers(self, auth=None, **kwargs):
"""Return auth headers as provided by the auth plugin.
:param auth: The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin
on the session. (optional)
:type auth: keystoneauth1.plugin.BaseAuthPlugin
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth.AuthorizationFailure:
if a new token fetch fails.
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.MissingAuthPlugin:
if a plugin is not available.
:returns: Authentication headers or None for failure.
:rtype: :class:`dict`
auth = self._auth_required(auth, 'fetch a token')
return auth.get_headers(self, **kwargs)
def get_token(self, auth=None):
"""Return a token as provided by the auth plugin.
:param auth: The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin
on the session. (optional)
:type auth: keystoneauth1.plugin.BaseAuthPlugin
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth.AuthorizationFailure:
if a new token fetch fails.
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.MissingAuthPlugin:
if a plugin is not available.
.. warning::
**DEPRECATED**: This assumes that the only header that is used to
authenticate a message is ``X-Auth-Token``. This may not be
correct. Use :meth:`get_auth_headers` instead.
:returns: A valid token.
:rtype: string
return (self.get_auth_headers(auth) or {}).get('X-Auth-Token')
def get_endpoint(self, auth=None, **kwargs):
"""Get an endpoint as provided by the auth plugin.
:param auth: The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on
the session. (optional)
:type auth: keystoneauth1.plugin.BaseAuthPlugin
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.MissingAuthPlugin:
if a plugin is not available.
:returns: An endpoint if available or None.
:rtype: string
auth = self._auth_required(auth, 'determine endpoint URL')
return auth.get_endpoint(self, **kwargs)
def get_auth_connection_params(self, auth=None, **kwargs):
"""Return auth connection params as provided by the auth plugin.
An auth plugin may specify connection parameters to the request like
providing a client certificate for communication.
We restrict the values that may be returned from this function to
prevent an auth plugin overriding values unrelated to connection
parmeters. The values that are currently accepted are:
- `cert`: a path to a client certificate, or tuple of client
certificate and key pair that are used with this request.
- `verify`: a boolean value to indicate verifying SSL certificates
against the system CAs or a path to a CA file to verify with.
These values are passed to the requests library and further information
on accepted values may be found there.
:param auth: The auth plugin to use for tokens. Overrides the plugin
on the session. (optional)
:type auth: keystoneauth1.plugin.BaseAuthPlugin
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth.AuthorizationFailure:
if a new token fetch fails.
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.MissingAuthPlugin:
if a plugin is not available.
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.UnsupportedParameters:
if the plugin returns a parameter that is not supported by this
:returns: Authentication headers or None for failure.
:rtype: :class:`dict`
auth = self._auth_required(auth, 'fetch connection params')
params = auth.get_connection_params(self, **kwargs)
# NOTE(jamielennox): There needs to be some consensus on what
# parameters are allowed to be modified by the auth plugin here.
# Ideally I think it would be only the send() parts of the request
# flow. For now lets just allow certain elements.
params_copy = params.copy()
for arg in ('cert', 'verify'):
kwargs[arg] = params_copy.pop(arg)
except KeyError:
if params_copy:
raise exceptions.UnsupportedParameters(list(params_copy.keys()))
return params
def invalidate(self, auth=None):
"""Invalidate an authentication plugin.
:param auth: The auth plugin to invalidate. Overrides the plugin on the
session. (optional)
:type auth: keystoneauth1.plugin.BaseAuthPlugin
auth = self._auth_required(auth, 'validate')
return auth.invalidate()
def get_user_id(self, auth=None):
"""Return the authenticated user_id as provided by the auth plugin.
:param auth: The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin
on the session. (optional)
:type auth: keystoneauth1.plugin.BaseAuthPlugin
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth.AuthorizationFailure:
if a new token fetch fails.
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.MissingAuthPlugin:
if a plugin is not available.
:returns: Current user_id or None if not supported by plugin.
:rtype: :class:`str`
auth = self._auth_required(auth, 'get user_id')
return auth.get_user_id(self)
def get_project_id(self, auth=None):
"""Return the authenticated project_id as provided by the auth plugin.
:param auth: The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin
on the session. (optional)
:type auth: keystoneauth1.plugin.BaseAuthPlugin
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth.AuthorizationFailure:
if a new token fetch fails.
:raises keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.MissingAuthPlugin:
if a plugin is not available.
:returns: Current project_id or None if not supported by plugin.
:rtype: :class:`str`
auth = self._auth_required(auth, 'get project_id')
return auth.get_project_id(self)
REQUESTS_VERSION = tuple(int(v) for v in requests.__version__.split('.'))
class TCPKeepAliveAdapter(requests.adapters.HTTPAdapter):
"""The custom adapter used to set TCP Keep-Alive on all connections.
This Adapter also preserves the default behaviour of Requests which
disables Nagle's Algorithm. See also:
def init_poolmanager(self, *args, **kwargs):
if 'socket_options' not in kwargs and REQUESTS_VERSION >= (2, 4, 1):
socket_options = [
# Keep Nagle's algorithm off
(socket.IPPROTO_TCP, socket.TCP_NODELAY, 1),
# Turn on TCP Keep-Alive
(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_KEEPALIVE, 1),
# Some operating systems (e.g., OSX) do not support setting
# keepidle
if hasattr(socket, 'TCP_KEEPIDLE'):
socket_options += [
# Wait 60 seconds before sending keep-alive probes
(socket.IPPROTO_TCP, socket.TCP_KEEPIDLE, 60)
# Windows subsystem for Linux does not support this feature
if (hasattr(socket, 'TCP_KEEPCNT') and
not utils.is_windows_linux_subsystem):
socket_options += [
# Set the maximum number of keep-alive probes
(socket.IPPROTO_TCP, socket.TCP_KEEPCNT, 4),
if hasattr(socket, 'TCP_KEEPINTVL'):
socket_options += [
# Send keep-alive probes every 15 seconds
(socket.IPPROTO_TCP, socket.TCP_KEEPINTVL, 15),
# After waiting 60 seconds, and then sending a probe once every 15
# seconds 4 times, these options should ensure that a connection
# hands for no longer than 2 minutes before a ConnectionError is
# raised.
kwargs['socket_options'] = socket_options
super(TCPKeepAliveAdapter, self).init_poolmanager(*args, **kwargs)