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# Copyright 2010 Jacob Kaplan-Moss
# Copyright 2011 Nebula, Inc.
# Copyright 2013 Alessio Ababilov
# Copyright 2013 OpenStack Foundation
# All Rights Reserved.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
"""HTTP Exceptions used by keystoneauth1."""
import inspect
import sys
from keystoneauth1.exceptions import auth
from keystoneauth1.exceptions import base
__all__ = ('HttpError',
class HttpError(base.ClientException):
"""The base exception class for all HTTP exceptions."""
http_status = 0
message = "HTTP Error"
def __init__(self, message=None, details=None,
response=None, request_id=None,
url=None, method=None, http_status=None,
self.http_status = http_status or self.http_status
self.message = message or self.message
self.details = details
self.request_id = request_id
self.response = response
self.url = url
self.method = method
formatted_string = "%s (HTTP %s)" % (self.message, self.http_status)
self.retry_after = retry_after
if request_id:
formatted_string += " (Request-ID: %s)" % request_id
super(HttpError, self).__init__(formatted_string)
class HTTPClientError(HttpError):
"""Client-side HTTP error.
Exception for cases in which the client seems to have erred.
message = "HTTP Client Error"
class HttpServerError(HttpError):
"""Server-side HTTP error.
Exception for cases in which the server is aware that it has
erred or is incapable of performing the request.
message = "HTTP Server Error"
class BadRequest(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 400 - Bad Request.
The request cannot be fulfilled due to bad syntax.
http_status = 400
message = "Bad Request"
class Unauthorized(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 401 - Unauthorized.
Similar to 403 Forbidden, but specifically for use when authentication
is required and has failed or has not yet been provided.
http_status = 401
message = "Unauthorized"
class PaymentRequired(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 402 - Payment Required.
Reserved for future use.
http_status = 402
message = "Payment Required"
class Forbidden(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 403 - Forbidden.
The request was a valid request, but the server is refusing to respond
to it.
http_status = 403
message = "Forbidden"
class NotFound(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 404 - Not Found.
The requested resource could not be found but may be available again
in the future.
http_status = 404
message = "Not Found"
class MethodNotAllowed(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 405 - Method Not Allowed.
A request was made of a resource using a request method not supported
by that resource.
http_status = 405
message = "Method Not Allowed"
class NotAcceptable(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 406 - Not Acceptable.
The requested resource is only capable of generating content not
acceptable according to the Accept headers sent in the request.
http_status = 406
message = "Not Acceptable"
class ProxyAuthenticationRequired(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 407 - Proxy Authentication Required.
The client must first authenticate itself with the proxy.
http_status = 407
message = "Proxy Authentication Required"
class RequestTimeout(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 408 - Request Timeout.
The server timed out waiting for the request.
http_status = 408
message = "Request Timeout"
class Conflict(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 409 - Conflict.
Indicates that the request could not be processed because of conflict
in the request, such as an edit conflict.
http_status = 409
message = "Conflict"
class Gone(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 410 - Gone.
Indicates that the resource requested is no longer available and will
not be available again.
http_status = 410
message = "Gone"
class LengthRequired(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 411 - Length Required.
The request did not specify the length of its content, which is
required by the requested resource.
http_status = 411
message = "Length Required"
class PreconditionFailed(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 412 - Precondition Failed.
The server does not meet one of the preconditions that the requester
put on the request.
http_status = 412
message = "Precondition Failed"
class RequestEntityTooLarge(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 413 - Request Entity Too Large.
The request is larger than the server is willing or able to process.
http_status = 413
message = "Request Entity Too Large"
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.retry_after = int(kwargs.pop('retry_after'))
except (KeyError, ValueError):
self.retry_after = 0
super(RequestEntityTooLarge, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
class RequestUriTooLong(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 414 - Request-URI Too Long.
The URI provided was too long for the server to process.
http_status = 414
message = "Request-URI Too Long"
class UnsupportedMediaType(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 415 - Unsupported Media Type.
The request entity has a media type which the server or resource does
not support.
http_status = 415
message = "Unsupported Media Type"
class RequestedRangeNotSatisfiable(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 416 - Requested Range Not Satisfiable.
The client has asked for a portion of the file, but the server cannot
supply that portion.
http_status = 416
message = "Requested Range Not Satisfiable"
class ExpectationFailed(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 417 - Expectation Failed.
The server cannot meet the requirements of the Expect request-header field.
http_status = 417
message = "Expectation Failed"
class UnprocessableEntity(HTTPClientError):
"""HTTP 422 - Unprocessable Entity.
The request was well-formed but was unable to be followed due to semantic
http_status = 422
message = "Unprocessable Entity"
class InternalServerError(HttpServerError):
"""HTTP 500 - Internal Server Error.
A generic error message, given when no more specific message is suitable.
http_status = 500
message = "Internal Server Error"
# NotImplemented is a python keyword.
class HttpNotImplemented(HttpServerError):
"""HTTP 501 - Not Implemented.
The server either does not recognize the request method, or it lacks
the ability to fulfill the request.
http_status = 501
message = "Not Implemented"
class BadGateway(HttpServerError):
"""HTTP 502 - Bad Gateway.
The server was acting as a gateway or proxy and received an invalid
response from the upstream server.
http_status = 502
message = "Bad Gateway"
class ServiceUnavailable(HttpServerError):
"""HTTP 503 - Service Unavailable.
The server is currently unavailable.
http_status = 503
message = "Service Unavailable"
class GatewayTimeout(HttpServerError):
"""HTTP 504 - Gateway Timeout.
The server was acting as a gateway or proxy and did not receive a timely
response from the upstream server.
http_status = 504
message = "Gateway Timeout"
class HttpVersionNotSupported(HttpServerError):
"""HTTP 505 - HttpVersion Not Supported.
The server does not support the HTTP protocol version used in the request.
http_status = 505
message = "HTTP Version Not Supported"
# _code_map contains all the classes that have http_status attribute.
_code_map = dict(
(getattr(obj, 'http_status', None), obj)
for name, obj in vars(sys.modules[__name__]).items()
if inspect.isclass(obj) and getattr(obj, 'http_status', False)
def from_response(response, method, url):
"""Return an instance of :class:`HttpError` or subclass based on response.
:param response: instance of `requests.Response` class
:param method: HTTP method used for request
:param url: URL used for request
req_id = response.headers.get("x-openstack-request-id")
kwargs = {
"http_status": response.status_code,
"response": response,
"method": method,
"url": url,
"request_id": req_id,
if "retry-after" in response.headers:
kwargs["retry_after"] = response.headers["retry-after"]
content_type = response.headers.get("Content-Type", "")
if content_type.startswith("application/json"):
body = response.json()
except ValueError:
if isinstance(body, dict) and isinstance(body.get("error"), dict):
error = body["error"]
kwargs["message"] = error.get("message")
kwargs["details"] = error.get("details")
elif (isinstance(body, dict) and
isinstance(body.get("errors"), list)):
# if the error response follows the API SIG guidelines, it
# will return a list of errors. in this case, only the first
# error is shown, but if there are multiple the user will be
# alerted to that fact.
errors = body["errors"]
if len(errors) == 0:
# just in case we get an empty array
kwargs["message"] = None
kwargs["details"] = None
if len(errors) > 1:
# if there is more than one error, let the user know
# that multiple were seen.
msg_hdr = ("Multiple error responses, "
"showing first only: ")
msg_hdr = ""
kwargs["message"] = "{}{}".format(msg_hdr,
kwargs["details"] = errors[0].get("detail")
kwargs["message"] = "Unrecognized schema in response body."
elif content_type.startswith("text/"):
kwargs["details"] = response.text
# we check explicity for 401 in case of auth receipts
if (response.status_code == 401
and "Openstack-Auth-Receipt" in response.headers):
return auth.MissingAuthMethods(response)
cls = _code_map[response.status_code]
except KeyError:
if 500 <= response.status_code < 600:
cls = HttpServerError
elif 400 <= response.status_code < 500:
cls = HTTPClientError
cls = HttpError
return cls(**kwargs)