Create a trustee user for each bay
Some services which are running in a bay need to access OpenStack services. For example, Kubernetes load balancer1 needs to access Neutron. Docker registry2 needs to access Swift. In order to access OpenStack services, we can create a trustee for each bay and delegate a limited set of rights to the trustee.3 and4 give a brief introduction to Keystone's trusts mechanism.
Some services which are running in a bay need to access OpenStack services, so we need to pass user credentials into the vms.
- Kubernetes load balancer needs to access Neutron5.
- For persistent storage, Cloud Provider needs to access Cinder to mount/unmount block storage to the node as volume6.
- TLS cert is generated in the vms and need to be uploaded to Magnum7 and 8.
- Docker registry needs to access Swift9.
When a user (the "trustor") wants to create a bay, steps for trust are as follows.
- Create a new service account (the "trustee") without any role in a domain which is dedicated for trust. Without any role, the service account can do nothing in Openstack.
- Define a trust relationship between the trustor and the trustee. The trustor can delegate a limited set of roles to the trustee. We can add an option named trust_roles in baymodel. Users can add roles which they want to delegate into trust_roles. If trust_roles is not provided, we delegate all the roles to the trustee.
- Services in the bay can access OpenStack services with the trustee credentials and the trust.
The roles which are delegated to the trustee should be limited. If the services in the bay only need access to Neutron, we should not allow the services to access to other OpenStack services. But there is a limitation that a trustor must have the role which is delegated to a trustee10.
Magnum now only allows the user who create the bay to get the certificate to avoid the security risk introduced by Docker11. For example, if other users in the same tenant can get the certificate, then they can use Docker API to access the host file system of a bay node and get anything they want:
docker run --rm -v /:/hostroot ubuntu /bin/bash \ -c "cat /hostroot/etc/passwd"
If Keystone doesn't allow to create new serivce accounts when LDAP is used as the backend for Keystone, we can use a pre-create service account for all bays. In this situation, all the bays use the same service account and different trust. We should add an config option to choose this method.
Magnum can create a user for each bay with roles to access OpenStack Services in a dedicated domain. The method has one disadvantage. The user which is created by magnum may get the access to OpenStack services which this user can not access before. For example, a user can not access Swift service and create a bay. Then Magnum create a service account for this bay with roles to access Swift. If the user logins into the vms and get the credentials, the user can use these credentials to access Swift.
Or Magnum doesn't prepare credentials and the user who create a bay needs to login into the nodes to manully add credentials in config files for services.
Data model impact
Trustee id, trustee password and trust id are added to Bay table in Magnum database.
REST API impact
Only the user who create a bay can get the certificate of this bay. Other users in the same tenant can not get the certificate now.
Trustee id and trustee password are encrypted in magnum database. When Magnum passes these parameters to heat to create a stack, the transmission is encrypted by tls, so we don't need to encrypt these credentials. These credentials are hidden in heat, users can not query them in stack parameters.
Trustee id, trustee password and trust id can be obtained in the vms. Anyone who can login into the vms can get them and use these credentials to access OpenStack services. In a production environment, these vms must be secured properly to prevent unauthorized access.
Only the user who create the bay can get the certificate to access the COE api, so it is not a security risk even if the COE api is not safe.
Other end user impact
Other deployer impact
- Primary assignee:
- Other contributors:
- Create an trustee for each bay.
- Change the policy so that only the user who create a bay can get the certificate of the bay.
Unit test and functional test for service accounts and the policy change.
The user guide and troubleshooting guide will be updated with details regarding the service accounts.