Container Infrastructure Management Service for OpenStack
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# Copyright ? 2012 New Dream Network, LLC (DreamHost)
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
Middleware to replace the plain text message body of an error
response with one formatted so the client can parse it.
Based on pecan.middleware.errordocument
import json
from xml import etree as et
import webob
from magnum.openstack.common._i18n import _
from magnum.openstack.common._i18n import _LE
from magnum.openstack.common import log
LOG = log.getLogger(__name__)
class ParsableErrorMiddleware(object):
"""Replace error body with something the client can parse."""
def __init__(self, app): = app
def __call__(self, environ, start_response):
# Request for this state, modified by replace_start_response()
# and used when an error is being reported.
state = {}
def replacement_start_response(status, headers, exc_info=None):
"""Overrides the default response to make errors parsable."""
status_code = int(status.split(' ')[0])
state['status_code'] = status_code
except (ValueError, TypeError): # pragma: nocover
raise Exception(_(
'ErrorDocumentMiddleware received an invalid '
'status %s') % status)
if (state['status_code'] // 100) not in (2, 3):
# Remove some headers so we can replace them later
# when we have the full error message and can
# compute the length.
headers = [(h, v)
for (h, v) in headers
if h not in ('Content-Length', 'Content-Type')
# Save the headers in case we need to modify them.
state['headers'] = headers
return start_response(status, headers, exc_info)
app_iter =, replacement_start_response)
if (state['status_code'] // 100) not in (2, 3):
req = webob.Request(environ)
if (req.accept.best_match(['application/json', 'application/xml'])
== 'application/xml'):
# simple check xml is valid
body = [et.ElementTree.tostring(
+ '\n'.join(app_iter)
+ '</error_message>'))]
except et.ElementTree.ParseError as err:
LOG.error(_LE('Error parsing HTTP response: %s'), err)
body = ['<error_message>%s' % state['status_code']
+ '</error_message>']
state['headers'].append(('Content-Type', 'application/xml'))
body = [json.dumps({'error_message': '\n'.join(app_iter)})]
state['headers'].append(('Content-Type', 'application/json'))
state['headers'].append(('Content-Length', len(body[0])))
body = app_iter
return body