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# Copyright 2013 IBM Corp.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
"""Magnum common internal object model"""
import collections
import copy
from oslo_context import context as oslo_context
import oslo_messaging as messaging
import six
from magnum.common import exception
from magnum.objects import utils as obj_utils
from magnum.openstack.common._i18n import _
from magnum.openstack.common._i18n import _LE
from magnum.openstack.common import log as logging
from magnum.openstack.common import versionutils
LOG = logging.getLogger('object')
class NotSpecifiedSentinel(object):
def get_attrname(name):
"""Return the mangled name of the attribute's underlying storage."""
return '_%s' % name
def make_class_properties(cls):
# NOTE(danms/comstud): Inherit fields from super classes.
# mro() returns the current class first and returns 'object' last, so
# those can be skipped. Also be careful to not overwrite any fields
# that already exist. And make sure each cls has its own copy of
# fields and that it is not sharing the dict with a super class.
cls.fields = dict(cls.fields)
for supercls in cls.mro()[1:-1]:
if not hasattr(supercls, 'fields'):
for name, field in supercls.fields.items():
if name not in cls.fields:
cls.fields[name] = field
for name, typefn in cls.fields.iteritems():
def getter(self, name=name):
attrname = get_attrname(name)
if not hasattr(self, attrname):
return getattr(self, attrname)
def setter(self, value, name=name, typefn=typefn):
return setattr(self, get_attrname(name), typefn(value))
except Exception:
attr = "%s.%s" % (self.obj_name(), name)
LOG.exception(_LE('Error setting %(attr)s'),
{'attr': attr})
setattr(cls, name, property(getter, setter))
class MagnumObjectMetaclass(type):
"""Metaclass that allows tracking of object classes."""
# NOTE(danms): This is what controls whether object operations are
# remoted. If this is not None, use it to remote things over RPC.
indirection_api = None
def __init__(cls, names, bases, dict_):
if not hasattr(cls, '_obj_classes'):
# This will be set in the 'MagnumObject' class.
cls._obj_classes = collections.defaultdict(list)
# Add the subclass to MagnumObject._obj_classes
# These are decorators that mark an object's method as remotable.
# If the metaclass is configured to forward object methods to an
# indirection service, these will result in making an RPC call
# instead of directly calling the implementation in the object. Instead,
# the object implementation on the remote end will perform the
# requested action and the result will be returned here.
def remotable_classmethod(fn):
"""Decorator for remotable classmethods."""
def wrapper(cls, context, *args, **kwargs):
if MagnumObject.indirection_api:
result = MagnumObject.indirection_api.object_class_action(
context, cls.obj_name(), fn.__name__, cls.VERSION,
args, kwargs)
result = fn(cls, context, *args, **kwargs)
if isinstance(result, MagnumObject):
result._context = context
return result
return classmethod(wrapper)
# See comment above for remotable_classmethod()
# Note that this will use either the provided context, or the one
# stashed in the object. If neither are present, the object is
# "orphaned" and remotable methods cannot be called.
def remotable(fn):
"""Decorator for remotable object methods."""
def wrapper(self, *args, **kwargs):
context = self._context
if isinstance(args[0], (oslo_context.RequestContext)):
context = args[0]
args = args[1:]
except IndexError:
if context is None:
raise exception.OrphanedObjectError(method=fn.__name__,
if MagnumObject.indirection_api:
updates, result = MagnumObject.indirection_api.object_action(
context, self, fn.__name__, args, kwargs)
for key, value in updates.iteritems():
if key in self.fields:
self[key] = self._attr_from_primitive(key, value)
self._changed_fields = set(updates.get('obj_what_changed', []))
return result
return fn(self, context, *args, **kwargs)
return wrapper
# Object versioning rules
# Each service has its set of objects, each with a version attached. When
# a client attempts to call an object method, the server checks to see if
# the version of that object matches (in a compatible way) its object
# implementation. If so, cool, and if not, fail.
def check_object_version(server, client):
client_major, _client_minor = client.split('.')
server_major, _server_minor = server.split('.')
client_minor = int(_client_minor)
server_minor = int(_server_minor)
except ValueError:
raise exception.IncompatibleObjectVersion(
_('Invalid version string'))
if client_major != server_major:
raise exception.IncompatibleObjectVersion(
dict(client=client_major, server=server_major))
if client_minor > server_minor:
raise exception.IncompatibleObjectVersion(
dict(client=client_minor, server=server_minor))
class MagnumObject(object):
"""Base class and object factory.
This forms the base of all objects that can be remoted or instantiated
via RPC. Simply defining a class that inherits from this base class
will make it remotely instantiatable. Objects should implement the
necessary "get" classmethod routines as well as "save" object methods
as appropriate.
# Version of this object (see rules above check_object_version())
VERSION = '1.0'
# The fields present in this object as key:typefn pairs. For example:
# fields = { 'foo': int,
# 'bar': str,
# 'baz': lambda x: str(x).ljust(8),
# }
# NOTE(danms): The base MagnumObject class' fields will be inherited
# by subclasses, but that is a special case. Objects inheriting from
# other objects will not receive this merging of fields contents.
fields = {
'created_at': obj_utils.datetime_or_str_or_none,
'updated_at': obj_utils.datetime_or_str_or_none,
obj_extra_fields = []
_attr_created_at_from_primitive = obj_utils.dt_deserializer
_attr_updated_at_from_primitive = obj_utils.dt_deserializer
_attr_created_at_to_primitive = obj_utils.dt_serializer('created_at')
_attr_updated_at_to_primitive = obj_utils.dt_serializer('updated_at')
def __init__(self, context, **kwargs):
self._changed_fields = set()
self._context = context
def obj_name(cls):
"""Get canonical object name.
This object name will be used over the wire for remote hydration.
return cls.__name__
def obj_class_from_name(cls, objname, objver):
"""Returns a class from the registry based on a name and version."""
if objname not in cls._obj_classes:
LOG.error(_LE('Unable to instantiate unregistered object type '
'%(objtype)s'), dict(objtype=objname))
raise exception.UnsupportedObjectError(objtype=objname)
latest = None
compatible_match = None
for objclass in cls._obj_classes[objname]:
if objclass.VERSION == objver:
return objclass
version_bits = tuple([int(x) for x in objclass.VERSION.split(".")])
if latest is None:
latest = version_bits
elif latest < version_bits:
latest = version_bits
if versionutils.is_compatible(objver, objclass.VERSION):
compatible_match = objclass
if compatible_match:
return compatible_match
latest_ver = '%i.%i' % latest
raise exception.IncompatibleObjectVersion(objname=objname,
def _attr_from_primitive(self, attribute, value):
"""Attribute deserialization dispatcher.
This calls self._attr_foo_from_primitive(value) for an attribute
foo with value, if it exists, otherwise it assumes the value
is suitable for the attribute's setter method.
handler = '_attr_%s_from_primitive' % attribute
if hasattr(self, handler):
return getattr(self, handler)(value)
return value
def _obj_from_primitive(cls, context, objver, primitive):
self = cls(context)
self.VERSION = objver
objdata = primitive['']
changes = primitive.get('magnum_object.changes', [])
for name in self.fields:
if name in objdata:
setattr(self, name,
self._attr_from_primitive(name, objdata[name]))
self._changed_fields = set([x for x in changes if x in self.fields])
return self
def obj_from_primitive(cls, primitive, context=None):
"""Simple base-case hydration.
This calls self._attr_from_primitive() for each item in fields.
if primitive['magnum_object.namespace'] != 'magnum':
# NOTE(danms): We don't do anything with this now, but it's
# there for "the future"
raise exception.UnsupportedObjectError(
objtype='%s.%s' % (primitive['magnum_object.namespace'],
objname = primitive['']
objver = primitive['magnum_object.version']
objclass = cls.obj_class_from_name(objname, objver)
return objclass._obj_from_primitive(context, objver, primitive)
def __deepcopy__(self, memo):
"""Efficiently make a deep copy of this object."""
# NOTE(danms): A naive deepcopy would copy more than we need,
# and since we have knowledge of the volatile bits of the
# object, we can be smarter here. Also, nested entities within
# some objects may be uncopyable, so we can avoid those sorts
# of issues by copying only our field data.
nobj = self.__class__(self._context)
for name in self.fields:
if self.obj_attr_is_set(name):
nval = copy.deepcopy(getattr(self, name), memo)
setattr(nobj, name, nval)
nobj._changed_fields = set(self._changed_fields)
return nobj
def obj_clone(self):
"""Create a copy."""
return copy.deepcopy(self)
def _attr_to_primitive(self, attribute):
"""Attribute serialization dispatcher.
This calls self._attr_foo_to_primitive() for an attribute foo,
if it exists, otherwise it assumes the attribute itself is
primitive-enough to be sent over the RPC wire.
handler = '_attr_%s_to_primitive' % attribute
if hasattr(self, handler):
return getattr(self, handler)()
return getattr(self, attribute)
def obj_to_primitive(self):
"""Simple base-case dehydration.
This calls self._attr_to_primitive() for each item in fields.
primitive = dict()
for name in self.fields:
if hasattr(self, get_attrname(name)):
primitive[name] = self._attr_to_primitive(name)
obj = {'': self.obj_name(),
'magnum_object.namespace': 'magnum',
'magnum_object.version': self.VERSION,
'': primitive}
if self.obj_what_changed():
obj['magnum_object.changes'] = list(self.obj_what_changed())
return obj
def obj_load_attr(self, attrname):
"""Load an additional attribute from the real object.
This should use self._conductor, and cache any data that might
be useful for future load operations.
raise NotImplementedError(
_("Cannot load '%(attrname)s' in the base class") %
{'attrname': attrname})
def save(self, context):
"""Save the changed fields back to the store.
This is optional for subclasses, but is presented here in the base
class for consistency among those that do.
raise NotImplementedError(_("Cannot save anything in the base class"))
def obj_get_changes(self):
"""Returns a dict of changed fields and their new values."""
changes = {}
for key in self.obj_what_changed():
changes[key] = self[key]
return changes
def obj_what_changed(self):
"""Returns a set of fields that have been modified."""
return self._changed_fields
def obj_reset_changes(self, fields=None):
"""Reset the list of fields that have been changed.
Note that this is NOT "revert to previous values"
if fields:
self._changed_fields -= set(fields)
def obj_attr_is_set(self, attrname):
"""Test object to see if attrname is present.
Returns True if the named attribute has a value set, or
False if not. Raises AttributeError if attrname is not
a valid attribute for this object.
if attrname not in self.obj_fields:
raise AttributeError(
_("%(objname)s object has no attribute '%(attrname)s'") %
{'objname': self.obj_name(), 'attrname': attrname})
return hasattr(self, get_attrname(attrname))
def obj_fields(self):
return self.fields.keys() + self.obj_extra_fields
# dictish syntactic sugar
def iteritems(self):
"""For backwards-compatibility with dict-based objects.
NOTE(danms): May be removed in the future.
for name in self.fields.keys() + self.obj_extra_fields:
if (hasattr(self, get_attrname(name)) or
name in self.obj_extra_fields):
yield name, getattr(self, name)
items = lambda self: list(self.iteritems())
def __getitem__(self, name):
"""For backwards-compatibility with dict-based objects.
NOTE(danms): May be removed in the future.
return getattr(self, name)
def __setitem__(self, name, value):
"""For backwards-compatibility with dict-based objects.
NOTE(danms): May be removed in the future.
setattr(self, name, value)
def __contains__(self, name):
"""For backwards-compatibility with dict-based objects.
NOTE(danms): May be removed in the future.
return hasattr(self, get_attrname(name))
def get(self, key, value=NotSpecifiedSentinel):
"""For backwards-compatibility with dict-based objects.
NOTE(danms): May be removed in the future.
if key not in self.obj_fields:
raise AttributeError(
_("'%(objclass)s' object has no attribute '%(attrname)s'") %
{'objclass': self.__class__, 'attrname': key})
if value != NotSpecifiedSentinel and not self.obj_attr_is_set(key):
return value
return self[key]
def update(self, updates):
"""For backwards-compatibility with dict-base objects.
NOTE(danms): May be removed in the future.
for key, value in updates.items():
self[key] = value
def as_dict(self):
return dict((k, getattr(self, k))
for k in self.fields
if hasattr(self, k))
class ObjectListBase(object):
"""Mixin class for lists of objects.
This mixin class can be added as a base class for an object that
is implementing a list of objects. It adds a single field of 'objects',
which is the list store, and behaves like a list itself. It supports
serialization of the list of objects automatically.
fields = {
'objects': list,
# This is a dictionary of my_version:child_version mappings so that
# we can support backleveling our contents based on the version
# requested of the list object.
child_versions = {}
def __iter__(self):
"""List iterator interface."""
return iter(self.objects)
def __len__(self):
"""List length."""
return len(self.objects)
def __getitem__(self, index):
"""List index access."""
if isinstance(index, slice):
new_obj = self.__class__(self._context)
new_obj.objects = self.objects[index]
# NOTE(danms): We must be mixed in with an MagnumObject!
return new_obj
return self.objects[index]
def __contains__(self, value):
"""List membership test."""
return value in self.objects
def count(self, value):
"""List count of value occurrences."""
return self.objects.count(value)
def index(self, value):
"""List index of value."""
return self.objects.index(value)
def _attr_objects_to_primitive(self):
"""Serialization of object list."""
return [x.obj_to_primitive() for x in self.objects]
def _attr_objects_from_primitive(self, value):
"""Deserialization of object list."""
objects = []
for entity in value:
obj = MagnumObject.obj_from_primitive(entity,
return objects
def obj_make_compatible(self, primitive, target_version):
primitives = primitive['objects']
child_target_version = self.child_versions.get(target_version, '1.0')
for index, item in enumerate(self.objects):
primitives[index]['magnum_object.version'] = child_target_version
def obj_what_changed(self):
changes = set(self._changed_fields)
for child in self.objects:
if child.obj_what_changed():
return changes
class MagnumObjectSerializer(messaging.NoOpSerializer):
"""A MagnumObject-aware Serializer.
This implements the Oslo Serializer interface and provides the
ability to serialize and deserialize MagnumObject entities. Any service
that needs to accept or return MagnumObjects as arguments or result values
should pass this to its RpcProxy and RpcDispatcher objects.
def _process_iterable(self, context, action_fn, values):
"""Process an iterable, taking an action on each value.
:param:context: Request context
:param:action_fn: Action to take on each item in values
:param:values: Iterable container of things to take action on
:returns: A new container of the same type (except set) with
items from values having had action applied.
iterable = values.__class__
if iterable == set:
# NOTE(danms): A set can't have an unhashable value inside, such as
# a dict. Convert sets to tuples, which is fine, since we can't
# send them over RPC anyway.
iterable = tuple
return iterable([action_fn(context, value) for value in values])
def serialize_entity(self, context, entity):
if isinstance(entity, (tuple, list, set)):
entity = self._process_iterable(context, self.serialize_entity,
elif (hasattr(entity, 'obj_to_primitive') and
entity = entity.obj_to_primitive()
return entity
def deserialize_entity(self, context, entity):
if isinstance(entity, dict) and '' in entity:
entity = MagnumObject.obj_from_primitive(entity, context=context)
elif isinstance(entity, (tuple, list, set)):
entity = self._process_iterable(context, self.deserialize_entity,
return entity
def obj_to_primitive(obj):
"""Recursively turn an object into a python primitive.
An MagnumObject becomes a dict, and anything that implements ObjectListBase
becomes a list.
if isinstance(obj, ObjectListBase):
return [obj_to_primitive(x) for x in obj]
elif isinstance(obj, MagnumObject):
result = {}
for key, value in obj.iteritems():
result[key] = obj_to_primitive(value)
return result
return obj