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# Copyright (c) 2012, Cloudscaling
# All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
import ast
import re
import six
import pep8
"""
Guidelines for writing new hacking checks
- Use only for Manila specific tests. OpenStack general tests
should be submitted to the common 'hacking' module.
- Pick numbers in the range M3xx. Find the current test with
the highest allocated number and then pick the next value.
- Keep the test method code in the source file ordered based
on the M3xx value.
- List the new rule in the top level HACKING.rst file
- Add test cases for each new rule to manila/tests/test_hacking.py
"""
UNDERSCORE_IMPORT_FILES = []
translated_log = re.compile(
r"(.)*LOG\."
r"(audit|debug|error|info|warn|warning|critical|exception)"
r"\("
r"(_|_LE|_LI|_LW)"
r"\(")
string_translation = re.compile(r"[^_]*_\(\s*('|\")")
underscore_import_check = re.compile(r"(.)*import _$")
underscore_import_check_multi = re.compile(r"(.)*import (.)*_, (.)*")
# We need this for cases where they have created their own _ function.
custom_underscore_check = re.compile(r"(.)*_\s*=\s*(.)*")
oslo_namespace_imports = re.compile(r"from[\s]*oslo[.](.*)")
dict_constructor_with_list_copy_re = re.compile(r".*\bdict\((\[)?(\(|\[)")
assert_no_xrange_re = re.compile(r"\s*xrange\s*\(")
assert_True = re.compile(r".*assertEqual\(True, .*\)")
no_log_warn = re.compile(r"\s*LOG.warn\(.*")
class BaseASTChecker(ast.NodeVisitor):
"""Provides a simple framework for writing AST-based checks.
Subclasses should implement visit_* methods like any other AST visitor
implementation. When they detect an error for a particular node the
method should call ``self.add_error(offending_node)``. Details about
where in the code the error occurred will be pulled from the node
object.
Subclasses should also provide a class variable named CHECK_DESC to
be used for the human readable error message.
"""
CHECK_DESC = 'No check message specified'
def __init__(self, tree, filename):
"""This object is created automatically by pep8.
:param tree: an AST tree
:param filename: name of the file being analyzed
(ignored by our checks)
"""
self._tree = tree
self._errors = []
def run(self):
"""Called automatically by pep8."""
self.visit(self._tree)
return self._errors
def add_error(self, node, message=None):
"""Add an error caused by a node to the list of errors for pep8."""
message = message or self.CHECK_DESC
error = (node.lineno, node.col_offset, message, self.__class__)
self._errors.append(error)
def _check_call_names(self, call_node, names):
if isinstance(call_node, ast.Call):
if isinstance(call_node.func, ast.Name):
if call_node.func.id in names:
return True
return False
def no_translate_logs(logical_line):
if translated_log.match(logical_line):
yield(0, "M359 Don't translate log messages!")
class CheckLoggingFormatArgs(BaseASTChecker):
"""Check for improper use of logging format arguments.
LOG.debug("Volume %s caught fire and is at %d degrees C and climbing.",
('volume1', 500))
The format arguments should not be a tuple as it is easy to miss.
"""
CHECK_DESC = 'M310 Log method arguments should not be a tuple.'
LOG_METHODS = [
'debug', 'info',
'warn', 'warning',
'error', 'exception',
'critical', 'fatal',
'trace', 'log'
]
def _find_name(self, node):
"""Return the fully qualified name or a Name or Attribute."""
if isinstance(node, ast.Name):
return node.id
elif (isinstance(node, ast.Attribute)
and isinstance(node.value, (ast.Name, ast.Attribute))):
method_name = node.attr
obj_name = self._find_name(node.value)
if obj_name is None:
return None
return obj_name + '.' + method_name
elif isinstance(node, six.string_types):
return node
else: # could be Subscript, Call or many more
return None
def visit_Call(self, node):
"""Look for the 'LOG.*' calls."""
# extract the obj_name and method_name
if isinstance(node.func, ast.Attribute):
obj_name = self._find_name(node.func.value)
if isinstance(node.func.value, ast.Name):
method_name = node.func.attr
elif isinstance(node.func.value, ast.Attribute):
obj_name = self._find_name(node.func.value)
method_name = node.func.attr
else: # could be Subscript, Call or many more
return super(CheckLoggingFormatArgs, self).generic_visit(node)
# obj must be a logger instance and method must be a log helper
if (obj_name != 'LOG'
or method_name not in self.LOG_METHODS):
return super(CheckLoggingFormatArgs, self).generic_visit(node)
# the call must have arguments
if not len(node.args):
return super(CheckLoggingFormatArgs, self).generic_visit(node)
# any argument should not be a tuple
for arg in node.args:
if isinstance(arg, ast.Tuple):
self.add_error(arg)
return super(CheckLoggingFormatArgs, self).generic_visit(node)
def check_explicit_underscore_import(logical_line, filename):
"""Check for explicit import of the _ function
We need to ensure that any files that are using the _() function
to translate logs are explicitly importing the _ function. We
can't trust unit test to catch whether the import has been
added so we need to check for it here.
"""
# Build a list of the files that have _ imported. No further
# checking needed once it is found.
if filename in UNDERSCORE_IMPORT_FILES:
pass
elif (underscore_import_check.match(logical_line) or
underscore_import_check_multi.match(logical_line) or
custom_underscore_check.match(logical_line)):
UNDERSCORE_IMPORT_FILES.append(filename)
elif string_translation.match(logical_line):
yield(0, "M323: Found use of _() without explicit import of _ !")
class CheckForStrUnicodeExc(BaseASTChecker):
"""Checks for the use of str() or unicode() on an exception.
This currently only handles the case where str() or unicode()
is used in the scope of an exception handler. If the exception
is passed into a function, returned from an assertRaises, or
used on an exception created in the same scope, this does not
catch it.
"""
CHECK_DESC = ('M325 str() and unicode() cannot be used on an '
'exception. Remove or use six.text_type()')
def __init__(self, tree, filename):
super(CheckForStrUnicodeExc, self).__init__(tree, filename)
self.name = []
self.already_checked = []
# Python 2
def visit_TryExcept(self, node):
for handler in node.handlers:
if handler.name:
self.name.append(handler.name.id)
super(CheckForStrUnicodeExc, self).generic_visit(node)
self.name = self.name[:-1]
else:
super(CheckForStrUnicodeExc, self).generic_visit(node)
# Python 3
def visit_ExceptHandler(self, node):
if node.name:
self.name.append(node.name)
super(CheckForStrUnicodeExc, self).generic_visit(node)
self.name = self.name[:-1]
else:
super(CheckForStrUnicodeExc, self).generic_visit(node)
def visit_Call(self, node):
if self._check_call_names(node, ['str', 'unicode']):
if node not in self.already_checked:
self.already_checked.append(node)
if isinstance(node.args[0], ast.Name):
if node.args[0].id in self.name:
self.add_error(node.args[0])
super(CheckForStrUnicodeExc, self).generic_visit(node)
class CheckForTransAdd(BaseASTChecker):
"""Checks for the use of concatenation on a translated string.
Translations should not be concatenated with other strings, but
should instead include the string being added to the translated
string to give the translators the most information.
"""
CHECK_DESC = ('M326 Translated messages cannot be concatenated. '
'String should be included in translated message.')
TRANS_FUNC = ['_', '_LI', '_LW', '_LE', '_LC']
def visit_BinOp(self, node):
if isinstance(node.op, ast.Add):
if self._check_call_names(node.left, self.TRANS_FUNC):
self.add_error(node.left)
elif self._check_call_names(node.right, self.TRANS_FUNC):
self.add_error(node.right)
super(CheckForTransAdd, self).generic_visit(node)
def check_oslo_namespace_imports(logical_line, physical_line, filename):
if pep8.noqa(physical_line):
return
if re.match(oslo_namespace_imports, logical_line):
msg = ("M333: '%s' must be used instead of '%s'.") % (
logical_line.replace('oslo.', 'oslo_'),
logical_line)
yield(0, msg)
def dict_constructor_with_list_copy(logical_line):
msg = ("M336: Must use a dict comprehension instead of a dict constructor"
" with a sequence of key-value pairs."
)
if dict_constructor_with_list_copy_re.match(logical_line):
yield (0, msg)
def no_xrange(logical_line):
if assert_no_xrange_re.match(logical_line):
yield(0, "M337: Do not use xrange().")
def validate_assertTrue(logical_line):
if re.match(assert_True, logical_line):
msg = ("M313: Unit tests should use assertTrue(value) instead"
" of using assertEqual(True, value).")
yield(0, msg)
def check_uuid4(logical_line):
"""Generating UUID
Use oslo_utils.uuidutils to generate UUID instead of uuid4().
M354
"""
msg = ("M354: Use oslo_utils.uuidutils to generate UUID instead "
"of uuid4().")
if "uuid4()." in logical_line:
return
if "uuid4()" in logical_line:
yield (0, msg)
def no_log_warn_check(logical_line):
"""Disallow 'LOG.warn'
Deprecated LOG.warn(), instead use LOG.warning
://bugs.launchpad.net/manila/+bug/1508442
M338
"""
msg = ("M338: LOG.warn is deprecated, use LOG.warning.")
if re.match(no_log_warn, logical_line):
yield(0, msg)
def factory(register):
register(check_explicit_underscore_import)
register(no_translate_logs)
register(CheckForStrUnicodeExc)
register(CheckLoggingFormatArgs)
register(CheckForTransAdd)
register(check_oslo_namespace_imports)
register(dict_constructor_with_list_copy)
register(no_xrange)
register(validate_assertTrue)
register(check_uuid4)
register(no_log_warn_check)