OpenStack Networking (Neutron)
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# Copyright (c) 2013 OpenStack Foundation
# All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
import abc
import itertools
import operator
import netaddr
from neutron_lib.agent import topics
from neutron_lib import constants as p_const
from neutron_lib import context
from neutron_lib.db import api as lib_db_api
from neutron_lib import exceptions as exc
from neutron_lib.plugins.ml2 import api
from neutron_lib.plugins import utils as plugin_utils
from oslo_config import cfg
from oslo_db import exception as db_exc
from oslo_log import log
import six
from six import moves
from sqlalchemy import or_
from neutron._i18n import _
from neutron.db import api as db_api
from neutron.objects import base as base_obj
from neutron.plugins.ml2.drivers import helpers
LOG = log.getLogger(__name__)
TUNNEL = 'tunnel'
def chunks(iterable, chunk_size):
"""Chunks data into chunk with size<=chunk_size."""
iterator = iter(iterable)
chunk = list(itertools.islice(iterator, 0, chunk_size))
while chunk:
yield chunk
chunk = list(itertools.islice(iterator, 0, chunk_size))
@six.add_metaclass(abc.ABCMeta)
class _TunnelTypeDriverBase(helpers.SegmentTypeDriver):
BULK_SIZE = 100
def __init__(self, model):
super(_TunnelTypeDriverBase, self).__init__(model)
self.segmentation_key = next(iter(self.primary_keys))
@abc.abstractmethod
def add_endpoint(self, ip, host):
"""Register the endpoint in the type_driver database.
:param ip: the IP address of the endpoint
:param host: the Host name of the endpoint
"""
@abc.abstractmethod
def get_endpoints(self):
"""Get every endpoint managed by the type_driver
:returns: a list of dict [{ip_address:endpoint_ip, host:endpoint_host},
..]
"""
@abc.abstractmethod
def get_endpoint_by_host(self, host):
"""Get endpoint for a given host managed by the type_driver
:param host: the Host name of the endpoint
if host found in type_driver database
:returns: db object for that particular host
else
:returns: None
"""
@abc.abstractmethod
def get_endpoint_by_ip(self, ip):
"""Get endpoint for a given tunnel ip managed by the type_driver
:param ip: the IP address of the endpoint
if ip found in type_driver database
:returns: db object for that particular ip
else
:returns: None
"""
@abc.abstractmethod
def delete_endpoint(self, ip):
"""Delete the endpoint in the type_driver database.
:param ip: the IP address of the endpoint
"""
@abc.abstractmethod
def delete_endpoint_by_host_or_ip(self, host, ip):
"""Delete the endpoint in the type_driver database.
This function will delete any endpoint matching the specified
ip or host.
:param host: the host name of the endpoint
:param ip: the IP address of the endpoint
"""
def _initialize(self, raw_tunnel_ranges):
self.tunnel_ranges = []
self._parse_tunnel_ranges(raw_tunnel_ranges, self.tunnel_ranges)
self.sync_allocations()
def _parse_tunnel_ranges(self, tunnel_ranges, current_range):
for entry in tunnel_ranges:
entry = entry.strip()
try:
tun_min, tun_max = entry.split(':')
tun_min = tun_min.strip()
tun_max = tun_max.strip()
tunnel_range = int(tun_min), int(tun_max)
except ValueError as ex:
raise exc.NetworkTunnelRangeError(tunnel_range=entry, error=ex)
plugin_utils.verify_tunnel_range(tunnel_range, self.get_type())
current_range.append(tunnel_range)
LOG.info("%(type)s ID ranges: %(range)s",
{'type': self.get_type(), 'range': current_range})
@lib_db_api.retry_db_errors
def sync_allocations(self):
# determine current configured allocatable tunnel ids
tunnel_ids = set()
for tun_min, tun_max in self.tunnel_ranges:
tunnel_ids |= set(moves.range(tun_min, tun_max + 1))
tunnel_id_getter = operator.attrgetter(self.segmentation_key)
tunnel_col = getattr(self.model, self.segmentation_key)
ctx = context.get_admin_context()
with db_api.context_manager.writer.using(ctx):
# remove from table unallocated tunnels not currently allocatable
# fetch results as list via all() because we'll be iterating
# through them twice
allocs = ctx.session.query(self.model).all()
# collect those vnis that needs to be deleted from db
unallocateds = (
tunnel_id_getter(a) for a in allocs if not a.allocated)
to_remove = (x for x in unallocateds if x not in tunnel_ids)
# Immediately delete tunnels in chunks. This leaves no work for
# flush at the end of transaction
for chunk in chunks(to_remove, self.BULK_SIZE):
(ctx.session.query(self.model).filter(tunnel_col.in_(chunk)).
filter_by(allocated=False).delete(synchronize_session=False))
# collect vnis that need to be added
existings = {tunnel_id_getter(a) for a in allocs}
missings = list(tunnel_ids - existings)
for chunk in chunks(missings, self.BULK_SIZE):
bulk = [{self.segmentation_key: x, 'allocated': False}
for x in chunk]
ctx.session.execute(self.model.__table__.insert(), bulk)
def is_partial_segment(self, segment):
return segment.get(api.SEGMENTATION_ID) is None
def validate_provider_segment(self, segment):
physical_network = segment.get(api.PHYSICAL_NETWORK)
if physical_network:
msg = _("provider:physical_network specified for %s "
"network") % segment.get(api.NETWORK_TYPE)
raise exc.InvalidInput(error_message=msg)
for key, value in segment.items():
if value and key not in [api.NETWORK_TYPE,
api.SEGMENTATION_ID]:
msg = (_("%(key)s prohibited for %(tunnel)s provider network"),
{'key': key, 'tunnel': segment.get(api.NETWORK_TYPE)})
raise exc.InvalidInput(error_message=msg)
def get_mtu(self, physical_network=None):
seg_mtu = super(_TunnelTypeDriverBase, self).get_mtu()
mtu = []
if seg_mtu > 0:
mtu.append(seg_mtu)
if cfg.CONF.ml2.path_mtu > 0:
mtu.append(cfg.CONF.ml2.path_mtu)
version = cfg.CONF.ml2.overlay_ip_version
ip_header_length = p_const.IP_HEADER_LENGTH[version]
return min(mtu) - ip_header_length if mtu else 0
@six.add_metaclass(abc.ABCMeta)
class TunnelTypeDriver(_TunnelTypeDriverBase):
"""Define stable abstract interface for ML2 type drivers.
tunnel type networks rely on tunnel endpoints. This class defines abstract
methods to manage these endpoints.
ML2 type driver that passes session to functions:
- reserve_provider_segment
- allocate_tenant_segment
- release_segment
- get_allocation
"""
def reserve_provider_segment(self, session, segment):
if self.is_partial_segment(segment):
alloc = self.allocate_partially_specified_segment(session)
if not alloc:
raise exc.NoNetworkAvailable()
else:
segmentation_id = segment.get(api.SEGMENTATION_ID)
alloc = self.allocate_fully_specified_segment(
session, **{self.segmentation_key: segmentation_id})
if not alloc:
raise exc.TunnelIdInUse(tunnel_id=segmentation_id)
return {api.NETWORK_TYPE: self.get_type(),
api.PHYSICAL_NETWORK: None,
api.SEGMENTATION_ID: getattr(alloc, self.segmentation_key),
api.MTU: self.get_mtu()}
def allocate_tenant_segment(self, session):
alloc = self.allocate_partially_specified_segment(session)
if not alloc:
return
return {api.NETWORK_TYPE: self.get_type(),
api.PHYSICAL_NETWORK: None,
api.SEGMENTATION_ID: getattr(alloc, self.segmentation_key),
api.MTU: self.get_mtu()}
def release_segment(self, session, segment):
tunnel_id = segment[api.SEGMENTATION_ID]
inside = any(lo <= tunnel_id <= hi for lo, hi in self.tunnel_ranges)
info = {'type': self.get_type(), 'id': tunnel_id}
with session.begin(subtransactions=True):
query = (session.query(self.model).
filter_by(**{self.segmentation_key: tunnel_id}))
if inside:
count = query.update({"allocated": False})
if count:
LOG.debug("Releasing %(type)s tunnel %(id)s to pool",
info)
else:
count = query.delete()
if count:
LOG.debug("Releasing %(type)s tunnel %(id)s outside pool",
info)
if not count:
LOG.warning("%(type)s tunnel %(id)s not found", info)
def get_allocation(self, session, tunnel_id):
return (session.query(self.model).
filter_by(**{self.segmentation_key: tunnel_id}).
first())
@six.add_metaclass(abc.ABCMeta)
class ML2TunnelTypeDriver(_TunnelTypeDriverBase):
"""Define stable abstract interface for ML2 type drivers.
tunnel type networks rely on tunnel endpoints. This class defines abstract
methods to manage these endpoints.
ML2 type driver that passes context as argument to functions:
- reserve_provider_segment
- allocate_tenant_segment
- release_segment
- get_allocation
"""
def reserve_provider_segment(self, context, segment):
if self.is_partial_segment(segment):
alloc = self.allocate_partially_specified_segment(context)
if not alloc:
raise exc.NoNetworkAvailable()
else:
segmentation_id = segment.get(api.SEGMENTATION_ID)
alloc = self.allocate_fully_specified_segment(
context, **{self.segmentation_key: segmentation_id})
if not alloc:
raise exc.TunnelIdInUse(tunnel_id=segmentation_id)
return {api.NETWORK_TYPE: self.get_type(),
api.PHYSICAL_NETWORK: None,
api.SEGMENTATION_ID: getattr(alloc, self.segmentation_key),
api.MTU: self.get_mtu()}
def allocate_tenant_segment(self, context):
alloc = self.allocate_partially_specified_segment(context)
if not alloc:
return
return {api.NETWORK_TYPE: self.get_type(),
api.PHYSICAL_NETWORK: None,
api.SEGMENTATION_ID: getattr(alloc, self.segmentation_key),
api.MTU: self.get_mtu()}
def release_segment(self, context, segment):
tunnel_id = segment[api.SEGMENTATION_ID]
inside = any(lo <= tunnel_id <= hi for lo, hi in self.tunnel_ranges)
info = {'type': self.get_type(), 'id': tunnel_id}
with db_api.context_manager.writer.using(context):
query = (context.session.query(self.model).
filter_by(**{self.segmentation_key: tunnel_id}))
if inside:
count = query.update({"allocated": False})
if count:
LOG.debug("Releasing %(type)s tunnel %(id)s to pool",
info)
else:
count = query.delete()
if count:
LOG.debug("Releasing %(type)s tunnel %(id)s outside pool",
info)
if not count:
LOG.warning("%(type)s tunnel %(id)s not found", info)
@db_api.context_manager.reader
def get_allocation(self, context, tunnel_id):
return (context.session.query(self.model).
filter_by(**{self.segmentation_key: tunnel_id}).
first())
class EndpointTunnelTypeDriver(ML2TunnelTypeDriver):
def __init__(self, segment_model, endpoint_model):
super(EndpointTunnelTypeDriver, self).__init__(segment_model)
if issubclass(endpoint_model, base_obj.NeutronDbObject):
self.endpoint_model = endpoint_model.db_model
else:
self.endpoint_model = endpoint_model
self.segmentation_key = next(iter(self.primary_keys))
def get_endpoint_by_host(self, host):
LOG.debug("get_endpoint_by_host() called for host %s", host)
session = lib_db_api.get_reader_session()
return (session.query(self.endpoint_model).
filter_by(host=host).first())
def get_endpoint_by_ip(self, ip):
LOG.debug("get_endpoint_by_ip() called for ip %s", ip)
session = lib_db_api.get_reader_session()
return (session.query(self.endpoint_model).
filter_by(ip_address=ip).first())
def delete_endpoint(self, ip):
LOG.debug("delete_endpoint() called for ip %s", ip)
session = lib_db_api.get_writer_session()
session.query(self.endpoint_model).filter_by(ip_address=ip).delete()
def delete_endpoint_by_host_or_ip(self, host, ip):
LOG.debug("delete_endpoint_by_host_or_ip() called for "
"host %(host)s or %(ip)s", {'host': host, 'ip': ip})
session = lib_db_api.get_writer_session()
session.query(self.endpoint_model).filter(
or_(self.endpoint_model.host == host,
self.endpoint_model.ip_address == ip)).delete()
def _get_endpoints(self):
LOG.debug("_get_endpoints() called")
session = lib_db_api.get_reader_session()
return session.query(self.endpoint_model)
def _add_endpoint(self, ip, host, **kwargs):
LOG.debug("_add_endpoint() called for ip %s", ip)
session = lib_db_api.get_writer_session()
try:
endpoint = self.endpoint_model(ip_address=ip, host=host, **kwargs)
endpoint.save(session)
except db_exc.DBDuplicateEntry:
endpoint = (session.query(self.endpoint_model).
filter_by(ip_address=ip).one())
LOG.warning("Endpoint with ip %s already exists", ip)
return endpoint
class TunnelRpcCallbackMixin(object):
def setup_tunnel_callback_mixin(self, notifier, type_manager):
self._notifier = notifier
self._type_manager = type_manager
def tunnel_sync(self, rpc_context, **kwargs):
"""Update new tunnel.
Updates the database with the tunnel IP. All listening agents will also
be notified about the new tunnel IP.
"""
tunnel_ip = kwargs.get('tunnel_ip')
if not tunnel_ip:
msg = _("Tunnel IP value needed by the ML2 plugin")
raise exc.InvalidInput(error_message=msg)
host = kwargs.get('host')
version = netaddr.IPAddress(tunnel_ip).version
if version != cfg.CONF.ml2.overlay_ip_version:
msg = (_("Tunnel IP version does not match ML2 "
"overlay_ip_version, host: %(host)s, tunnel_ip: %(ip)s"),
{'host': host, 'ip': tunnel_ip})
raise exc.InvalidInput(error_message=msg)
tunnel_type = kwargs.get('tunnel_type')
if not tunnel_type:
msg = _("Network type value needed by the ML2 plugin")
raise exc.InvalidInput(error_message=msg)
driver = self._type_manager.drivers.get(tunnel_type)
if driver:
# The given conditional statements will verify the following
# things:
# 1. If host is not passed from an agent, it is a legacy mode.
# 2. If passed host and tunnel_ip are not found in the DB,
# it is a new endpoint.
# 3. If host is passed from an agent and it is not found in DB
# but the passed tunnel_ip is found, delete the endpoint
# from DB and add the endpoint with (tunnel_ip, host),
# it is an upgrade case.
# 4. If passed host is found in DB and passed tunnel ip is not
# found, delete the endpoint belonging to that host and
# add endpoint with latest (tunnel_ip, host), it is a case
# where local_ip of an agent got changed.
# 5. If the passed host had another ip in the DB the host-id has
# roamed to a different IP then delete any reference to the new
# local_ip or the host id. Don't notify tunnel_delete for the
# old IP since that one could have been taken by a different
# agent host-id (neutron-ovs-cleanup should be used to clean up
# the stale endpoints).
# Finally create a new endpoint for the (tunnel_ip, host).
if host:
host_endpoint = driver.obj.get_endpoint_by_host(host)
ip_endpoint = driver.obj.get_endpoint_by_ip(tunnel_ip)
if (ip_endpoint and ip_endpoint.host is None and
host_endpoint is None):
driver.obj.delete_endpoint(ip_endpoint.ip_address)
elif (ip_endpoint and ip_endpoint.host != host):
LOG.info(
"Tunnel IP %(ip)s was used by host %(host)s and "
"will be assigned to %(new_host)s",
{'ip': ip_endpoint.ip_address,
'host': ip_endpoint.host,
'new_host': host})
driver.obj.delete_endpoint_by_host_or_ip(
host, ip_endpoint.ip_address)
elif (host_endpoint and host_endpoint.ip_address != tunnel_ip):
# Notify all other listening agents to delete stale tunnels
self._notifier.tunnel_delete(rpc_context,
host_endpoint.ip_address, tunnel_type)
driver.obj.delete_endpoint(host_endpoint.ip_address)
tunnel = driver.obj.add_endpoint(tunnel_ip, host)
tunnels = driver.obj.get_endpoints()
entry = {'tunnels': tunnels}
# Notify all other listening agents
self._notifier.tunnel_update(rpc_context, tunnel.ip_address,
tunnel_type)
# Return the list of tunnels IP's to the agent
return entry
else:
msg = _("Network type value '%s' not supported") % tunnel_type
raise exc.InvalidInput(error_message=msg)
class TunnelAgentRpcApiMixin(object):
def _get_tunnel_update_topic(self):
return topics.get_topic_name(self.topic,
TUNNEL,
topics.UPDATE)
def tunnel_update(self, context, tunnel_ip, tunnel_type):
cctxt = self.client.prepare(topic=self._get_tunnel_update_topic(),
fanout=True)
cctxt.cast(context, 'tunnel_update', tunnel_ip=tunnel_ip,
tunnel_type=tunnel_type)
def _get_tunnel_delete_topic(self):
return topics.get_topic_name(self.topic,
TUNNEL,
topics.DELETE)
def tunnel_delete(self, context, tunnel_ip, tunnel_type):
cctxt = self.client.prepare(topic=self._get_tunnel_delete_topic(),
fanout=True)
cctxt.cast(context, 'tunnel_delete', tunnel_ip=tunnel_ip,
tunnel_type=tunnel_type)