OpenStack Networking (Neutron)
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# Copyright 2012 Locaweb.
# All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
import os
import sys
import mock
from oslo_config import cfg
import testtools
from neutron.agent.linux import iptables_comments as ic
from neutron.agent.linux import iptables_manager
from neutron.common import exceptions as n_exc
from neutron.tests import base
from neutron.tests import tools
IPTABLES_ARG = {'bn': iptables_manager.binary_name,
'snat_out_comment': ic.SNAT_OUT,
'filter_rules': ''}
NAT_TEMPLATE = ('# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*nat\n'
':neutron-postrouting-bottom - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-POSTROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-PREROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-float-snat - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-snat - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A PREROUTING -j %(bn)s-PREROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j %(bn)s-POSTROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j neutron-postrouting-bottom\n'
'[0:0] -A neutron-postrouting-bottom -j %(bn)s-snat\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-snat -j '
'%(bn)s-float-snat\n'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n')
NAT_DUMP = NAT_TEMPLATE % IPTABLES_ARG
FILTER_TEMPLATE = ('# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*filter\n'
':neutron-filter-top - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-FORWARD - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-INPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-local - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A FORWARD -j neutron-filter-top\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j neutron-filter-top\n'
'[0:0] -A neutron-filter-top -j %(bn)s-local\n'
'[0:0] -A INPUT -j %(bn)s-INPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A FORWARD -j %(bn)s-FORWARD\n'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n')
FILTER_DUMP = FILTER_TEMPLATE % IPTABLES_ARG
FILTER_WITH_RULES_TEMPLATE = (
'# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*filter\n'
':neutron-filter-top - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-FORWARD - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-INPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-filter - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-local - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A FORWARD -j neutron-filter-top\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j neutron-filter-top\n'
'[0:0] -A neutron-filter-top -j %(bn)s-local\n'
'[0:0] -A INPUT -j %(bn)s-INPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A FORWARD -j %(bn)s-FORWARD\n'
'%(filter_rules)s'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n')
COMMENTED_NAT_DUMP = (
'# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*nat\n'
':neutron-postrouting-bottom - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-POSTROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-PREROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-float-snat - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-snat - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A PREROUTING -j %(bn)s-PREROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j %(bn)s-POSTROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j neutron-postrouting-bottom\n'
'[0:0] -A neutron-postrouting-bottom -j %(bn)s-snat '
'-m comment --comment "%(snat_out_comment)s"\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-snat -j '
'%(bn)s-float-snat\n'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n' % IPTABLES_ARG)
TRAFFIC_COUNTERS_DUMP = (
'Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT 400 packets, 65901 bytes)\n'
' pkts bytes target prot opt in out source'
' destination \n'
' 400 65901 chain1 all -- * * 0.0.0.0/0'
' 0.0.0.0/0 \n'
' 400 65901 chain2 all -- * * 0.0.0.0/0'
' 0.0.0.0/0 \n')
class IptablesTestCase(base.BaseTestCase):
def test_get_binary_name_in_unittest(self):
# Corresponds to sys.argv content when running python -m unittest class
with mock.patch('sys.argv', ['python -m unittest', 'class']):
binary_name = iptables_manager.get_binary_name()
self.assertEqual('python_-m_unitte', binary_name)
class IptablesCommentsTestCase(base.BaseTestCase):
def setUp(self):
super(IptablesCommentsTestCase, self).setUp()
cfg.CONF.set_override('comment_iptables_rules', True, 'AGENT')
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager()
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
def test_comments_short_enough(self):
for attr in dir(ic):
if not attr.startswith('__') and len(getattr(ic, attr)) > 255:
self.fail("Iptables comment %s is longer than 255 characters."
% attr)
def test_add_filter_rule(self):
iptables_args = {}
iptables_args.update(IPTABLES_ARG)
filter_rules = ('[0:0] -A %(bn)s-filter -j DROP\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-INPUT -s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2 -j '
'%(bn)s-filter\n' % iptables_args)
iptables_args['filter_rules'] = filter_rules
filter_dump_mod = FILTER_WITH_RULES_TEMPLATE % iptables_args
raw_dump = _generate_raw_dump(IPTABLES_ARG)
mangle_dump = _generate_mangle_dump(IPTABLES_ARG)
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(raw_dump + COMMENTED_NAT_DUMP +
mangle_dump + filter_dump_mod),
run_as_root=True),
None),
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(raw_dump + COMMENTED_NAT_DUMP +
mangle_dump + FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True
),
None),
]
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_chain('filter')
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_rule('filter', '-j DROP')
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_rule('INPUT',
'-s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2 -j'
' %(bn)s-filter' % IPTABLES_ARG)
self.iptables.apply()
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_rule('filter', '-j DROP')
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_rule('INPUT',
'-s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2 -j'
' %(bn)s-filter'
% IPTABLES_ARG)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_chain('filter')
self.iptables.apply()
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
def _generate_mangle_dump(iptables_args):
return ('# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*mangle\n'
':%(bn)s-FORWARD - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-INPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-POSTROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-PREROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-mark - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A PREROUTING -j %(bn)s-PREROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A INPUT -j %(bn)s-INPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A FORWARD -j %(bn)s-FORWARD\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j %(bn)s-POSTROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-PREROUTING -j %(bn)s-mark\n'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n' % iptables_args)
def _generate_raw_dump(iptables_args):
return ('# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*raw\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-PREROUTING - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A PREROUTING -j %(bn)s-PREROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n' % iptables_args)
MANGLE_DUMP = _generate_mangle_dump(IPTABLES_ARG)
RAW_DUMP = _generate_raw_dump(IPTABLES_ARG)
class IptablesManagerStateFulTestCase(base.BaseTestCase):
def setUp(self):
super(IptablesManagerStateFulTestCase, self).setUp()
cfg.CONF.set_override('comment_iptables_rules', False, 'AGENT')
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager()
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
def test_binary_name(self):
expected = os.path.basename(sys.argv[0])[:16]
self.assertEqual(expected, iptables_manager.binary_name)
def test_get_chain_name(self):
name = '0123456789' * 5
# 28 chars is the maximum length of iptables chain name.
self.assertEqual(iptables_manager.get_chain_name(name, wrap=False),
name[:28])
# 11 chars is the maximum length of chain name of iptable_manager
# if binary_name is prepended.
self.assertEqual(iptables_manager.get_chain_name(name, wrap=True),
name[:11])
def test_defer_apply_with_exception(self):
self.iptables._apply = mock.Mock(side_effect=Exception)
with testtools.ExpectedException(n_exc.IpTablesApplyException):
with self.iptables.defer_apply():
pass
def _extend_with_ip6tables_filter(self, expected_calls, filter_dump):
expected_calls.insert(2, (
mock.call(['ip6tables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''))
expected_calls.insert(3, (
mock.call(['ip6tables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=filter_dump,
run_as_root=True),
None))
expected_calls.extend([
(mock.call(['ip6tables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['ip6tables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=filter_dump,
run_as_root=True),
None)])
def _test_add_and_remove_chain_custom_binary_name_helper(self, use_ipv6):
bn = ("abcdef" * 5)
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
binary_name=bn,
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
iptables_args = {'bn': bn[:16], 'filter_rules': ''}
filter_dump = FILTER_WITH_RULES_TEMPLATE % iptables_args
filter_dump_ipv6 = FILTER_TEMPLATE % iptables_args
filter_dump_mod = filter_dump
nat_dump = NAT_TEMPLATE % iptables_args
raw_dump = _generate_raw_dump(iptables_args)
mangle_dump = _generate_mangle_dump(iptables_args)
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(raw_dump + nat_dump + mangle_dump +
filter_dump_mod),
run_as_root=True),
None),
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(raw_dump + nat_dump + mangle_dump +
filter_dump),
run_as_root=True),
None),
]
if use_ipv6:
self._extend_with_ip6tables_filter(expected_calls_and_values,
raw_dump + filter_dump_ipv6)
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_chain('filter')
self.iptables.apply()
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].empty_chain('filter')
self.iptables.apply()
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
def test_add_and_remove_chain_custom_binary_name(self):
self._test_add_and_remove_chain_custom_binary_name_helper(False)
def test_add_and_remove_chain_custom_binary_name_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_add_and_remove_chain_custom_binary_name_helper(True)
def _test_empty_chain_custom_binary_name_helper(self, use_ipv6):
bn = ("abcdef" * 5)[:16]
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
binary_name=bn,
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
iptables_args = {'bn': bn}
filter_dump = FILTER_TEMPLATE % iptables_args
filter_rules = ('[0:0] -A %(bn)s-filter -s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2\n'
% iptables_args)
iptables_args['filter_rules'] = filter_rules
filter_dump_mod = FILTER_WITH_RULES_TEMPLATE % iptables_args
nat_dump = NAT_TEMPLATE % iptables_args
raw_dump = _generate_raw_dump(iptables_args)
mangle_dump = _generate_mangle_dump(iptables_args)
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(raw_dump + nat_dump + mangle_dump +
filter_dump_mod),
run_as_root=True),
None),
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(raw_dump + nat_dump + mangle_dump +
filter_dump),
run_as_root=True),
None),
]
if use_ipv6:
self._extend_with_ip6tables_filter(expected_calls_and_values,
raw_dump + filter_dump)
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_chain('filter')
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_rule('filter',
'-s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2')
self.iptables.apply()
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_chain('filter')
self.iptables.apply()
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
def test_empty_chain_custom_binary_name(self):
self._test_empty_chain_custom_binary_name_helper(False)
def test_empty_chain_custom_binary_name_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_empty_chain_custom_binary_name_helper(True)
def _test_add_and_remove_chain_helper(self, use_ipv6):
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
filter_dump_mod = FILTER_WITH_RULES_TEMPLATE % IPTABLES_ARG
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + NAT_DUMP + MANGLE_DUMP +
filter_dump_mod),
run_as_root=True),
None),
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + NAT_DUMP + MANGLE_DUMP +
FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True),
None),
]
if use_ipv6:
self._extend_with_ip6tables_filter(expected_calls_and_values,
RAW_DUMP + FILTER_DUMP)
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_chain('filter')
self.iptables.apply()
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_chain('filter')
self.iptables.apply()
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
def test_add_and_remove_chain(self):
self._test_add_and_remove_chain_helper(False)
def test_add_and_remove_chain_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_add_and_remove_chain_helper(True)
def _test_add_filter_rule_helper(self, use_ipv6):
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
iptables_args = {}
iptables_args.update(IPTABLES_ARG)
filter_rules = ('[0:0] -A %(bn)s-filter -j DROP\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-INPUT -s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2 -j '
'%(bn)s-filter\n' % iptables_args)
iptables_args['filter_rules'] = filter_rules
filter_dump_mod = FILTER_WITH_RULES_TEMPLATE % iptables_args
raw_dump = RAW_DUMP % IPTABLES_ARG
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + NAT_DUMP + MANGLE_DUMP +
filter_dump_mod),
run_as_root=True),
None),
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + NAT_DUMP + MANGLE_DUMP +
FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True
),
None),
]
if use_ipv6:
self._extend_with_ip6tables_filter(expected_calls_and_values,
raw_dump + FILTER_DUMP)
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_chain('filter')
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_rule('filter', '-j DROP')
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_rule('INPUT',
'-s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2 -j'
' %(bn)s-filter' % IPTABLES_ARG)
self.iptables.apply()
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_rule('filter', '-j DROP')
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_rule('INPUT',
'-s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2 -j'
' %(bn)s-filter'
% IPTABLES_ARG)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_chain('filter')
self.iptables.apply()
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
def test_add_filter_rule(self):
self._test_add_filter_rule_helper(False)
def test_add_filter_rule_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_add_filter_rule_helper(True)
def _test_rule_with_wrap_target_helper(self, use_ipv6):
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
name = '0123456789' * 5
wrap = "%s-%s" % (iptables_manager.binary_name,
iptables_manager.get_chain_name(name))
iptables_args = {'bn': iptables_manager.binary_name,
'wrap': wrap}
filter_dump_mod = ('# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*filter\n'
':neutron-filter-top - [0:0]\n'
':%(wrap)s - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-FORWARD - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-INPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-local - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A FORWARD -j neutron-filter-top\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j neutron-filter-top\n'
'[0:0] -A neutron-filter-top -j %(bn)s-local\n'
'[0:0] -A INPUT -j %(bn)s-INPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A FORWARD -j %(bn)s-FORWARD\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-INPUT -s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2 -j '
'%(wrap)s\n'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n'
% iptables_args)
raw_dump = RAW_DUMP % IPTABLES_ARG
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + NAT_DUMP + MANGLE_DUMP +
filter_dump_mod),
run_as_root=True),
None),
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + NAT_DUMP + MANGLE_DUMP +
FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True),
None),
]
if use_ipv6:
self._extend_with_ip6tables_filter(expected_calls_and_values,
raw_dump + FILTER_DUMP)
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_chain(name)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_rule('INPUT',
'-s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2 -j'
' $%s' % name)
self.iptables.apply()
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_rule('INPUT',
'-s 0/0 -d 192.168.0.2 -j'
' $%s' % name)
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_chain(name)
self.iptables.apply()
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
def test_rule_with_wrap_target(self):
self._test_rule_with_wrap_target_helper(False)
def test_rule_with_wrap_target_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_rule_with_wrap_target_helper(True)
def _test_add_mangle_rule_helper(self, use_ipv6):
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
mangle_dump_mod = (
'# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*mangle\n'
':%(bn)s-FORWARD - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-INPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-POSTROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-PREROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-mangle - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-mark - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A PREROUTING -j %(bn)s-PREROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A INPUT -j %(bn)s-INPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A FORWARD -j %(bn)s-FORWARD\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j %(bn)s-POSTROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-PREROUTING -j %(bn)s-mark\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-PREROUTING -j MARK --set-xmark 0x1/0xffffffff\n'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n'
% IPTABLES_ARG)
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + NAT_DUMP + mangle_dump_mod +
FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True),
None),
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + NAT_DUMP + MANGLE_DUMP +
FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True),
None),
]
if use_ipv6:
self._extend_with_ip6tables_filter(expected_calls_and_values,
RAW_DUMP + FILTER_DUMP)
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
self.iptables.ipv4['mangle'].add_chain('mangle')
self.iptables.ipv4['mangle'].add_rule(
'PREROUTING',
'-j MARK --set-xmark 0x1/0xffffffff')
self.iptables.apply()
self.iptables.ipv4['mangle'].remove_rule(
'PREROUTING',
'-j MARK --set-xmark 0x1/0xffffffff')
self.iptables.ipv4['mangle'].remove_chain('mangle')
self.iptables.apply()
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
def test_add_mangle_rule(self):
self._test_add_mangle_rule_helper(False)
def test_add_mangle_rule_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_add_mangle_rule_helper(True)
def _test_add_nat_rule_helper(self, use_ipv6):
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
nat_dump = NAT_TEMPLATE % IPTABLES_ARG
nat_dump_mod = ('# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*nat\n'
':neutron-postrouting-bottom - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-POSTROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-PREROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-float-snat - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-nat - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-snat - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A PREROUTING -j %(bn)s-PREROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j %(bn)s-POSTROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j neutron-postrouting-bottom\n'
'[0:0] -A neutron-postrouting-bottom -j %(bn)s-snat\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-snat -j %(bn)s-float-snat\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-PREROUTING -d 192.168.0.3 -j '
'%(bn)s-nat\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-nat -p tcp --dport 8080 -j '
'REDIRECT --to-port 80\n'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n'
% IPTABLES_ARG)
raw_dump = RAW_DUMP % IPTABLES_ARG
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + nat_dump_mod + MANGLE_DUMP +
FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True),
None),
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + nat_dump + MANGLE_DUMP +
FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True),
None),
]
if use_ipv6:
self._extend_with_ip6tables_filter(expected_calls_and_values,
raw_dump + FILTER_DUMP)
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
self.iptables.ipv4['nat'].add_chain('nat')
self.iptables.ipv4['nat'].add_rule('PREROUTING',
'-d 192.168.0.3 -j '
'%(bn)s-nat' % IPTABLES_ARG)
self.iptables.ipv4['nat'].add_rule('nat',
'-p tcp --dport 8080' +
' -j REDIRECT --to-port 80')
self.iptables.apply()
self.iptables.ipv4['nat'].remove_rule('nat',
'-p tcp --dport 8080 -j'
' REDIRECT --to-port 80')
self.iptables.ipv4['nat'].remove_rule('PREROUTING',
'-d 192.168.0.3 -j '
'%(bn)s-nat' % IPTABLES_ARG)
self.iptables.ipv4['nat'].remove_chain('nat')
self.iptables.apply()
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
def test_add_nat_rule(self):
self._test_add_nat_rule_helper(False)
def test_add_nat_rule_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_add_nat_rule_helper(True)
def _test_add_raw_rule_helper(self, use_ipv6):
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
raw_dump_mod = ('# Generated by iptables_manager\n'
'*raw\n'
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-PREROUTING - [0:0]\n'
':%(bn)s-raw - [0:0]\n'
'[0:0] -A PREROUTING -j %(bn)s-PREROUTING\n'
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j %(bn)s-OUTPUT\n'
'[0:0] -A %(bn)s-PREROUTING -j CT --notrack\n'
'COMMIT\n'
'# Completed by iptables_manager\n'
% IPTABLES_ARG)
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(raw_dump_mod + NAT_DUMP + MANGLE_DUMP +
FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True),
None),
(mock.call(['iptables-save', '-c'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables-restore', '-c'],
process_input=(RAW_DUMP + NAT_DUMP + MANGLE_DUMP +
FILTER_DUMP),
run_as_root=True),
None),
]
if use_ipv6:
self._extend_with_ip6tables_filter(expected_calls_and_values,
RAW_DUMP + FILTER_DUMP)
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
self.iptables.ipv4['raw'].add_chain('raw')
self.iptables.ipv4['raw'].add_rule('PREROUTING',
'-j CT --notrack')
self.iptables.apply()
self.iptables.ipv4['raw'].remove_rule('PREROUTING',
'-j CT --notrack')
self.iptables.ipv4['raw'].remove_chain('raw')
self.iptables.apply()
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
def test_add_raw_rule(self):
self._test_add_raw_rule_helper(False)
def test_add_raw_rule_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_add_raw_rule_helper(True)
def test_add_rule_to_a_nonexistent_chain(self):
self.assertRaises(LookupError, self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].add_rule,
'nonexistent', '-j DROP')
def test_remove_nonexistent_chain(self):
with mock.patch.object(iptables_manager, "LOG") as log:
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_chain('nonexistent')
log.debug.assert_called_once_with(
'Attempted to remove chain %s which does not exist',
'nonexistent')
def test_remove_nonexistent_rule(self):
with mock.patch.object(iptables_manager, "LOG") as log:
self.iptables.ipv4['filter'].remove_rule('nonexistent', '-j DROP')
log.warn.assert_called_once_with(
'Tried to remove rule that was not there: '
'%(chain)r %(rule)r %(wrap)r %(top)r',
{'wrap': True, 'top': False, 'rule': '-j DROP',
'chain': 'nonexistent'})
def test_iptables_failure_with_no_failing_line_number(self):
with mock.patch.object(iptables_manager, "LOG") as log:
# generate Runtime errors on iptables-restore calls
def iptables_restore_failer(*args, **kwargs):
if 'iptables-restore' in args[0]:
self.input_lines = kwargs['process_input'].split('\n')
# don't provide a specific failure message so all lines
# are logged
raise RuntimeError()
return FILTER_DUMP
self.execute.side_effect = iptables_restore_failer
# _apply_synchronized calls iptables-restore so it should raise
# a RuntimeError
self.assertRaises(RuntimeError,
self.iptables._apply_synchronized)
# The RuntimeError should have triggered a log of the input to the
# process that it failed to execute. Verify by comparing the log
# call to the 'process_input' arg given to the failed iptables-restore
# call.
# Failure without a specific line number in the error should cause
# all lines to be logged with numbers.
logged = ['%7d. %s' % (n, l)
for n, l in enumerate(self.input_lines, 1)]
log.error.assert_called_once_with(_(
'IPTablesManager.apply failed to apply the '
'following set of iptables rules:\n%s'),
'\n'.join(logged)
)
def test_iptables_failure_on_specific_line(self):
with mock.patch.object(iptables_manager, "LOG") as log:
# generate Runtime errors on iptables-restore calls
def iptables_restore_failer(*args, **kwargs):
if 'iptables-restore' in args[0]:
self.input_lines = kwargs['process_input'].split('\n')
# pretend line 11 failed
msg = ("Exit code: 1\nStdout: ''\n"
"Stderr: 'iptables-restore: line 11 failed\n'")
raise RuntimeError(msg)
return FILTER_DUMP
self.execute.side_effect = iptables_restore_failer
# _apply_synchronized calls iptables-restore so it should raise
# a RuntimeError
self.assertRaises(RuntimeError,
self.iptables._apply_synchronized)
# The RuntimeError should have triggered a log of the input to the
# process that it failed to execute. Verify by comparing the log
# call to the 'process_input' arg given to the failed iptables-restore
# call.
# Line 11 of the input was marked as failing so lines (11 - context)
# to (11 + context) should be logged
ctx = iptables_manager.IPTABLES_ERROR_LINES_OF_CONTEXT
log_start = max(0, 11 - ctx)
log_end = 11 + ctx
logged = ['%7d. %s' % (n, l)
for n, l in enumerate(self.input_lines[log_start:log_end],
log_start + 1)]
log.error.assert_called_once_with(_(
'IPTablesManager.apply failed to apply the '
'following set of iptables rules:\n%s'),
'\n'.join(logged)
)
def test_get_traffic_counters_chain_notexists(self):
with mock.patch.object(iptables_manager, "LOG") as log:
acc = self.iptables.get_traffic_counters('chain1')
self.assertIsNone(acc)
self.assertEqual(0, self.execute.call_count)
log.warn.assert_called_once_with(
'Attempted to get traffic counters of chain %s which '
'does not exist', 'chain1')
def _test_get_traffic_counters_helper(self, use_ipv6):
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
exp_packets = 800
exp_bytes = 131802
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables', '-t', 'filter', '-L', 'OUTPUT',
'-n', '-v', '-x'],
run_as_root=True),
TRAFFIC_COUNTERS_DUMP),
(mock.call(['iptables', '-t', 'raw', '-L', 'OUTPUT', '-n',
'-v', '-x'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables', '-t', 'mangle', '-L', 'OUTPUT', '-n',
'-v', '-x'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables', '-t', 'nat', '-L', 'OUTPUT', '-n',
'-v', '-x'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
]
if use_ipv6:
expected_calls_and_values.append(
(mock.call(['ip6tables', '-t', 'raw', '-L', 'OUTPUT',
'-n', '-v', '-x'], run_as_root=True),
''))
expected_calls_and_values.append(
(mock.call(['ip6tables', '-t', 'filter', '-L', 'OUTPUT',
'-n', '-v', '-x'],
run_as_root=True),
TRAFFIC_COUNTERS_DUMP))
exp_packets *= 2
exp_bytes *= 2
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
acc = self.iptables.get_traffic_counters('OUTPUT')
self.assertEqual(acc['pkts'], exp_packets)
self.assertEqual(acc['bytes'], exp_bytes)
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values,
any_order=True)
def test_get_traffic_counters(self):
self._test_get_traffic_counters_helper(False)
def test_get_traffic_counters_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_get_traffic_counters_helper(True)
def _test_get_traffic_counters_with_zero_helper(self, use_ipv6):
self.iptables = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
use_ipv6=use_ipv6)
self.execute = mock.patch.object(self.iptables, "execute").start()
exp_packets = 800
exp_bytes = 131802
expected_calls_and_values = [
(mock.call(['iptables', '-t', 'filter', '-L', 'OUTPUT',
'-n', '-v', '-x', '-Z'],
run_as_root=True),
TRAFFIC_COUNTERS_DUMP),
(mock.call(['iptables', '-t', 'raw', '-L', 'OUTPUT', '-n',
'-v', '-x', '-Z'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables', '-t', 'mangle', '-L', 'OUTPUT', '-n',
'-v', '-x', '-Z'],
run_as_root=True),
''),
(mock.call(['iptables', '-t', 'nat', '-L', 'OUTPUT', '-n',
'-v', '-x', '-Z'],
run_as_root=True),
'')
]
if use_ipv6:
expected_calls_and_values.append(
(mock.call(['ip6tables', '-t', 'raw', '-L', 'OUTPUT',
'-n', '-v', '-x', '-Z'], run_as_root=True),
''))
expected_calls_and_values.append(
(mock.call(['ip6tables', '-t', 'filter', '-L', 'OUTPUT',
'-n', '-v', '-x', '-Z'],
run_as_root=True),
TRAFFIC_COUNTERS_DUMP))
exp_packets *= 2
exp_bytes *= 2
tools.setup_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values)
acc = self.iptables.get_traffic_counters('OUTPUT', zero=True)
self.assertEqual(acc['pkts'], exp_packets)
self.assertEqual(acc['bytes'], exp_bytes)
tools.verify_mock_calls(self.execute, expected_calls_and_values,
any_order=True)
def test_get_traffic_counters_with_zero(self):
self._test_get_traffic_counters_with_zero_helper(False)
def test_get_traffic_counters_with_zero_with_ipv6(self):
self._test_get_traffic_counters_with_zero_helper(True)
def _test_find_last_entry(self, find_str):
filter_list = [':neutron-filter-top - [0:0]',
':%(bn)s-FORWARD - [0:0]',
':%(bn)s-INPUT - [0:0]',
':%(bn)s-local - [0:0]',
':%(wrap)s - [0:0]',
':%(bn)s-OUTPUT - [0:0]',
'[0:0] -A FORWARD -j neutron-filter-top',
'[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j neutron-filter-top'
% IPTABLES_ARG]
return self.iptables._find_last_entry(filter_list, find_str)
def test_find_last_entry_old_dup(self):
find_str = 'neutron-filter-top'
match_str = '[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j neutron-filter-top'
ret_str = self._test_find_last_entry(find_str)
self.assertEqual(ret_str, match_str)
def test_find_last_entry_none(self):
find_str = 'neutron-filter-NOTFOUND'
ret_str = self._test_find_last_entry(find_str)
self.assertIsNone(ret_str)
class IptablesManagerStateLessTestCase(base.BaseTestCase):
def setUp(self):
super(IptablesManagerStateLessTestCase, self).setUp()
cfg.CONF.set_override('comment_iptables_rules', False, 'AGENT')
self.iptables = (iptables_manager.IptablesManager(state_less=True))
def test_nat_not_found(self):
self.assertNotIn('nat', self.iptables.ipv4)
def test_mangle_not_found(self):
self.assertNotIn('mangle', self.iptables.ipv4)