OpenStack Networking (Neutron)
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# Copyright 2012 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
#
import eventlet
import netaddr
from oslo.config import cfg
from neutron.agent.common import config
from neutron.agent.linux import external_process
from neutron.agent.linux import interface
from neutron.agent.linux import ip_lib
from neutron.agent.linux import iptables_manager
from neutron.agent.linux import ovs_lib # noqa
from neutron.agent import rpc as agent_rpc
from neutron.common import constants as l3_constants
from neutron.common import topics
from neutron.common import utils as common_utils
from neutron import context
from neutron import manager
from neutron.openstack.common import excutils
from neutron.openstack.common import importutils
from neutron.openstack.common import lockutils
from neutron.openstack.common import log as logging
from neutron.openstack.common import loopingcall
from neutron.openstack.common import periodic_task
from neutron.openstack.common import processutils
from neutron.openstack.common.rpc import common as rpc_common
from neutron.openstack.common.rpc import proxy
from neutron.openstack.common import service
from neutron import service as neutron_service
from neutron.services.firewall.agents.l3reference import firewall_l3_agent
LOG = logging.getLogger(__name__)
NS_PREFIX = 'qrouter-'
INTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX = 'qr-'
EXTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX = 'qg-'
RPC_LOOP_INTERVAL = 1
FLOATING_IP_CIDR_SUFFIX = '/32'
class L3PluginApi(proxy.RpcProxy):
"""Agent side of the l3 agent RPC API.
API version history:
1.0 - Initial version.
1.1 - Floating IP operational status updates
"""
BASE_RPC_API_VERSION = '1.0'
def __init__(self, topic, host):
super(L3PluginApi, self).__init__(
topic=topic, default_version=self.BASE_RPC_API_VERSION)
self.host = host
def get_routers(self, context, router_ids=None):
"""Make a remote process call to retrieve the sync data for routers."""
return self.call(context,
self.make_msg('sync_routers', host=self.host,
router_ids=router_ids),
topic=self.topic)
def get_external_network_id(self, context):
"""Make a remote process call to retrieve the external network id.
@raise common.RemoteError: with TooManyExternalNetworks
as exc_type if there are
more than one external network
"""
return self.call(context,
self.make_msg('get_external_network_id',
host=self.host),
topic=self.topic)
def update_floatingip_statuses(self, context, router_id, fip_statuses):
"""Call the plugin update floating IPs's operational status."""
return self.call(context,
self.make_msg('update_floatingip_statuses',
router_id=router_id,
fip_statuses=fip_statuses),
topic=self.topic,
version='1.1')
class RouterInfo(object):
def __init__(self, router_id, root_helper, use_namespaces, router):
self.router_id = router_id
self.ex_gw_port = None
self._snat_enabled = None
self._snat_action = None
self.internal_ports = []
self.floating_ips = set()
self.root_helper = root_helper
self.use_namespaces = use_namespaces
# Invoke the setter for establishing initial SNAT action
self.router = router
self.ns_name = NS_PREFIX + router_id if use_namespaces else None
self.iptables_manager = iptables_manager.IptablesManager(
root_helper=root_helper,
#FIXME(danwent): use_ipv6=True,
namespace=self.ns_name)
self.routes = []
@property
def router(self):
return self._router
@router.setter
def router(self, value):
self._router = value
if not self._router:
return
# enable_snat by default if it wasn't specified by plugin
self._snat_enabled = self._router.get('enable_snat', True)
# Set a SNAT action for the router
if self._router.get('gw_port'):
self._snat_action = ('add_rules' if self._snat_enabled
else 'remove_rules')
elif self.ex_gw_port:
# Gateway port was removed, remove rules
self._snat_action = 'remove_rules'
def perform_snat_action(self, snat_callback, *args):
# Process SNAT rules for attached subnets
if self._snat_action:
snat_callback(self, self._router.get('gw_port'),
*args, action=self._snat_action)
self._snat_action = None
class L3NATAgent(firewall_l3_agent.FWaaSL3AgentRpcCallback, manager.Manager):
"""Manager for L3NatAgent
API version history:
1.0 initial Version
1.1 changed the type of the routers parameter
to the routers_updated method.
It was previously a list of routers in dict format.
It is now a list of router IDs only.
Per rpc versioning rules, it is backwards compatible.
"""
RPC_API_VERSION = '1.1'
OPTS = [
cfg.StrOpt('external_network_bridge', default='br-ex',
help=_("Name of bridge used for external network "
"traffic.")),
cfg.IntOpt('metadata_port',
default=9697,
help=_("TCP Port used by Neutron metadata namespace "
"proxy.")),
cfg.IntOpt('send_arp_for_ha',
default=0,
help=_("Send this many gratuitous ARPs for HA setup, if "
"less than or equal to 0, the feature is disabled")),
cfg.StrOpt('router_id', default='',
help=_("If namespaces is disabled, the l3 agent can only"
" configure a router that has the matching router "
"ID.")),
cfg.BoolOpt('handle_internal_only_routers',
default=True,
help=_("Agent should implement routers with no gateway")),
cfg.StrOpt('gateway_external_network_id', default='',
help=_("UUID of external network for routers implemented "
"by the agents.")),
cfg.BoolOpt('enable_metadata_proxy', default=True,
help=_("Allow running metadata proxy.")),
cfg.BoolOpt('router_delete_namespaces', default=False,
help=_("Delete namespace after removing a router.")),
cfg.StrOpt('metadata_proxy_socket',
default='$state_path/metadata_proxy',
help=_('Location of Metadata Proxy UNIX domain '
'socket')),
]
def __init__(self, host, conf=None):
if conf:
self.conf = conf
else:
self.conf = cfg.CONF
self.root_helper = config.get_root_helper(self.conf)
self.router_info = {}
self._check_config_params()
try:
self.driver = importutils.import_object(
self.conf.interface_driver,
self.conf
)
except Exception:
msg = _("Error importing interface driver "
"'%s'") % self.conf.interface_driver
LOG.error(msg)
raise SystemExit(msg)
self.context = context.get_admin_context_without_session()
self.plugin_rpc = L3PluginApi(topics.L3PLUGIN, host)
self.fullsync = True
self.updated_routers = set()
self.removed_routers = set()
self.sync_progress = False
self._clean_stale_namespaces = self.conf.use_namespaces
self.rpc_loop = loopingcall.FixedIntervalLoopingCall(
self._rpc_loop)
self.rpc_loop.start(interval=RPC_LOOP_INTERVAL)
super(L3NATAgent, self).__init__(conf=self.conf)
self.target_ex_net_id = None
def _check_config_params(self):
"""Check items in configuration files.
Check for required and invalid configuration items.
The actual values are not verified for correctness.
"""
if not self.conf.interface_driver:
msg = _('An interface driver must be specified')
LOG.error(msg)
raise SystemExit(msg)
if not self.conf.use_namespaces and not self.conf.router_id:
msg = _('Router id is required if not using namespaces.')
LOG.error(msg)
raise SystemExit(msg)
def _cleanup_namespaces(self, routers):
"""Destroy stale router namespaces on host when L3 agent restarts
This routine is called when self._clean_stale_namespaces is True.
The argument routers is the list of routers that are recorded in
the database as being hosted on this node.
"""
try:
root_ip = ip_lib.IPWrapper(self.root_helper)
host_namespaces = root_ip.get_namespaces(self.root_helper)
router_namespaces = set(ns for ns in host_namespaces
if ns.startswith(NS_PREFIX))
ns_to_ignore = set(NS_PREFIX + r['id'] for r in routers)
ns_to_destroy = router_namespaces - ns_to_ignore
except RuntimeError:
LOG.exception(_('RuntimeError in obtaining router list '
'for namespace cleanup.'))
else:
self._destroy_stale_router_namespaces(ns_to_destroy)
def _destroy_stale_router_namespaces(self, router_namespaces):
"""Destroys the stale router namespaces
The argumenet router_namespaces is a list of stale router namespaces
As some stale router namespaces may not be able to be deleted, only
one attempt will be made to delete them.
"""
for ns in router_namespaces:
if self.conf.enable_metadata_proxy:
self._destroy_metadata_proxy(ns[len(NS_PREFIX):], ns)
try:
self._destroy_router_namespace(ns)
except RuntimeError:
LOG.exception(_('Failed to destroy stale router namespace '
'%s'), ns)
self._clean_stale_namespaces = False
def _destroy_router_namespace(self, namespace):
ns_ip = ip_lib.IPWrapper(self.root_helper, namespace=namespace)
for d in ns_ip.get_devices(exclude_loopback=True):
if d.name.startswith(INTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX):
# device is on default bridge
self.driver.unplug(d.name, namespace=namespace,
prefix=INTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)
elif d.name.startswith(EXTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX):
self.driver.unplug(d.name,
bridge=self.conf.external_network_bridge,
namespace=namespace,
prefix=EXTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)
if self.conf.router_delete_namespaces:
try:
ns_ip.netns.delete(namespace)
except RuntimeError:
msg = _('Failed trying to delete namespace: %s')
LOG.exception(msg % namespace)
def _create_router_namespace(self, ri):
ip_wrapper_root = ip_lib.IPWrapper(self.root_helper)
ip_wrapper = ip_wrapper_root.ensure_namespace(ri.ns_name)
ip_wrapper.netns.execute(['sysctl', '-w', 'net.ipv4.ip_forward=1'])
def _fetch_external_net_id(self, force=False):
"""Find UUID of single external network for this agent."""
if self.conf.gateway_external_network_id:
return self.conf.gateway_external_network_id
# L3 agent doesn't use external_network_bridge to handle external
# networks, so bridge_mappings with provider networks will be used
# and the L3 agent is able to handle any external networks.
if not self.conf.external_network_bridge:
return
if not force and self.target_ex_net_id:
return self.target_ex_net_id
try:
self.target_ex_net_id = self.plugin_rpc.get_external_network_id(
self.context)
return self.target_ex_net_id
except rpc_common.RemoteError as e:
with excutils.save_and_reraise_exception() as ctx:
if e.exc_type == 'TooManyExternalNetworks':
ctx.reraise = False
msg = _(
"The 'gateway_external_network_id' option must be "
"configured for this agent as Neutron has more than "
"one external network.")
raise Exception(msg)
def _router_added(self, router_id, router):
ri = RouterInfo(router_id, self.root_helper,
self.conf.use_namespaces, router)
self.router_info[router_id] = ri
if self.conf.use_namespaces:
self._create_router_namespace(ri)
for c, r in self.metadata_filter_rules():
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['filter'].add_rule(c, r)
for c, r in self.metadata_nat_rules():
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['nat'].add_rule(c, r)
ri.iptables_manager.apply()
super(L3NATAgent, self).process_router_add(ri)
if self.conf.enable_metadata_proxy:
self._spawn_metadata_proxy(ri.router_id, ri.ns_name)
def _router_removed(self, router_id):
ri = self.router_info.get(router_id)
if ri is None:
LOG.warn(_("Info for router %s were not found. "
"Skipping router removal"), router_id)
return
ri.router['gw_port'] = None
ri.router[l3_constants.INTERFACE_KEY] = []
ri.router[l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_KEY] = []
self.process_router(ri)
for c, r in self.metadata_filter_rules():
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['filter'].remove_rule(c, r)
for c, r in self.metadata_nat_rules():
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['nat'].remove_rule(c, r)
ri.iptables_manager.apply()
if self.conf.enable_metadata_proxy:
self._destroy_metadata_proxy(ri.router_id, ri.ns_name)
del self.router_info[router_id]
self._destroy_router_namespace(ri.ns_name)
def _spawn_metadata_proxy(self, router_id, ns_name):
def callback(pid_file):
metadata_proxy_socket = cfg.CONF.metadata_proxy_socket
proxy_cmd = ['neutron-ns-metadata-proxy',
'--pid_file=%s' % pid_file,
'--metadata_proxy_socket=%s' % metadata_proxy_socket,
'--router_id=%s' % router_id,
'--state_path=%s' % self.conf.state_path,
'--metadata_port=%s' % self.conf.metadata_port]
proxy_cmd.extend(config.get_log_args(
cfg.CONF, 'neutron-ns-metadata-proxy-%s.log' %
router_id))
return proxy_cmd
pm = external_process.ProcessManager(
self.conf,
router_id,
self.root_helper,
ns_name)
pm.enable(callback)
def _destroy_metadata_proxy(self, router_id, ns_name):
pm = external_process.ProcessManager(
self.conf,
router_id,
self.root_helper,
ns_name)
pm.disable()
def _set_subnet_info(self, port):
ips = port['fixed_ips']
if not ips:
raise Exception(_("Router port %s has no IP address") % port['id'])
if len(ips) > 1:
LOG.error(_("Ignoring multiple IPs on router port %s"),
port['id'])
prefixlen = netaddr.IPNetwork(port['subnet']['cidr']).prefixlen
port['ip_cidr'] = "%s/%s" % (ips[0]['ip_address'], prefixlen)
def _get_existing_devices(self, ri):
ip_wrapper = ip_lib.IPWrapper(root_helper=self.root_helper,
namespace=ri.ns_name)
ip_devs = ip_wrapper.get_devices(exclude_loopback=True)
return [ip_dev.name for ip_dev in ip_devs]
def process_router(self, ri):
ri.iptables_manager.defer_apply_on()
ex_gw_port = self._get_ex_gw_port(ri)
internal_ports = ri.router.get(l3_constants.INTERFACE_KEY, [])
existing_port_ids = set([p['id'] for p in ri.internal_ports])
current_port_ids = set([p['id'] for p in internal_ports
if p['admin_state_up']])
new_ports = [p for p in internal_ports if
p['id'] in current_port_ids and
p['id'] not in existing_port_ids]
old_ports = [p for p in ri.internal_ports if
p['id'] not in current_port_ids]
for p in new_ports:
self._set_subnet_info(p)
self.internal_network_added(ri, p['network_id'], p['id'],
p['ip_cidr'], p['mac_address'])
ri.internal_ports.append(p)
for p in old_ports:
self.internal_network_removed(ri, p['id'], p['ip_cidr'])
ri.internal_ports.remove(p)
existing_devices = self._get_existing_devices(ri)
current_internal_devs = set([n for n in existing_devices
if n.startswith(INTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)])
current_port_devs = set([self.get_internal_device_name(id) for
id in current_port_ids])
stale_devs = current_internal_devs - current_port_devs
for stale_dev in stale_devs:
LOG.debug(_('Deleting stale internal router device: %s'),
stale_dev)
self.driver.unplug(stale_dev,
namespace=ri.ns_name,
prefix=INTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)
# Get IPv4 only internal CIDRs
internal_cidrs = [p['ip_cidr'] for p in ri.internal_ports
if netaddr.IPNetwork(p['ip_cidr']).version == 4]
# TODO(salv-orlando): RouterInfo would be a better place for
# this logic too
ex_gw_port_id = (ex_gw_port and ex_gw_port['id'] or
ri.ex_gw_port and ri.ex_gw_port['id'])
interface_name = None
if ex_gw_port_id:
interface_name = self.get_external_device_name(ex_gw_port_id)
if ex_gw_port and not ri.ex_gw_port:
self._set_subnet_info(ex_gw_port)
self.external_gateway_added(ri, ex_gw_port,
interface_name, internal_cidrs)
elif not ex_gw_port and ri.ex_gw_port:
self.external_gateway_removed(ri, ri.ex_gw_port,
interface_name, internal_cidrs)
stale_devs = [dev for dev in existing_devices
if dev.startswith(EXTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)
and dev != interface_name]
for stale_dev in stale_devs:
LOG.debug(_('Deleting stale external router device: %s'),
stale_dev)
self.driver.unplug(stale_dev,
bridge=self.conf.external_network_bridge,
namespace=ri.ns_name,
prefix=EXTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)
# Process static routes for router
self.routes_updated(ri)
# Process SNAT rules for external gateway
ri.perform_snat_action(self._handle_router_snat_rules,
internal_cidrs, interface_name)
# Process SNAT/DNAT rules for floating IPs
fip_statuses = {}
try:
if ex_gw_port:
existing_floating_ips = ri.floating_ips
self.process_router_floating_ip_nat_rules(ri)
ri.iptables_manager.defer_apply_off()
# Once NAT rules for floating IPs are safely in place
# configure their addresses on the external gateway port
fip_statuses = self.process_router_floating_ip_addresses(
ri, ex_gw_port)
except Exception:
# TODO(salv-orlando): Less broad catching
# All floating IPs must be put in error state
for fip in ri.router.get(l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_KEY, []):
fip_statuses[fip['id']] = l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_STATUS_ERROR
if ex_gw_port:
# Identify floating IPs which were disabled
ri.floating_ips = set(fip_statuses.keys())
for fip_id in existing_floating_ips - ri.floating_ips:
fip_statuses[fip_id] = l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_STATUS_DOWN
# Update floating IP status on the neutron server
self.plugin_rpc.update_floatingip_statuses(
self.context, ri.router_id, fip_statuses)
# Update ex_gw_port and enable_snat on the router info cache
ri.ex_gw_port = ex_gw_port
ri.enable_snat = ri.router.get('enable_snat')
def _handle_router_snat_rules(self, ri, ex_gw_port, internal_cidrs,
interface_name, action):
# Remove all the rules
# This is safe because if use_namespaces is set as False
# then the agent can only configure one router, otherwise
# each router's SNAT rules will be in their own namespace
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['nat'].empty_chain('POSTROUTING')
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['nat'].empty_chain('snat')
# Add back the jump to float-snat
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['nat'].add_rule('snat', '-j $float-snat')
# And add them back if the action if add_rules
if action == 'add_rules' and ex_gw_port:
# ex_gw_port should not be None in this case
# NAT rules are added only if ex_gw_port has an IPv4 address
for ip_addr in ex_gw_port['fixed_ips']:
ex_gw_ip = ip_addr['ip_address']
if netaddr.IPAddress(ex_gw_ip).version == 4:
rules = self.external_gateway_nat_rules(ex_gw_ip,
internal_cidrs,
interface_name)
for rule in rules:
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['nat'].add_rule(*rule)
break
ri.iptables_manager.apply()
def process_router_floating_ip_nat_rules(self, ri):
"""Configure NAT rules for the router's floating IPs.
Configures iptables rules for the floating ips of the given router
"""
# Clear out all iptables rules for floating ips
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['nat'].clear_rules_by_tag('floating_ip')
# Loop once to ensure that floating ips are configured.
for fip in ri.router.get(l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_KEY, []):
# Rebuild iptables rules for the floating ip.
fixed = fip['fixed_ip_address']
fip_ip = fip['floating_ip_address']
for chain, rule in self.floating_forward_rules(fip_ip, fixed):
ri.iptables_manager.ipv4['nat'].add_rule(chain, rule,
tag='floating_ip')
ri.iptables_manager.apply()
def process_router_floating_ip_addresses(self, ri, ex_gw_port):
"""Configure IP addresses on router's external gateway interface.
Ensures addresses for existing floating IPs and cleans up
those that should not longer be configured.
"""
fip_statuses = {}
interface_name = self.get_external_device_name(ex_gw_port['id'])
device = ip_lib.IPDevice(interface_name, self.root_helper,
namespace=ri.ns_name)
existing_cidrs = set([addr['cidr'] for addr in device.addr.list()])
new_cidrs = set()
# Loop once to ensure that floating ips are configured.
for fip in ri.router.get(l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_KEY, []):
fip_ip = fip['floating_ip_address']
ip_cidr = str(fip_ip) + FLOATING_IP_CIDR_SUFFIX
new_cidrs.add(ip_cidr)
if ip_cidr not in existing_cidrs:
net = netaddr.IPNetwork(ip_cidr)
try:
device.addr.add(net.version, ip_cidr, str(net.broadcast))
except (processutils.UnknownArgumentError,
processutils.ProcessExecutionError):
# any exception occurred here should cause the floating IP
# to be set in error state
fip_statuses[fip['id']] = (
l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_STATUS_ERROR)
LOG.warn(_("Unable to configure IP address for "
"floating IP: %s"), fip['id'])
continue
# As GARP is processed in a distinct thread the call below
# won't raise an exception to be handled.
self._send_gratuitous_arp_packet(
ri, interface_name, fip_ip)
fip_statuses[fip['id']] = (
l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_STATUS_ACTIVE)
# Clean up addresses that no longer belong on the gateway interface.
for ip_cidr in existing_cidrs - new_cidrs:
if ip_cidr.endswith(FLOATING_IP_CIDR_SUFFIX):
net = netaddr.IPNetwork(ip_cidr)
device.addr.delete(net.version, ip_cidr)
return fip_statuses
def _get_ex_gw_port(self, ri):
return ri.router.get('gw_port')
def _arping(self, ri, interface_name, ip_address):
arping_cmd = ['arping', '-A',
'-I', interface_name,
'-c', self.conf.send_arp_for_ha,
ip_address]
try:
ip_wrapper = ip_lib.IPWrapper(self.root_helper,
namespace=ri.ns_name)
ip_wrapper.netns.execute(arping_cmd, check_exit_code=True)
except Exception as e:
LOG.error(_("Failed sending gratuitous ARP: %s"), str(e))
def _send_gratuitous_arp_packet(self, ri, interface_name, ip_address):
if self.conf.send_arp_for_ha > 0:
eventlet.spawn_n(self._arping, ri, interface_name, ip_address)
def get_internal_device_name(self, port_id):
return (INTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX + port_id)[:self.driver.DEV_NAME_LEN]
def get_external_device_name(self, port_id):
return (EXTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX + port_id)[:self.driver.DEV_NAME_LEN]
def external_gateway_added(self, ri, ex_gw_port,
interface_name, internal_cidrs):
self.driver.plug(ex_gw_port['network_id'],
ex_gw_port['id'], interface_name,
ex_gw_port['mac_address'],
bridge=self.conf.external_network_bridge,
namespace=ri.ns_name,
prefix=EXTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)
# Compute a list of addresses this router is supposed to have.
# This avoids unnecessarily removing those addresses and
# causing a momentarily network outage.
floating_ips = ri.router.get(l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_KEY, [])
preserve_ips = [ip['floating_ip_address'] + FLOATING_IP_CIDR_SUFFIX
for ip in floating_ips]
self.driver.init_l3(interface_name, [ex_gw_port['ip_cidr']],
namespace=ri.ns_name,
preserve_ips=preserve_ips)
ip_address = ex_gw_port['ip_cidr'].split('/')[0]
self._send_gratuitous_arp_packet(ri, interface_name, ip_address)
gw_ip = ex_gw_port['subnet']['gateway_ip']
if ex_gw_port['subnet']['gateway_ip']:
cmd = ['route', 'add', 'default', 'gw', gw_ip]
ip_wrapper = ip_lib.IPWrapper(self.root_helper,
namespace=ri.ns_name)
ip_wrapper.netns.execute(cmd, check_exit_code=False)
def external_gateway_removed(self, ri, ex_gw_port,
interface_name, internal_cidrs):
self.driver.unplug(interface_name,
bridge=self.conf.external_network_bridge,
namespace=ri.ns_name,
prefix=EXTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)
def metadata_filter_rules(self):
rules = []
if self.conf.enable_metadata_proxy:
rules.append(('INPUT', '-s 0.0.0.0/0 -d 127.0.0.1 '
'-p tcp -m tcp --dport %s '
'-j ACCEPT' % self.conf.metadata_port))
return rules
def metadata_nat_rules(self):
rules = []
if self.conf.enable_metadata_proxy:
rules.append(('PREROUTING', '-s 0.0.0.0/0 -d 169.254.169.254/32 '
'-p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT '
'--to-port %s' % self.conf.metadata_port))
return rules
def external_gateway_nat_rules(self, ex_gw_ip, internal_cidrs,
interface_name):
rules = [('POSTROUTING', '! -i %(interface_name)s '
'! -o %(interface_name)s -m conntrack ! '
'--ctstate DNAT -j ACCEPT' %
{'interface_name': interface_name})]
for cidr in internal_cidrs:
rules.extend(self.internal_network_nat_rules(ex_gw_ip, cidr))
return rules
def internal_network_added(self, ri, network_id, port_id,
internal_cidr, mac_address):
interface_name = self.get_internal_device_name(port_id)
if not ip_lib.device_exists(interface_name,
root_helper=self.root_helper,
namespace=ri.ns_name):
self.driver.plug(network_id, port_id, interface_name, mac_address,
namespace=ri.ns_name,
prefix=INTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)
self.driver.init_l3(interface_name, [internal_cidr],
namespace=ri.ns_name)
ip_address = internal_cidr.split('/')[0]
self._send_gratuitous_arp_packet(ri, interface_name, ip_address)
def internal_network_removed(self, ri, port_id, internal_cidr):
interface_name = self.get_internal_device_name(port_id)
if ip_lib.device_exists(interface_name,
root_helper=self.root_helper,
namespace=ri.ns_name):
self.driver.unplug(interface_name, namespace=ri.ns_name,
prefix=INTERNAL_DEV_PREFIX)
def internal_network_nat_rules(self, ex_gw_ip, internal_cidr):
rules = [('snat', '-s %s -j SNAT --to-source %s' %
(internal_cidr, ex_gw_ip))]
return rules
def floating_forward_rules(self, floating_ip, fixed_ip):
return [('PREROUTING', '-d %s -j DNAT --to %s' %
(floating_ip, fixed_ip)),
('OUTPUT', '-d %s -j DNAT --to %s' %
(floating_ip, fixed_ip)),
('float-snat', '-s %s -j SNAT --to %s' %
(fixed_ip, floating_ip))]
def router_deleted(self, context, router_id):
"""Deal with router deletion RPC message."""
LOG.debug(_('Got router deleted notification for %s'), router_id)
self.removed_routers.add(router_id)
def routers_updated(self, context, routers):
"""Deal with routers modification and creation RPC message."""
LOG.debug(_('Got routers updated notification :%s'), routers)
if routers:
# This is needed for backward compatibility
if isinstance(routers[0], dict):
routers = [router['id'] for router in routers]
self.updated_routers.update(routers)
def router_removed_from_agent(self, context, payload):
LOG.debug(_('Got router removed from agent :%r'), payload)
self.removed_routers.add(payload['router_id'])
def router_added_to_agent(self, context, payload):
LOG.debug(_('Got router added to agent :%r'), payload)
self.routers_updated(context, payload)
def _process_routers(self, routers, all_routers=False):
pool = eventlet.GreenPool()
if (self.conf.external_network_bridge and
not ip_lib.device_exists(self.conf.external_network_bridge)):
LOG.error(_("The external network bridge '%s' does not exist"),
self.conf.external_network_bridge)
return
target_ex_net_id = self._fetch_external_net_id()
# if routers are all the routers we have (They are from router sync on
# starting or when error occurs during running), we seek the
# routers which should be removed.
# If routers are from server side notification, we seek them
# from subset of incoming routers and ones we have now.
if all_routers:
prev_router_ids = set(self.router_info)
else:
prev_router_ids = set(self.router_info) & set(
[router['id'] for router in routers])
cur_router_ids = set()
for r in routers:
# If namespaces are disabled, only process the router associated
# with the configured agent id.
if (not self.conf.use_namespaces and
r['id'] != self.conf.router_id):
continue
ex_net_id = (r['external_gateway_info'] or {}).get('network_id')
if not ex_net_id and not self.conf.handle_internal_only_routers:
continue
if (target_ex_net_id and ex_net_id and
ex_net_id != target_ex_net_id):
# Double check that our single external_net_id has not changed
# by forcing a check by RPC.
if (ex_net_id != self._fetch_external_net_id(force=True)):
continue
cur_router_ids.add(r['id'])
if r['id'] not in self.router_info:
self._router_added(r['id'], r)
ri = self.router_info[r['id']]
ri.router = r
pool.spawn_n(self.process_router, ri)
# identify and remove routers that no longer exist
for router_id in prev_router_ids - cur_router_ids:
pool.spawn_n(self._router_removed, router_id)
pool.waitall()
@lockutils.synchronized('l3-agent', 'neutron-')
def _rpc_loop(self):
# _rpc_loop and _sync_routers_task will not be
# executed in the same time because of lock.
# so we can clear the value of updated_routers
# and removed_routers
try:
LOG.debug(_("Starting RPC loop for %d updated routers"),
len(self.updated_routers))
if self.updated_routers:
router_ids = list(self.updated_routers)
routers = self.plugin_rpc.get_routers(
self.context, router_ids)
fetched = set([r['id'] for r in routers])
self.removed_routers.update(self.updated_routers - fetched)
self.updated_routers.clear()
self._process_routers(routers)
self._process_router_delete()
LOG.debug(_("RPC loop successfully completed"))
except Exception:
LOG.exception(_("Failed synchronizing routers"))
self.fullsync = True
def _process_router_delete(self):
current_removed_routers = list(self.removed_routers)
for router_id in current_removed_routers:
self._router_removed(router_id)
self.removed_routers.remove(router_id)
def _router_ids(self):
if not self.conf.use_namespaces:
return [self.conf.router_id]
@periodic_task.periodic_task
@lockutils.synchronized('l3-agent', 'neutron-')
def _sync_routers_task(self, context):
if self.services_sync:
super(L3NATAgent, self).process_services_sync(context)
LOG.debug(_("Starting _sync_routers_task - fullsync:%s"),
self.fullsync)
if not self.fullsync:
return
try:
router_ids = self._router_ids()
self.updated_routers.clear()
self.removed_routers.clear()
routers = self.plugin_rpc.get_routers(
context, router_ids)
LOG.debug(_('Processing :%r'), routers)
self._process_routers(routers, all_routers=True)
self.fullsync = False
LOG.debug(_("_sync_routers_task successfully completed"))
except rpc_common.RPCException:
LOG.exception(_("Failed synchronizing routers due to RPC error"))
self.fullsync = True
return
except Exception:
LOG.exception(_("Failed synchronizing routers"))
self.fullsync = True
# Resync is not necessary for the cleanup of stale
# namespaces.
if self._clean_stale_namespaces:
self._cleanup_namespaces(routers)
def after_start(self):
LOG.info(_("L3 agent started"))
def _update_routing_table(self, ri, operation, route):
cmd = ['ip', 'route', operation, 'to', route['destination'],
'via', route['nexthop']]
ip_wrapper = ip_lib.IPWrapper(self.root_helper,
namespace=ri.ns_name)
ip_wrapper.netns.execute(cmd, check_exit_code=False)
def routes_updated(self, ri):
new_routes = ri.router['routes']
old_routes = ri.routes
adds, removes = common_utils.diff_list_of_dict(old_routes,
new_routes)
for route in adds:
LOG.debug(_("Added route entry is '%s'"), route)
# remove replaced route from deleted route
for del_route in removes:
if route['destination'] == del_route['destination']:
removes.remove(del_route)
#replace success even if there is no existing route
self._update_routing_table(ri, 'replace', route)
for route in removes:
LOG.debug(_("Removed route entry is '%s'"), route)
self._update_routing_table(ri, 'delete', route)
ri.routes = new_routes
class L3NATAgentWithStateReport(L3NATAgent):
def __init__(self, host, conf=None):
super(L3NATAgentWithStateReport, self).__init__(host=host, conf=conf)
self.state_rpc = agent_rpc.PluginReportStateAPI(topics.PLUGIN)
self.agent_state = {
'binary': 'neutron-l3-agent',
'host': host,
'topic': topics.L3_AGENT,
'configurations': {
'use_namespaces': self.conf.use_namespaces,
'router_id': self.conf.router_id,
'handle_internal_only_routers':
self.conf.handle_internal_only_routers,
'external_network_bridge': self.conf.external_network_bridge,
'gateway_external_network_id':
self.conf.gateway_external_network_id,
'interface_driver': self.conf.interface_driver},
'start_flag': True,
'agent_type': l3_constants.AGENT_TYPE_L3}
report_interval = cfg.CONF.AGENT.report_interval
self.use_call = True
if report_interval:
self.heartbeat = loopingcall.FixedIntervalLoopingCall(
self._report_state)
self.heartbeat.start(interval=report_interval)
def _report_state(self):
LOG.debug(_("Report state task started"))
num_ex_gw_ports = 0
num_interfaces = 0
num_floating_ips = 0
router_infos = self.router_info.values()
num_routers = len(router_infos)
for ri in router_infos:
ex_gw_port = self._get_ex_gw_port(ri)
if ex_gw_port:
num_ex_gw_ports += 1
num_interfaces += len(ri.router.get(l3_constants.INTERFACE_KEY,
[]))
num_floating_ips += len(ri.router.get(l3_constants.FLOATINGIP_KEY,
[]))
configurations = self.agent_state['configurations']
configurations['routers'] = num_routers
configurations['ex_gw_ports'] = num_ex_gw_ports
configurations['interfaces'] = num_interfaces
configurations['floating_ips'] = num_floating_ips
try:
self.state_rpc.report_state(self.context, self.agent_state,
self.use_call)
self.agent_state.pop('start_flag', None)
self.use_call = False
LOG.debug(_("Report state task successfully completed"))
except AttributeError:
# This means the server does not support report_state
LOG.warn(_("Neutron server does not support state report."
" State report for this agent will be disabled."))
self.heartbeat.stop()
return
except Exception:
LOG.exception(_("Failed reporting state!"))
def agent_updated(self, context, payload):
"""Handle the agent_updated notification event."""
self.fullsync = True
LOG.info(_("agent_updated by server side %s!"), payload)
def main(manager='neutron.agent.l3_agent.L3NATAgentWithStateReport'):
eventlet.monkey_patch()
conf = cfg.CONF
conf.register_opts(L3NATAgent.OPTS)
config.register_interface_driver_opts_helper(conf)
config.register_use_namespaces_opts_helper(conf)
config.register_agent_state_opts_helper(conf)
config.register_root_helper(conf)
conf.register_opts(interface.OPTS)
conf.register_opts(external_process.OPTS)
conf(project='neutron')
config.setup_logging(conf)
server = neutron_service.Service.create(
binary='neutron-l3-agent',
topic=topics.L3_AGENT,
report_interval=cfg.CONF.AGENT.report_interval,
manager=manager)
service.launch(server).wait()