OpenStack Common DB Code
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# Copyright 2010-2011 OpenStack Foundation
# Copyright 2012-2013 IBM Corp.
# All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
import functools
import logging
import os
import subprocess
import lockfile
from oslotest import base as test_base
from six import moves
from six.moves.urllib import parse
import sqlalchemy
import sqlalchemy.exc
from oslo.db.openstack.common.gettextutils import _LE
from oslo.db.sqlalchemy import utils
LOG = logging.getLogger(__name__)
def _have_mysql(user, passwd, database):
present = os.environ.get('TEST_MYSQL_PRESENT')
if present is None:
return utils.is_backend_avail(backend='mysql',
user=user,
passwd=passwd,
database=database)
return present.lower() in ('', 'true')
def _have_postgresql(user, passwd, database):
present = os.environ.get('TEST_POSTGRESQL_PRESENT')
if present is None:
return utils.is_backend_avail(backend='postgres',
user=user,
passwd=passwd,
database=database)
return present.lower() in ('', 'true')
def _set_db_lock(lock_path=None, lock_prefix=None):
def decorator(f):
@functools.wraps(f)
def wrapper(*args, **kwargs):
try:
path = lock_path or os.environ.get("OSLO_LOCK_PATH")
lock = lockfile.FileLock(os.path.join(path, lock_prefix))
with lock:
LOG.debug('Got lock "%s"', f.__name__)
return f(*args, **kwargs)
finally:
LOG.debug('Lock released "%s"', f.__name__)
return wrapper
return decorator
class BaseMigrationTestCase(test_base.BaseTestCase):
"""Base class fort testing of migration utils."""
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
super(BaseMigrationTestCase, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.DEFAULT_CONFIG_FILE = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__),
'test_migrations.conf')
# Test machines can set the TEST_MIGRATIONS_CONF variable
# to override the location of the config file for migration testing
self.CONFIG_FILE_PATH = os.environ.get('TEST_MIGRATIONS_CONF',
self.DEFAULT_CONFIG_FILE)
self.test_databases = {}
self.migration_api = None
def setUp(self):
super(BaseMigrationTestCase, self).setUp()
# Load test databases from the config file. Only do this
# once. No need to re-run this on each test...
LOG.debug('config_path is %s', self.CONFIG_FILE_PATH)
if os.path.exists(self.CONFIG_FILE_PATH):
cp = moves.configparser.RawConfigParser()
try:
cp.read(self.CONFIG_FILE_PATH)
defaults = cp.defaults()
for key, value in defaults.items():
self.test_databases[key] = value
except moves.configparser.ParsingError as e:
self.fail("Failed to read test_migrations.conf config "
"file. Got error: %s" % e)
else:
self.fail("Failed to find test_migrations.conf config "
"file.")
self.engines = {}
for key, value in self.test_databases.items():
self.engines[key] = sqlalchemy.create_engine(value)
# We start each test case with a completely blank slate.
self._reset_databases()
def tearDown(self):
# We destroy the test data store between each test case,
# and recreate it, which ensures that we have no side-effects
# from the tests
self._reset_databases()
super(BaseMigrationTestCase, self).tearDown()
def execute_cmd(self, cmd=None):
process = subprocess.Popen(cmd, shell=True, stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
output = process.communicate()[0]
LOG.debug(output)
self.assertEqual(0, process.returncode,
"Failed to run: %s\n%s" % (cmd, output))
def _reset_pg(self, conn_pieces):
(user,
password,
database,
host) = utils.get_db_connection_info(conn_pieces)
os.environ['PGPASSWORD'] = password
os.environ['PGUSER'] = user
# note(boris-42): We must create and drop database, we can't
# drop database which we have connected to, so for such
# operations there is a special database template1.
sqlcmd = ("psql -w -U %(user)s -h %(host)s -c"
" '%(sql)s' -d template1")
sql = ("drop database if exists %s;") % database
droptable = sqlcmd % {'user': user, 'host': host, 'sql': sql}
self.execute_cmd(droptable)
sql = ("create database %s;") % database
createtable = sqlcmd % {'user': user, 'host': host, 'sql': sql}
self.execute_cmd(createtable)
os.unsetenv('PGPASSWORD')
os.unsetenv('PGUSER')
@_set_db_lock(lock_prefix='migration_tests-')
def _reset_databases(self):
for key, engine in self.engines.items():
conn_string = self.test_databases[key]
conn_pieces = parse.urlparse(conn_string)
engine.dispose()
if conn_string.startswith('sqlite'):
# We can just delete the SQLite database, which is
# the easiest and cleanest solution
db_path = conn_pieces.path.strip('/')
if os.path.exists(db_path):
os.unlink(db_path)
# No need to recreate the SQLite DB. SQLite will
# create it for us if it's not there...
elif conn_string.startswith('mysql'):
# We can execute the MySQL client to destroy and re-create
# the MYSQL database, which is easier and less error-prone
# than using SQLAlchemy to do this via MetaData...trust me.
(user, password, database, host) = \
utils.get_db_connection_info(conn_pieces)
sql = ("drop database if exists %(db)s; "
"create database %(db)s;") % {'db': database}
cmd = ("mysql -u \"%(user)s\" -p\"%(password)s\" -h %(host)s "
"-e \"%(sql)s\"") % {'user': user, 'password': password,
'host': host, 'sql': sql}
self.execute_cmd(cmd)
elif conn_string.startswith('postgresql'):
self._reset_pg(conn_pieces)
class WalkVersionsMixin(object):
def _walk_versions(self, engine=None, snake_walk=False, downgrade=True):
# Determine latest version script from the repo, then
# upgrade from 1 through to the latest, with no data
# in the databases. This just checks that the schema itself
# upgrades successfully.
# Place the database under version control
self.migration_api.version_control(engine, self.REPOSITORY,
self.INIT_VERSION)
self.assertEqual(self.INIT_VERSION,
self.migration_api.db_version(engine,
self.REPOSITORY))
LOG.debug('latest version is %s', self.REPOSITORY.latest)
versions = range(self.INIT_VERSION + 1, self.REPOSITORY.latest + 1)
for version in versions:
# upgrade -> downgrade -> upgrade
self._migrate_up(engine, version, with_data=True)
if snake_walk:
downgraded = self._migrate_down(
engine, version - 1, with_data=True)
if downgraded:
self._migrate_up(engine, version)
if downgrade:
# Now walk it back down to 0 from the latest, testing
# the downgrade paths.
for version in reversed(versions):
# downgrade -> upgrade -> downgrade
downgraded = self._migrate_down(engine, version - 1)
if snake_walk and downgraded:
self._migrate_up(engine, version)
self._migrate_down(engine, version - 1)
def _migrate_down(self, engine, version, with_data=False):
try:
self.migration_api.downgrade(engine, self.REPOSITORY, version)
except NotImplementedError:
# NOTE(sirp): some migrations, namely release-level
# migrations, don't support a downgrade.
return False
self.assertEqual(
version, self.migration_api.db_version(engine, self.REPOSITORY))
# NOTE(sirp): `version` is what we're downgrading to (i.e. the 'target'
# version). So if we have any downgrade checks, they need to be run for
# the previous (higher numbered) migration.
if with_data:
post_downgrade = getattr(
self, "_post_downgrade_%03d" % (version + 1), None)
if post_downgrade:
post_downgrade(engine)
return True
def _migrate_up(self, engine, version, with_data=False):
"""migrate up to a new version of the db.
We allow for data insertion and post checks at every
migration version with special _pre_upgrade_### and
_check_### functions in the main test.
"""
# NOTE(sdague): try block is here because it's impossible to debug
# where a failed data migration happens otherwise
try:
if with_data:
data = None
pre_upgrade = getattr(
self, "_pre_upgrade_%03d" % version, None)
if pre_upgrade:
data = pre_upgrade(engine)
self.migration_api.upgrade(engine, self.REPOSITORY, version)
self.assertEqual(version,
self.migration_api.db_version(engine,
self.REPOSITORY))
if with_data:
check = getattr(self, "_check_%03d" % version, None)
if check:
check(engine, data)
except Exception:
LOG.error(_LE("Failed to migrate to version %(version)s on "
"engine %(engine)s"), {'version': version,
'engine': engine})
raise