Pacemaker Puppet Module
You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
Michele Baldessari 0c5d69921d Introduce a pcs_without_push function 3 days ago
agent_generator Make the redfish stonith agent a manual agent and add two workaround 3 months ago
doc Follow the new PTI for document build 1 year ago
examples Merge with fuel-infra/puppet-pacemaker 3 years ago
lib Introduce a pcs_without_push function 3 days ago
manifests Make the redfish stonith agent a manual agent and add two workaround 3 months ago
releasenotes Update master for stable/0.7.x 2 months ago
spec Initial pcs 0.10 support 3 months ago
templates Merge with fuel-infra/puppet-pacemaker 3 years ago
.fixtures.yml Pin puppet-stdlib to 4.16.0 1 year ago
.gitignore Dissuade .gitignore references to personal tools 7 months ago
.gitreview OpenDev Migration Patch 1 month ago
.rspec Merge with fuel-infra/puppet-pacemaker 3 years ago
.rubocop.yml Merge with fuel-infra/puppet-pacemaker 3 years ago
.travis.yml Merge with fuel-infra/puppet-pacemaker 3 years ago
.zuul.yaml switch documentation job to new PTI 8 months ago
CONTRIBUTING.md Merge with fuel-infra/puppet-pacemaker 3 years ago
Gemfile Remove unneeded spec testing file 5 months ago
LICENSE Initial Commit 6 years ago
README.md Merge "Add 'Development' in README" 7 months ago
Rakefile Disable the deprecation warnings as errors for puppet-syntax 2 years ago
TODO.md Merge with fuel-infra/puppet-pacemaker 3 years ago
bindep.txt Introduce some new functions in pcmk_common 1 year ago
metadata.json Release 0.7.2 2 months ago
setup.cfg Update mailinglist from dev to discuss 5 months ago
setup.py CI: specinfra, xenial, lint, puppet bug. 2 years ago
tox.ini Update min tox version to 2.0 7 months ago

README.md

Puppet Pacemaker module

This Puppet module is intended to work with the running Pacemaker cluster to manage its configuration. It can create, update and remove most of the configuration objects and query their status.

The interface of the Puppet types in the module is loosely based on puppetlabs/corosync types with cs_ prefix changed to the pacemaker_ prefix but it have been significantly reworked and is not compatible.

puppet-pacemaker is much more sophisticated then the puppetlabs/corosync module and provides a lot of debugging features, checks, configuration options and it can work even when the Puppet is being run on many cluster nodes at the same time and without neither crm nor pcs being installed.

License

Apache 2.0

Pacemaker types

These types are used to configure Pacemaker object and are the core of this module. You can find some “interactive examples” of their usage in the examples folder.

pacemaker_resource

This is the most important resource type. It creates, updates and removes Pacemaker primitives.

Parameters

primitive_class

The basic class of this primitive. It could be ocf, lsb, systemd and some others. Default: ocf

primitive_provider

The provider or vendor of the primitive. For OCF class can be pacemaker, heartbeat or vendor-specific values. Default: pacemaker

primitive_type

The actual provider script or service to use. Should be equal to the OCF file name, or to the service name if other classes are used. Default: Stateful

parameters

The Hash of resource instance attribute names and their values. These attributes are used to configure the running service and, usually, only OCF class supports them.

Example:

{
  'a' => '1',
  'b' => '2',
},

operation

This data structure describes this primitive’s operations and timeouts.

Example:

{
  'monitor' => {
    'interval' => '20',
    'timeout'  => '10'
  },
  'start'   => {
    'timeout' => '30'
  },
  'stop'    => {
    'timeout' => '30'
  },
}

Using array and multiple monitors:

[
  {
    'name'     => 'monitor',
    'interval' => '10',
    'timeout'  => '10',
  },
  {
    'name'     => 'monitor',
    'interval' => '60',
    'timeout'  => '10',
  },
  {
    'name'    => 'start',
    'timeout' => '30',
  },
  {
    'name'    => 'stop',
    'timeout' => '30',
  },
]

metadata

This hash can contain names and values of primitive’s meta attributes.

Example:

{
  'migration-threshold' => '100',
  'failure-timeout'     => '120',
}

complex_type

A primitive can be either a simple one, and run only as a single instance. Or it can be clone and have many instances, or it can be master and be able to have master and slave states. Default: simple

complex_metadata

A hash of complex type related metadata names and values.

Example:

{
  'interleave' => true,
  'master-max' => '1',
}

debug

This option makes supported provides to omit any changes to the system. Providers will still retrieve the system state, compare it to the desired state from the catalog and will try to sync state if there are differences. But it will only show destructive commands that it would be executing in the normal mode. It’s better then Puppet’s noop mode because it shows sync actions and is useful for debugging. Default: false

pacemaker_location

This type can manage location constraints. Either the node and score based ones or the rule based ones. This constraints can control the primitive placement to nodes through priorities or rules.

Parameters

primitive

The name of the Pacemaker primitive of this location.

score

The score values for a node/score location.

node

The node name of the node/score location.

rules

The rules data structure.

Example:

[
  {
    'score' => '100',
    'expressions' => [
      {
        'attribute' => 'test1',
        'operation' => 'defined',
      }
    ]
  },
  {
    'score' => '200',
    'expressions' => [
      {
        'attribute' => 'test2',
        'operation' => 'defined',
      }
    ]
  }
]

debug

Don’t actually do changes Default: false

pacemaker_colocation

This type manages colocation constraints. If two resources are in a colocation they will always be on the same node. Note that colocation implies the start order because the second resource will always start after the first.

Parameters

first

The name of the first primitive

second

The name of the second primitive

score

The priority score of this constraint

debug

Don’t actually do changes Default: false

pacemaker_order

This type can manage the order constraints. These constraints controls the start and stop ordering of resources. Order doesn’t imply colocation and resources can run on different nodes.

Parameters

first

(Mandatory) The name of the first primitive.

second

(Mandatory) The name of the second primitive.

score

The priority score of this constraint. If greater than zero, the constraint is mandatory. Otherwise it is only a suggestion. Used for Pacemaker version 1.0 and below. Default: undef

first_action

The action that the first resource must complete before second action can be initiated for the then resource. Allowed values: start, stop, promote, demote. Default: undef (means start)

second_action

The action that the then resource can execute only after the first action on the first resource has completed. Allowed values: start, stop, promote, demote. Default: undef (means the value of the first action)

kind

How to enforce the constraint. Allowed values:

  • optional: Just a suggestion. Only applies if both resources are executing the specified actions. Any change in state by the first resource will have no effect on the then resource.
  • mandatory: Always. If first does not perform first-action, then will not be allowed to performed then-action. If first is restarted, then (if running) will be stopped beforehand and started afterward.
  • serialize: Ensure that no two stop/start actions occur concurrently for the resources. First and then can start in either order, but one must complete starting before the other can be started. A typical use case is when resource start-up puts a high load on the host.

Used only with Pacemaker version 1.1 and above. Default: undef

symmetrical

If true, the reverse of the constraint applies for the opposite action (for example, if B starts after A starts, then B stops before A stops).

Default: undef (means true)

require_all

Whether all members of the set must be active before continuing.

Default: undef (means true)

debug

Don’t actually do changes Default: false

pacemaker_operation_default

This little type controls the default operation properties of the cluster resources. For example, you can set the default timeout for every operation without it’s own configured timeout value.

parameters

name

The default property name

value

The default property value

debug

Don’t actually do changes Default: false

Example:

pacemaker_operation_default { 'timeout' : value => '30' }

pacemaker_resource_default

This little type controls the default meta-attributes of all resources without their own defined values.

parameters

name

The default property name

value

The default property value

debug

Don’t actually do changes Default: false

Example:

pacemaker_resource_default { 'resource-stickiness' : value => '100' }

pacemaker_property

This tiny type can the cluster-wide properties.

parameters

name

The property name

value

The property value

debug

Don’t actually do changes Default: false

Example:

pacemaker_property { 'stonith-enabled' :
  value => false,
}
pacemaker_property { 'no-quorum-policy' :
  value => 'ignore',
}

pacemaker_online

This little resource can wait until the cluster have settled and ready to be configured. It can be useful in some cases, perhaps as an anchor, but most other type’s xml providers can wait for cluster on their own.

Example:

pacemaker_online { 'setup-finished' :}

service (pacemaker provider)

This type uses the standard service type from the Puppet distribution but implements the custom pacemaker provider. It can be used to start and stop Pacemaker services the same way the Puppet starts and stops system services.

It can query the service status, either on the entire cluster or on the local node, start and stop single, cloned and master services.

There are also two special features:

  • Adding location constraints. This provider can add the location constraint to enable the run of the primitive on the current node. It’s needed in the asymmetric cluster configuration where services are not allowed to start anywhere unless explicitly allowed to.
  • Disabling the basic service. For example, you have the apache primitive service in your cluster and are using an OCF script to manage it. In this can you will not want another instance of apache to start by the system init scripts or startup service. The provider will detect the running basic service and will stop and disable it’s auto-run before trying to start the cluster service.

pacemaker_nodes

This type is very special and designed to add and remove corosync 2 nodes without restarting the service by providing the data structure like this:

{
  'node-1' => { 'id' => '1', 'ip' => '192.168.0.1'},
  'node-2' => { 'id' => '2', 'ip' => '192.168.0.2'},
}

Most likely you should never use this type.

Pacemaker providers

Each pacemaker_ type may have up to three different providers:

  • xml provider. This provider is based on the pacemaker library XML parsing and generating capabilities and in most canes require only cibadmin to download XML CIB and apply patches, but can use crm_attribute too. These tools are written in C and are the core parts of the Pacemaker project and most likely will be present on every system.

  • pcs provider. These provides are designed around the pcs cluster management tool usually found on Red Hat family systems. They should not be as complex as xml providers, but pcs may not be available on you distribution. Currently it’s implemented only for few types and they disabled because there is no reason to actually use them.

  • noop provider. These providers do absolutely nothing completely disabling the resource if the provider is manually set to noop. This resource will not fail even if there is no Pacemaker installed. It can be useful if you want to turn off several resources. Puppet’s noop meta-attribute will not do the same this because it still does the retrieve phase and will fail if the state cannot be obtained.

pacemaker::wrapper

This definition can be applied to any Puppet managed service, even from a third party module, and make this service a Pacemaker managed service without modifying the Puppet code.

Wrapper can also create the OCF script from a Puppet file or template, or the script can be obtained elsewhere. Actually, wrappers are only practical for OCF managed services, because lsb, systemd or upstart services can be managed directly by the cluster.

It can also create ocf_handlers. The OCF handler is a special shell script that can call the OCF script with all environment variables and parameters set. The handler can be used to take manual control over the pacemaker managed service and start and stop them without the cluster. It can be useful for debugging or during the disaster recovery.

Parameters

ensure

(optional) Create or remove the files Default: present

ocf_root_path

(optional) Path to the ocf folder Default: /usr/lib/ocf

primitive_class

(optional) Class of the created primitive Default: ocf

primitive_provider

(optional) Provider of the created primitive Default: pacemaker

primitive_type

(optional) Type of the created primitive. Set this to your OCF script. Default: Stateful

prefix

(optional) Use p_ prefix for the Pacemaker primitive. There is no need to use it since the service provider can disable the basic service on its own. Default: false

parameters

(optional) Instance attributes hash of the primitive Default: undef

operations

(optional) Operations hash of the primitive Default: undef

metadata

(optional) Primitive meta-attributes hash Default: undef

complex_metadata

(optional) Meta-attributes of the complex primitive Default: undef

complex_type

(optional) Set this to ‘clone’ or ‘master’ to create a complex primitive Default: undef

use_handler

(optional) Should the handler script be created Default: true

handler_root_path

(optional) Where the handler should be placed Default: /usr/local/bin

ocf_script_template

(optional) Generate the OCF script from this template Default: undef

ocf_script_file

(optional) Download the OCF script from this file Defaults: undef

create_primitive

(optional) Should the Pacemaker primitive be created Defaults: true

service_provider

(optional) The name of Pacemaker service provider to be set to this service. Default: pacemaker

For example, if you have a simple service:

service { 'apache' :
  ensure => 'running',
  enable => true,
}

You can convert it to the Pacemaker service just by adding this definition:

pacemaker:wrapper { 'apache' :
  primitive_type => 'apache',
  parameters => {
    'port' => '80',
  },
  operations => {
    'monitor' => {
      'interval' => '10',
    },
  },
}

Provided there is the ocf:pacemaker:apache script with the port parameter, the apache Pacemaker primitive will be created and started and the basic apache service will be disabled and stopped.

STONITH

STONITH manifests are auto generated from the XML source files by the generator script.

rake generate_stonith

The generated defined types can be found in manifests/stonith. Every STONITH implementation has different parameters.

Example:

class { "pacemaker::stonith::ipmilan" :
  address  => "10.10.10.100",
  username => "admin",
  password => "admin",
}

Development

Library structure

You can find these folders inside the lib:

  • facter contains the fact pacemaker_node_name. It is equal to the node name from the Pacemaker point of view. May be equal to either $::hostname of $::fqdn.

  • pacemaker contains the Pacemaker library files. The Pacemaker module functions are split to submodules according to their role. There are also xml and pcs groups of files related to either pcs or xml provider and several common files.

  • puppet contains Puppet types and provider. They are using the functions from the Pacemaker library.

  • serverspec contains the custom ServerSpec types to work with Pacemaker. They are using the same library Puppet types and providers do. These types are used in the Acceptance tests to validate that Pacemaker have really be configured and its configuration contains the desired elements and parameters.

  • tools contains two interactive tools: console and status. Console can be used to manually run the library functions either to debug them or to configure the cluster by hand. Status uses the library functions to implement something like pcs or crm status command to see the current cluster status.

Data flow

When the catalog is being compiled the instance of each type will be created and properties and parameters values will be assigned.

At this stage the values can be validated. If the property has the validate function it will be called to check if the value is correct or the exception can be raised. After tha validation the munge function will be called if the values need to be changed or converted somehow. If the property accepts the array value every elements will be validated and then munged separately.

When the catalog is compiled and delivered to the node Puppet will start to apply it.

Data retrieval

Puppet type will try to retrieve the current state first. It will either use prefetch mechanics if it’s enabled or will simply walk through every resource in the catalog calling exists? functions and then other getter functions to determine the current system state.

If prefetch is used, it will assign every provider, generated by the instances function to the corresponding resource in the catalog. During the transaction the resource will be able to use already acquired data speeding the Puppet run up a little. Without prefetch each provider will receive the system state when its resource is processed separately.

Complex providers

Providers: pacemaker_resource, pacemaker_location, pacemaker_colocation, pacemaker_order.

This providers use retrieve_data function to get the configuration and status data from the library and convert it to the form used in the Puppet type by filling the property_hash. This happens either during prefetch or when the exists? function is called. Other getter function will just take their values from the property_hash after it was filled with data.

Simple providers

Providers: pacemaker_property, pacemaker_resource_default, pacemaker_operation_default, pacemaker_online.

These providers are much more simple. There is no retrieve_data function and the values are just passed as the property_hash to the provider from instances if the prefetch is used and then are taken from this hash by the getter functions. If there is no prefetch and property_hash is empty the values are retrieved from the library directly by the getters. Actually there is only one getter for value and an implicit getter for ensure or no getter at all for the not ensurable pacemaker_online.

Library

Both complex and simple providers are using the library functions to get the current state of the system. There is the main data structure for each entity the library can work with. For example, the resources use the primitives structure.

Every provider can either take the values directly from this structure or it can use one of the many values helpers and predicate functions such as primitive_type or primitive_is_complex?. Most of these helper functions are taking the resource name as an argument and try to find the asked values in the data structure and return it.

The main data structures are formed by functions and their values are memorised and returned from the cache every time they are called again. Sometimes, when the new values should be acquired from the system this memoization can be dropped by calling the cib_reset function.

Every data structure get its values by parsing the CIB XML. This xml is got by calling the cibaqmin -Q command. Then the REXML document is created with this data and saved too. It can be accessed by the cib function, or, you can even set the new XML text to using the cib= function if you want the library to use the prepared XML data instead of receiving the new one.

Data structures are formed by using CIB section filter functions like cib_section_primitives which return the requested part of the CIB. Then these objects are parsed into the data structures.

For a library user is most cases there is no need to work with anything but main data structures and helper getters and predicates.

These are the main data structures:

  • primitives The list of primitives and their configurations.
  • node_status The current primitive status by node.
  • constraints All types of constraints and their parameters.
  • constraint_colocations Filtered colocation constraints.
  • constraint_locations Filtered location constraints.
  • constraint_orders Filtered order constraints.
  • nodes Cluster nodes ands their ids.
  • operation_defaults Defined operation defaults and their values.
  • resource_defaults Defined resource defaults and their values.
  • cluster_properties Defined cluster properties and their values.

PCS based versions of the data structures:

  • pcs_operation_defaults Defined operation defaults and their values.
  • pcs_resource_defaults Defined resource defaults and their values.
  • pcs_cluster_properties Defined cluster properties and their values.

Data matching

After the provider have retrieved the current system state one way or another and it’s getters are able to return the values the types starts to check is these values are equal to the desired ones.

For every property the value will be retrieved by it’s getter function in the provider and the value will be compared to the value the type got from the catalog using the insync? function. Usually there is not need to change it’s behaviour and this function can be left unimplemented and taken from the parent implementation, but in some cases this comparison should use a special function to check if the data structures are equal if the conversion or filtering is required and a the custom insync? should somehow determine is is is equal to should or not. Function is_to_s and should_to_s will be used to format the property change message in the puppet log.

Data syncing

If the retrieved data for the property was different from the desired one or if the resource doesn’t exist at all the type will try to sync the values.

If the resource was found not to exist the create method will be called. It should create the new resource with all parameters or fill the property hash with them. If the resource should be removed the destroy function will be called. If should either actually destroy the resource or clear the property hash and set ensure to absent.

If the resource exists and should not be removed but has incorrect parameter values the setters will be used to set properties to the desired values. Each setter can either set the value directly or modify the property hash.

Finally, the flush function will be called if it’s defined. This function should use the values from the property hash to actually change the system state by creating, removing or updating the resource. If getters and setters are not using the property hash and are making changes directly there is not need for the flush function.

Complex providers

Complex providers are using the property hash to set the values and the flush function to modify the pacemaker configuration. When the property_hash is formed by using the create function or setter function the flush method should convert the values from the property hash to the library friendly data structure. Then the XML generator function can be called to convert this structure to the XML patch that can be applied to the CIB, and the cibadmin --patch command will be called to apply it. If the resource should be removed the small XML patch can be applied by the remove function directly.

All command calls that are changing the system should be run as their safe versions. They will not be executed if the debug parameter is enabled and will be just shown in the log.

Simple providers

Simple providers are not using the flush function and setters are modifying the system directly. XML generator are not used too and the values are set using the crm_attribute command calls. Service provider can also use crm_attribute to change the service status.

PCS versions of these providers are using the pcs command calls for the same purpose. PCS providers should be using their own main data structures and are designed to be as simple as possible.

Special providers

The providers of service and pacemaker_nodes types are working very differently from other.

Service provider is not ensurable and cannot create services but can control their status. It will use the library to get the status of the service’s primitive, try to start or stop it, and then will wait for this action to succeed. It is also capable of adding the service location constraints using the special library function and stopping and disabling the basic service using another provider instance.

Pcmk_nodes provider uses the nodes structure but work mostly with corosync nodes using the corosync-cmapctl of the Corosync2 installation. It will match the exiting nodes to the desired node list and will remove all extra corosync nodes and add the missing ones. It can also remove the extra Pacemaker nodes but adding new nodes is not required because Pacemaker will handle it on its own and therefore should be disabled.

Custom configuration

Some aspects of the providers behaviour can be controlled by the options.yaml. This file can be found at lib/pacemaker/options.yaml and contains all set options and their descriptions.

Testing and debugging

Specs

Most of the code base in the library has Ruby specs as well as Puppet types and providers.

  • unit/puppet Contains the specs for Puppet types and providers as well as the spec for the whole Pacemaker library and the fixture XML file. Most of the library, type and provider function are tested here.

  • unit/serverspec Contains the specs for the ServerSpec types. They are used to check that these types are working correctly as well as indirectly checking the library too.

  • classes and defined have rspec-puppet tests for the classes and definitions.

  • acceptance These tests are using the ServerSpec types to check that the module is actually configuring the cluster correctly on the virtual system. First, the corosync and pacemaker is being installed on the newly created system, then the test manifests in the examples folder are applied to check if the resources can be successfully created, updated and removed. Every time the specs look into the pacemaker configuration to ensure that the resources are present and have the correct properties.

ServerSpec types

  • Pcmk_resource
  • Pcmk_location
  • Pcmk_colocation
  • Pcmk_order
  • Pcmk_property
  • Pcmk_resource_default
  • Pcmk_operation_default

You can find the description of the properties in the actual type files and examples in the spec/serverspec and spec/acceptance.

Manual testing

The library provides debug checkpoints for a lot of function calls and their output can be seen in the Puppet debug log.

Service provider uses the cluster_debug_report function to output the formatted report of the current cluster state.

Pacemaker debug block start at 'test'
-> Clone primitive: 'p_neutron-plugin-openvswitch-agent-clone'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: STOP | node-3: STOP
-> Simple primitive: 'p_ceilometer-alarm-evaluator'
   node-1: STOP | node-2: STOP (F) | node-3: STOP (F)
-> Simple primitive: 'p_heat-engine'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: STOP | node-3: STOP
-> Simple primitive: 'p_ceilometer-agent-central'
   node-1: STOP | node-2: STOP (F) | node-3: STOP (F)
-> Simple primitive: 'vip__management'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: STOP (L) | node-3: STOP (L)
-> Clone primitive: 'ping_vip__public-clone'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: START (L) | node-3: START (L)
-> Clone primitive: 'p_neutron-l3-agent-clone'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: STOP | node-3: STOP
-> Clone primitive: 'p_neutron-metadata-agent-clone'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: STOP | node-3: STOP
-> Clone primitive: 'p_mysql-clone'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: START (L) | node-3: STOP
-> Simple primitive: 'p_neutron-dhcp-agent'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: STOP | node-3: STOP
-> Simple primitive: 'vip__public'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: STOP (L) | node-3: STOP (L)
-> Clone primitive: 'p_haproxy-clone'
   node-1: START (L) | node-2: START (L) | node-3: STOP
-> Master primitive: 'p_rabbitmq-server-master'
   node-1: MASTER (L) | node-2: START (L) | node-3: STOP
* symmetric-cluster: false
* no-quorum-policy: ignore
Pacemaker debug block end at 'test'
  • (L) The location constraint for this resource is created in this node
  • (F) This resource have failed on this node
  • (M) This resource is not managed

Inserting this function into other providers can be helpful if you need to se the status of all surrounding resources.

Using the debug property of most resources can help you to debug the providers without damaging the system configuration.