OpenStack Compute (Nova) Client
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# Copyright 2010 Jacob Kaplan-Moss
# Copyright 2011 OpenStack Foundation
# All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
"""
Command-line interface to the OpenStack Nova API.
"""
from __future__ import print_function
import argparse
import getpass
import glob
import imp
import itertools
import logging
import os
import pkgutil
import sys
from keystoneclient.auth.identity.generic import password
from keystoneclient.auth.identity.generic import token
from keystoneclient.auth.identity import v3 as identity
from keystoneclient import session as ksession
from oslo_utils import encodeutils
from oslo_utils import strutils
import pkg_resources
import six
HAS_KEYRING = False
all_errors = ValueError
try:
import keyring
HAS_KEYRING = True
except ImportError:
pass
import novaclient
import novaclient.auth_plugin
from novaclient import client
from novaclient import exceptions as exc
import novaclient.extension
from novaclient.i18n import _
from novaclient.openstack.common import cliutils
from novaclient import utils
from novaclient.v2 import shell as shell_v2
DEFAULT_OS_COMPUTE_API_VERSION = "2"
DEFAULT_NOVA_ENDPOINT_TYPE = 'publicURL'
# NOTE(cyeoh): Having the service type dependent on the API version
# is pretty ugly, but we have to do this because traditionally the
# catalog entry for compute points directly to the V2 API rather than
# the root, and then doing version discovery.
DEFAULT_NOVA_SERVICE_TYPE_MAP = {'1.1': 'compute',
'2': 'compute',
'3': 'computev3'}
logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)
def positive_non_zero_float(text):
if text is None:
return None
try:
value = float(text)
except ValueError:
msg = _("%s must be a float") % text
raise argparse.ArgumentTypeError(msg)
if value <= 0:
msg = _("%s must be greater than 0") % text
raise argparse.ArgumentTypeError(msg)
return value
class SecretsHelper(object):
def __init__(self, args, client):
self.args = args
self.client = client
self.key = None
self._password = None
def _validate_string(self, text):
if text is None or len(text) == 0:
return False
return True
def _make_key(self):
if self.key is not None:
return self.key
keys = [
self.client.auth_url,
self.client.projectid,
self.client.user,
self.client.region_name,
self.client.endpoint_type,
self.client.service_type,
self.client.service_name,
self.client.volume_service_name,
]
for (index, key) in enumerate(keys):
if key is None:
keys[index] = '?'
else:
keys[index] = str(keys[index])
self.key = "/".join(keys)
return self.key
def _prompt_password(self, verify=True):
pw = None
if hasattr(sys.stdin, 'isatty') and sys.stdin.isatty():
# Check for Ctl-D
try:
while True:
pw1 = getpass.getpass('OS Password: ')
if verify:
pw2 = getpass.getpass('Please verify: ')
else:
pw2 = pw1
if pw1 == pw2 and self._validate_string(pw1):
pw = pw1
break
except EOFError:
pass
return pw
def save(self, auth_token, management_url, tenant_id):
if not HAS_KEYRING or not self.args.os_cache:
return
if (auth_token == self.auth_token and
management_url == self.management_url):
# Nothing changed....
return
if not all([management_url, auth_token, tenant_id]):
raise ValueError(_("Unable to save empty management url/auth "
"token"))
value = "|".join([str(auth_token),
str(management_url),
str(tenant_id)])
keyring.set_password("novaclient_auth", self._make_key(), value)
@property
def password(self):
# Cache password so we prompt user at most once
if self._password:
pass
elif self._validate_string(self.args.os_password):
self._password = self.args.os_password
else:
verify_pass = strutils.bool_from_string(
cliutils.env("OS_VERIFY_PASSWORD", default=False), True)
self._password = self._prompt_password(verify_pass)
if not self._password:
raise exc.CommandError(
'Expecting a password provided via either '
'--os-password, env[OS_PASSWORD], or '
'prompted response')
return self._password
@property
def management_url(self):
if not HAS_KEYRING or not self.args.os_cache:
return None
management_url = None
try:
block = keyring.get_password('novaclient_auth', self._make_key())
if block:
_token, management_url, _tenant_id = block.split('|', 2)
except all_errors:
pass
return management_url
@property
def auth_token(self):
# Now is where it gets complicated since we
# want to look into the keyring module, if it
# exists and see if anything was provided in that
# file that we can use.
if not HAS_KEYRING or not self.args.os_cache:
return None
token = None
try:
block = keyring.get_password('novaclient_auth', self._make_key())
if block:
token, _management_url, _tenant_id = block.split('|', 2)
except all_errors:
pass
return token
@property
def tenant_id(self):
if not HAS_KEYRING or not self.args.os_cache:
return None
tenant_id = None
try:
block = keyring.get_password('novaclient_auth', self._make_key())
if block:
_token, _management_url, tenant_id = block.split('|', 2)
except all_errors:
pass
return tenant_id
class NovaClientArgumentParser(argparse.ArgumentParser):
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
super(NovaClientArgumentParser, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def error(self, message):
"""error(message: string)
Prints a usage message incorporating the message to stderr and
exits.
"""
self.print_usage(sys.stderr)
# FIXME(lzyeval): if changes occur in argparse.ArgParser._check_value
choose_from = ' (choose from'
progparts = self.prog.partition(' ')
self.exit(2, _("error: %(errmsg)s\nTry '%(mainp)s help %(subp)s'"
" for more information.\n") %
{'errmsg': message.split(choose_from)[0],
'mainp': progparts[0],
'subp': progparts[2]})
def _get_option_tuples(self, option_string):
"""returns (action, option, value) candidates for an option prefix
Returns [first candidate] if all candidates refers to current and
deprecated forms of the same options: "nova boot ... --key KEY"
parsing succeed because --key could only match --key-name,
--key_name which are current/deprecated forms of the same option.
"""
option_tuples = (super(NovaClientArgumentParser, self)
._get_option_tuples(option_string))
if len(option_tuples) > 1:
normalizeds = [option.replace('_', '-')
for action, option, value in option_tuples]
if len(set(normalizeds)) == 1:
return option_tuples[:1]
return option_tuples
class OpenStackComputeShell(object):
times = []
def _append_global_identity_args(self, parser):
# Register the CLI arguments that have moved to the session object.
ksession.Session.register_cli_options(parser)
parser.set_defaults(insecure=cliutils.env('NOVACLIENT_INSECURE',
default=False))
identity.Password.register_argparse_arguments(parser)
parser.set_defaults(os_username=cliutils.env('OS_USERNAME',
'NOVA_USERNAME'))
parser.set_defaults(os_password=cliutils.env('OS_PASSWORD',
'NOVA_PASSWORD'))
parser.set_defaults(os_auth_url=cliutils.env('OS_AUTH_URL',
'NOVA_URL'))
def get_base_parser(self):
parser = NovaClientArgumentParser(
prog='nova',
description=__doc__.strip(),
epilog='See "nova help COMMAND" '
'for help on a specific command.',
add_help=False,
formatter_class=OpenStackHelpFormatter,
)
# Global arguments
parser.add_argument(
'-h', '--help',
action='store_true',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS,
)
parser.add_argument('--version',
action='version',
version=novaclient.__version__)
parser.add_argument(
'--debug',
default=False,
action='store_true',
help=_("Print debugging output"))
parser.add_argument(
'--os-cache',
default=strutils.bool_from_string(
cliutils.env('OS_CACHE', default=False), True),
action='store_true',
help=_("Use the auth token cache. Defaults to False if "
"env[OS_CACHE] is not set."))
parser.add_argument(
'--timings',
default=False,
action='store_true',
help=_("Print call timing info"))
parser.add_argument(
'--os-auth-token',
default=cliutils.env('OS_AUTH_TOKEN'),
help='Defaults to env[OS_AUTH_TOKEN]')
parser.add_argument(
'--os_username',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--os_password',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--os-tenant-name',
metavar='<auth-tenant-name>',
default=cliutils.env('OS_TENANT_NAME', 'NOVA_PROJECT_ID'),
help=_('Defaults to env[OS_TENANT_NAME].'))
parser.add_argument(
'--os_tenant_name',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--os-tenant-id',
metavar='<auth-tenant-id>',
default=cliutils.env('OS_TENANT_ID'),
help=_('Defaults to env[OS_TENANT_ID].'))
parser.add_argument(
'--os_auth_url',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--os-region-name',
metavar='<region-name>',
default=cliutils.env('OS_REGION_NAME', 'NOVA_REGION_NAME'),
help=_('Defaults to env[OS_REGION_NAME].'))
parser.add_argument(
'--os_region_name',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--os-auth-system',
metavar='<auth-system>',
default=cliutils.env('OS_AUTH_SYSTEM'),
help='Defaults to env[OS_AUTH_SYSTEM].')
parser.add_argument(
'--os_auth_system',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--service-type',
metavar='<service-type>',
help=_('Defaults to compute for most actions'))
parser.add_argument(
'--service_type',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--service-name',
metavar='<service-name>',
default=cliutils.env('NOVA_SERVICE_NAME'),
help=_('Defaults to env[NOVA_SERVICE_NAME]'))
parser.add_argument(
'--service_name',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--volume-service-name',
metavar='<volume-service-name>',
default=cliutils.env('NOVA_VOLUME_SERVICE_NAME'),
help=_('Defaults to env[NOVA_VOLUME_SERVICE_NAME]'))
parser.add_argument(
'--volume_service_name',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--os-endpoint-type',
metavar='<endpoint-type>',
dest='endpoint_type',
default=cliutils.env(
'NOVA_ENDPOINT_TYPE',
default=cliutils.env(
'OS_ENDPOINT_TYPE',
default=DEFAULT_NOVA_ENDPOINT_TYPE)),
help=_('Defaults to env[NOVA_ENDPOINT_TYPE], '
'env[OS_ENDPOINT_TYPE] or ') +
DEFAULT_NOVA_ENDPOINT_TYPE + '.')
parser.add_argument(
'--endpoint-type',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
# NOTE(dtroyer): We can't add --endpoint_type here due to argparse
# thinking usage-list --end is ambiguous; but it
# works fine with only --endpoint-type present
# Go figure. I'm leaving this here for doc purposes.
# parser.add_argument('--endpoint_type',
# help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--os-compute-api-version',
metavar='<compute-api-ver>',
default=cliutils.env('OS_COMPUTE_API_VERSION',
default=DEFAULT_OS_COMPUTE_API_VERSION),
help=_('Accepts 1.1 or 3, '
'defaults to env[OS_COMPUTE_API_VERSION].'))
parser.add_argument(
'--os_compute_api_version',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
parser.add_argument(
'--bypass-url',
metavar='<bypass-url>',
dest='bypass_url',
default=cliutils.env('NOVACLIENT_BYPASS_URL'),
help="Use this API endpoint instead of the Service Catalog. "
"Defaults to env[NOVACLIENT_BYPASS_URL]")
parser.add_argument('--bypass_url',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS)
# The auth-system-plugins might require some extra options
novaclient.auth_plugin.load_auth_system_opts(parser)
self._append_global_identity_args(parser)
return parser
def get_subcommand_parser(self, version):
parser = self.get_base_parser()
self.subcommands = {}
subparsers = parser.add_subparsers(metavar='<subcommand>')
try:
actions_module = {
'1.1': shell_v2,
'2': shell_v2,
'3': shell_v2,
}[version]
except KeyError:
actions_module = shell_v2
self._find_actions(subparsers, actions_module)
self._find_actions(subparsers, self)
for extension in self.extensions:
self._find_actions(subparsers, extension.module)
self._add_bash_completion_subparser(subparsers)
return parser
def _discover_extensions(self, version):
extensions = []
for name, module in itertools.chain(
self._discover_via_python_path(),
self._discover_via_contrib_path(version),
self._discover_via_entry_points()):
extension = novaclient.extension.Extension(name, module)
extensions.append(extension)
return extensions
def _discover_via_python_path(self):
for (module_loader, name, _ispkg) in pkgutil.iter_modules():
if name.endswith('_python_novaclient_ext'):
if not hasattr(module_loader, 'load_module'):
# Python 2.6 compat: actually get an ImpImporter obj
module_loader = module_loader.find_module(name)
module = module_loader.load_module(name)
if hasattr(module, 'extension_name'):
name = module.extension_name
yield name, module
def _discover_via_contrib_path(self, version):
module_path = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))
version_str = "v%s" % version.replace('.', '_')
# NOTE(akurilin): v1.1, v2 and v3 have one implementation, so
# we should discover contrib modules in one place.
if version_str in ["v1_1", "v3"]:
version_str = "v2"
ext_path = os.path.join(module_path, version_str, 'contrib')
ext_glob = os.path.join(ext_path, "*.py")
for ext_path in glob.iglob(ext_glob):
name = os.path.basename(ext_path)[:-3]
if name == "__init__":
continue
module = imp.load_source(name, ext_path)
yield name, module
def _discover_via_entry_points(self):
for ep in pkg_resources.iter_entry_points('novaclient.extension'):
name = ep.name
module = ep.load()
yield name, module
def _add_bash_completion_subparser(self, subparsers):
subparser = subparsers.add_parser(
'bash_completion',
add_help=False,
formatter_class=OpenStackHelpFormatter
)
self.subcommands['bash_completion'] = subparser
subparser.set_defaults(func=self.do_bash_completion)
def _find_actions(self, subparsers, actions_module):
for attr in (a for a in dir(actions_module) if a.startswith('do_')):
# I prefer to be hyphen-separated instead of underscores.
command = attr[3:].replace('_', '-')
callback = getattr(actions_module, attr)
desc = callback.__doc__ or ''
action_help = desc.strip()
arguments = getattr(callback, 'arguments', [])
subparser = subparsers.add_parser(
command,
help=action_help,
description=desc,
add_help=False,
formatter_class=OpenStackHelpFormatter)
subparser.add_argument(
'-h', '--help',
action='help',
help=argparse.SUPPRESS,
)
self.subcommands[command] = subparser
for (args, kwargs) in arguments:
subparser.add_argument(*args, **kwargs)
subparser.set_defaults(func=callback)
def setup_debugging(self, debug):
if not debug:
return
streamformat = "%(levelname)s (%(module)s:%(lineno)d) %(message)s"
# Set up the root logger to debug so that the submodules can
# print debug messages
logging.basicConfig(level=logging.DEBUG,
format=streamformat)
def _get_keystone_auth(self, session, auth_url, **kwargs):
auth_token = kwargs.pop('auth_token', None)
if auth_token:
return token.Token(auth_url, auth_token, **kwargs)
else:
return password.Password(
auth_url,
username=kwargs.pop('username'),
user_id=kwargs.pop('user_id'),
password=kwargs.pop('password'),
user_domain_id=kwargs.pop('user_domain_id'),
user_domain_name=kwargs.pop('user_domain_name'),
**kwargs)
def main(self, argv):
# Parse args once to find version and debug settings
parser = self.get_base_parser()
(options, args) = parser.parse_known_args(argv)
self.setup_debugging(options.debug)
# Discover available auth plugins
novaclient.auth_plugin.discover_auth_systems()
# build available subcommands based on version
self.extensions = self._discover_extensions(
options.os_compute_api_version)
self._run_extension_hooks('__pre_parse_args__')
# NOTE(dtroyer): Hackery to handle --endpoint_type due to argparse
# thinking usage-list --end is ambiguous; but it
# works fine with only --endpoint-type present
# Go figure.
if '--endpoint_type' in argv:
spot = argv.index('--endpoint_type')
argv[spot] = '--endpoint-type'
subcommand_parser = self.get_subcommand_parser(
options.os_compute_api_version)
self.parser = subcommand_parser
if options.help or not argv:
subcommand_parser.print_help()
return 0
args = subcommand_parser.parse_args(argv)
self._run_extension_hooks('__post_parse_args__', args)
# Short-circuit and deal with help right away.
if args.func == self.do_help:
self.do_help(args)
return 0
elif args.func == self.do_bash_completion:
self.do_bash_completion(args)
return 0
os_username = args.os_username
os_user_id = args.os_user_id
os_password = None # Fetched and set later as needed
os_tenant_name = args.os_tenant_name
os_tenant_id = args.os_tenant_id
os_auth_url = args.os_auth_url
os_region_name = args.os_region_name
os_auth_system = args.os_auth_system
endpoint_type = args.endpoint_type
insecure = args.insecure
service_type = args.service_type
service_name = args.service_name
volume_service_name = args.volume_service_name
bypass_url = args.bypass_url
os_cache = args.os_cache
cacert = args.os_cacert
timeout = args.timeout
keystone_session = None
keystone_auth = None
# We may have either, both or none of these.
# If we have both, we don't need USERNAME, PASSWORD etc.
# Fill in the blanks from the SecretsHelper if possible.
# Finally, authenticate unless we have both.
# Note if we don't auth we probably don't have a tenant ID so we can't
# cache the token.
auth_token = args.os_auth_token if args.os_auth_token else None
management_url = bypass_url if bypass_url else None
if os_auth_system and os_auth_system != "keystone":
auth_plugin = novaclient.auth_plugin.load_plugin(os_auth_system)
else:
auth_plugin = None
if not endpoint_type:
endpoint_type = DEFAULT_NOVA_ENDPOINT_TYPE
# This allow users to use endpoint_type as (internal, public or admin)
# just like other openstack clients (glance, cinder etc)
if endpoint_type in ['internal', 'public', 'admin']:
endpoint_type += 'URL'
if not service_type:
os_compute_api_version = (options.os_compute_api_version or
DEFAULT_OS_COMPUTE_API_VERSION)
try:
service_type = DEFAULT_NOVA_SERVICE_TYPE_MAP[
os_compute_api_version]
except KeyError:
service_type = DEFAULT_NOVA_SERVICE_TYPE_MAP[
DEFAULT_OS_COMPUTE_API_VERSION]
service_type = cliutils.get_service_type(args.func) or service_type
# If we have an auth token but no management_url, we must auth anyway.
# Expired tokens are handled by client.py:_cs_request
must_auth = not (cliutils.isunauthenticated(args.func)
or (auth_token and management_url))
# Do not use Keystone session for cases with no session support. The
# presence of auth_plugin means os_auth_system is present and is not
# keystone.
use_session = True
if auth_plugin or bypass_url or os_cache or volume_service_name:
use_session = False
# FIXME(usrleon): Here should be restrict for project id same as
# for os_username or os_password but for compatibility it is not.
if must_auth:
if auth_plugin:
auth_plugin.parse_opts(args)
if not auth_plugin or not auth_plugin.opts:
if not os_username and not os_user_id:
raise exc.CommandError(
_("You must provide a username "
"or user id via --os-username, --os-user-id, "
"env[OS_USERNAME] or env[OS_USER_ID]"))
if not any([args.os_tenant_name, args.os_tenant_id,
args.os_project_id, args.os_project_name]):
raise exc.CommandError(_("You must provide a project name or"
" project id via --os-project-name,"
" --os-project-id, env[OS_PROJECT_ID]"
" or env[OS_PROJECT_NAME]. You may"
" use os-project and os-tenant"
" interchangeably."))
if not os_auth_url:
if os_auth_system and os_auth_system != 'keystone':
os_auth_url = auth_plugin.get_auth_url()
if not os_auth_url:
raise exc.CommandError(
_("You must provide an auth url "
"via either --os-auth-url or env[OS_AUTH_URL] "
"or specify an auth_system which defines a "
"default url with --os-auth-system "
"or env[OS_AUTH_SYSTEM]"))
project_id = args.os_project_id or args.os_tenant_id
project_name = args.os_project_name or args.os_tenant_name
if use_session:
# Not using Nova auth plugin, so use keystone
with utils.record_time(self.times, args.timings,
'auth_url', args.os_auth_url):
keystone_session = (ksession.Session
.load_from_cli_options(args))
keystone_auth = self._get_keystone_auth(
keystone_session,
args.os_auth_url,
username=args.os_username,
user_id=args.os_user_id,
user_domain_id=args.os_user_domain_id,
user_domain_name=args.os_user_domain_name,
password=args.os_password,
auth_token=args.os_auth_token,
project_id=project_id,
project_name=project_name,
project_domain_id=args.os_project_domain_id,
project_domain_name=args.os_project_domain_name)
if (options.os_compute_api_version and
options.os_compute_api_version != '1.0'):
if not any([args.os_tenant_id, args.os_tenant_name,
args.os_project_id, args.os_project_name]):
raise exc.CommandError(_("You must provide a project name or"
" project id via --os-project-name,"
" --os-project-id, env[OS_PROJECT_ID]"
" or env[OS_PROJECT_NAME]. You may"
" use os-project and os-tenant"
" interchangeably."))
if not os_auth_url:
raise exc.CommandError(
_("You must provide an auth url "
"via either --os-auth-url or env[OS_AUTH_URL]"))
self.cs = client.Client(
options.os_compute_api_version,
os_username, os_password, os_tenant_name,
tenant_id=os_tenant_id, user_id=os_user_id,
auth_url=os_auth_url, insecure=insecure,
region_name=os_region_name, endpoint_type=endpoint_type,
extensions=self.extensions, service_type=service_type,
service_name=service_name, auth_system=os_auth_system,
auth_plugin=auth_plugin, auth_token=auth_token,
volume_service_name=volume_service_name,
timings=args.timings, bypass_url=bypass_url,
os_cache=os_cache, http_log_debug=options.debug,
cacert=cacert, timeout=timeout,
session=keystone_session, auth=keystone_auth)
# Now check for the password/token of which pieces of the
# identifying keyring key can come from the underlying client
if must_auth:
helper = SecretsHelper(args, self.cs.client)
if (auth_plugin and auth_plugin.opts and
"os_password" not in auth_plugin.opts):
use_pw = False
else:
use_pw = True
tenant_id = helper.tenant_id
# Allow commandline to override cache
if not auth_token:
auth_token = helper.auth_token
if not management_url:
management_url = helper.management_url
if tenant_id and auth_token and management_url:
self.cs.client.tenant_id = tenant_id
self.cs.client.auth_token = auth_token
self.cs.client.management_url = management_url
self.cs.client.password_func = lambda: helper.password
elif use_pw:
# We're missing something, so auth with user/pass and save
# the result in our helper.
self.cs.client.password = helper.password
self.cs.client.keyring_saver = helper
try:
# This does a couple of bits which are useful even if we've
# got the token + service URL already. It exits fast in that case.
if not cliutils.isunauthenticated(args.func):
if not use_session:
# Only call authenticate() if Nova auth plugin is used.
# If keystone is used, authentication is handled as part
# of session.
self.cs.authenticate()
except exc.Unauthorized:
raise exc.CommandError(_("Invalid OpenStack Nova credentials."))
except exc.AuthorizationFailure:
raise exc.CommandError(_("Unable to authorize user"))
if options.os_compute_api_version == "3" and service_type != 'image':
# NOTE(cyeoh): create an image based client because the
# images api is no longer proxied by the V3 API and we
# sometimes need to be able to look up images information
# via glance when connected to the nova api.
image_service_type = 'image'
# NOTE(hdd): the password is needed again because creating a new
# Client without specifying bypass_url will force authentication.
# We can't reuse self.cs's bypass_url, because that's the URL for
# the nova service; we need to get glance's URL for this Client
if not os_password:
os_password = helper.password
self.cs.image_cs = client.Client(
options.os_compute_api_version, os_username,
os_password, os_tenant_name, tenant_id=os_tenant_id,
auth_url=os_auth_url, insecure=insecure,
region_name=os_region_name, endpoint_type=endpoint_type,
extensions=self.extensions, service_type=image_service_type,
service_name=service_name, auth_system=os_auth_system,
auth_plugin=auth_plugin,
volume_service_name=volume_service_name,
timings=args.timings, bypass_url=bypass_url,
os_cache=os_cache, http_log_debug=options.debug,
session=keystone_session, auth=keystone_auth,
cacert=cacert, timeout=timeout)
args.func(self.cs, args)
if args.timings:
self._dump_timings(self.times + self.cs.get_timings())
def _dump_timings(self, timings):
class Tyme(object):
def __init__(self, url, seconds):
self.url = url
self.seconds = seconds
results = [Tyme(url, end - start) for url, start, end in timings]
total = 0.0
for tyme in results:
total += tyme.seconds
results.append(Tyme("Total", total))
utils.print_list(results, ["url", "seconds"], sortby_index=None)
def _run_extension_hooks(self, hook_type, *args, **kwargs):
"""Run hooks for all registered extensions."""
for extension in self.extensions:
extension.run_hooks(hook_type, *args, **kwargs)
def do_bash_completion(self, _args):
"""
Prints all of the commands and options to stdout so that the
nova.bash_completion script doesn't have to hard code them.
"""
commands = set()
options = set()
for sc_str, sc in self.subcommands.items():
commands.add(sc_str)
for option in sc._optionals._option_string_actions.keys():
options.add(option)
commands.remove('bash-completion')
commands.remove('bash_completion')
print(' '.join(commands | options))
@cliutils.arg(
'command',
metavar='<subcommand>',
nargs='?',
help='Display help for <subcommand>')
def do_help(self, args):
"""
Display help about this program or one of its subcommands.
"""
if args.command:
if args.command in self.subcommands:
self.subcommands[args.command].print_help()
else:
raise exc.CommandError(_("'%s' is not a valid subcommand") %
args.command)
else:
self.parser.print_help()
# I'm picky about my shell help.
class OpenStackHelpFormatter(argparse.HelpFormatter):
def __init__(self, prog, indent_increment=2, max_help_position=32,
width=None):
super(OpenStackHelpFormatter, self).__init__(prog, indent_increment,
max_help_position, width)
def start_section(self, heading):
# Title-case the headings
heading = '%s%s' % (heading[0].upper(), heading[1:])
super(OpenStackHelpFormatter, self).start_section(heading)
def main():
try:
argv = [encodeutils.safe_decode(a) for a in sys.argv[1:]]
OpenStackComputeShell().main(argv)
except Exception as e:
logger.debug(e, exc_info=1)
details = {'name': encodeutils.safe_encode(e.__class__.__name__),
'msg': encodeutils.safe_encode(six.text_type(e))}
print("ERROR (%(name)s): %(msg)s" % details,
file=sys.stderr)
sys.exit(1)
except KeyboardInterrupt:
print("... terminating nova client", file=sys.stderr)
sys.exit(130)
if __name__ == "__main__":
main()