RETIRED, Function as a Service for OpenStack
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Quick Start

Installation

A fast and simple way to try Qinling is to create a Devstack environment including all related components and dependencies of Qinling service. Please refer to Setting up a development environment with devstack for how to install Qinling service in OpenStack devstack environment.

Qinling is a FaaS implemented on top of container orchestration system such as Kubernetes, Swarm, etc. Particularly, Kubernetes is a reference backend considering its popularity. A kubernetes cluster and its command line tool have been installed in the devstack environment.

Qinling can work with OpenStack Keystone for authentication, or it can work without authentication at all. By default, authentication is enabled, set auth_enable = False to disable authentication.

Getting started with Qinling

Note

Currently, you can interact with Qinling using python-qinlingclient or sending RESTful API directly. Both ways are described in this guide. httpie is a convenient tool to send HTTP request, it will be installed during following steps.

Log into the devstack host, we will create python runtime/function/execution in the following steps.

  1. (Optional) Prepare a docker image for a specific programming language. For your convenience, there is a pre-built image openstackqinling/python-runtime that you could directly use to create a Python runtime in Qinling. Refer to the image creation guide for how to build your own runtime images to be used in Qinling.

  2. Create Python runtime using admin credential. Runtime in Qinling is the environment in which the function is actually running, runtime is supposed to be created/deleted/updated only by cloud operator. After creation, check the runtime status until it's available before invoking any functions:

    $ pip install httpie
    $ cd $DEVSTACK_DIR && source openrc admin admin
    $ TOKEN=$(openstack token issue -f yaml -c id | awk '{print $2}')
    $ http POST http://localhost:7070/v1/runtimes name=python2.7 \
        image=openstackqinling/python-runtime X-Auth-Token:$TOKEN
    HTTP/1.1 201 Created
    Connection: keep-alive
    Content-Length: 246
    Content-Type: application/json
    Date: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 22:35:08 GMT
    
    {
        "created_at": "2017-12-11 22:35:08.660498",
        "description": null,
        "id": "601efeb8-3e41-4e5c-a12a-986dbda252e3",
        "image": "openstackqinling/python-runtime",
        "is_public": true,
        "name": "python2.7",
        "project_id": "ce157785ffb24b3c862720283be4dbc8",
        "status": "creating",
        "updated_at": null
    }
    $ http GET http://localhost:7070/v1/runtimes/601efeb8-3e41-4e5c-a12a-986dbda252e3 \
      X-Auth-Token:$TOKEN
    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    Connection: keep-alive
    Content-Length: 298
    Content-Type: application/json
    Date: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 22:37:01 GMT
    
    {
        "created_at": "2017-12-11 22:35:09",
        "description": null,
        "id": "601efeb8-3e41-4e5c-a12a-986dbda252e3",
        "image": "openstackqinling/python-runtime",
        "is_public": true,
        "name": "python2.7",
        "project_id": "ce157785ffb24b3c862720283be4dbc8",
        "status": "available",
        "updated_at": "2017-12-11 22:35:13"
    }

    Using CLI:

    $ cd $DEVSTACK_DIR && source openrc admin admin
    $ openstack runtime create openstackqinling/python-runtime --name python2.7
    +-------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field       | Value                                |
    +-------------+--------------------------------------+
    | id          | 4866b566-2c9a-4f00-9665-7808f7d811f8 |
    | name        | python2.7                            |
    | image       | openstackqinling/python-runtime      |
    | status      | available                             |
    | description | None                                 |
    | project_id  | ce157785ffb24b3c862720283be4dbc8     |
    | created_at  | 2017-12-11 22:40:16                  |
    | updated_at  | None                                 |
    +-------------+--------------------------------------+

    Record the runtime ID for the function invocation later on.

  3. Create a customized Python function package:

    $ mkdir ~/qinling_test
    $ cat <<EOF > ~/qinling_test/github_test.py
    import requests
    def main(*args, **kwargs):
        r = requests.get('https://api.github.com/events')
        return len(r.json())
    if __name__ == '__main__':
        main()
    EOF
    $ cd ~/qinling_test && zip -r ~/qinling_test/github_test.zip ./*
  4. Create function:

    $ cd $DEVSTACK_DIR && source openrc demo demo
    $ runtime_id=601efeb8-3e41-4e5c-a12a-986dbda252e3
    $ TOKEN=$(openstack token issue -f yaml -c id | awk '{print $2}')
    $ http -f POST http://localhost:7070/v1/functions name=github_test \
        runtime_id=$runtime_id \
        code='{"source": "package"}' \
        entry='github_test.main' \
        package@~/qinling_test/github_test.zip \
        X-Auth-Token:$TOKEN
    HTTP/1.1 201 Created
    Connection: keep-alive
    Content-Length: 303
    Content-Type: application/json
    Date: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 23:20:26 GMT
    
    {
        "code": {
            "source": "package"
        },
        "count": 0,
        "created_at": "2017-12-11 23:20:26.600054",
        "description": null,
        "entry": "github_test.main",
        "id": "cdce13b0-55c9-4a06-a67a-1cd1fe1fb161",
        "name": "github_test",
        "project_id": "c2a457c46df64ed4adcb31fdc80052d4",
        "runtime_id": "601efeb8-3e41-4e5c-a12a-986dbda252e3"
    }

    Using CLI:

    $ openstack function create --name github_test \
        --runtime $runtime_id \
        --entry github_test.main \
        --package ~/qinling_test/github_test.zip
    +-------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field       | Value                                |
    +-------------+--------------------------------------+
    | id          | c9195311-9aa7-4748-bd4b-1b0f9c28d858 |
    | name        | github_test                          |
    | description | None                                 |
    | count       | 0                                    |
    | code        | {u'source': u'package'}              |
    | runtime_id  | 601efeb8-3e41-4e5c-a12a-986dbda252e3 |
    | entry       | github_test.main                     |
    | created_at  | 2017-12-11 23:21:21                  |
    | updated_at  | None                                 |
    +-------------+--------------------------------------+
  5. Invoke the function by specifying function_id:

    $ http POST http://localhost:7070/v1/executions \
        function_id=c9195311-9aa7-4748-bd4b-1b0f9c28d858 \
        X-Auth-Token:$TOKEN
    HTTP/1.1 201 Created
    Connection: keep-alive
    Content-Length: 347
    Content-Type: application/json
    Date: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 23:26:11 GMT
    
    {
        "created_at": "2017-12-11 23:26:09",
        "description": null,
        "function_id": "c9195311-9aa7-4748-bd4b-1b0f9c28d858",
        "id": "c3d61744-254a-4f41-8e6d-9e7dc1eb6a24",
        "input": null,
        "result": "{\"duration\": 1.299, \"output\": 30}",
        "project_id": "c2a457c46df64ed4adcb31fdc80052d4",
        "status": "success",
        "sync": true,
        "updated_at": "2017-12-11 23:26:12"
    }

    Using CLI:

    $ openstack function execution create --function c9195311-9aa7-4748-bd4b-1b0f9c28d858
    +-------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field       | Value                                |
    +-------------+--------------------------------------+
    | id          | b7ffdd3a-a0a8-441b-874d-3b6dcf7446d9 |
    | function_id | c9195311-9aa7-4748-bd4b-1b0f9c28d858 |
    | description | None                                 |
    | input       | {}                                   |
    | result      | {"duration": 1.483, "output": 30}    |
    | status      | success                              |
    | sync        | True                                 |
    | created_at  | 2017-12-11 23:27:04                  |
    | updated_at  | 2017-12-11 23:27:05                  |
    +-------------+--------------------------------------+

Now, you have defined your first Qinling function and have it invoked on-demand. Have fun with Qinling!