OpenStack Storage (Swift)
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# Copyright (c) 2010-2012 OpenStack Foundation
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or
# implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
import unittest
import mock
try:
# this test requires the dnspython package to be installed
import dns.resolver # noqa
import dns.exception
except ImportError:
skip = True
else: # executed if the try has no errors
skip = False
from swift.common import utils
from swift.common.middleware import cname_lookup
from swift.common.swob import Request, HTTPMovedPermanently
class FakeApp(object):
def __call__(self, env, start_response):
start_response('200 OK', [])
return [b"FAKE APP"]
class RedirectSlashApp(object):
def __call__(self, env, start_response):
loc = env['PATH_INFO'] + '/'
return HTTPMovedPermanently(location=loc)(env, start_response)
def start_response(*args):
pass
class TestCNAMELookup(unittest.TestCase):
@unittest.skipIf(skip, "can't import dnspython")
def setUp(self):
self.app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(),
{'lookup_depth': 2})
def test_pass_ip_addresses(self):
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': '10.134.23.198'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'fc00:7ea1:f155::6321:8841'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
@mock.patch('swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname',
new=lambda d, r: (0, d))
def test_passthrough(self):
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'foo.example.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'foo.example.com:8080'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'SERVER_NAME': 'foo.example.com'},
headers={'Host': None})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
@mock.patch('swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname',
new=lambda d, r: (0, '%s.example.com' % d))
def test_good_lookup(self):
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'mysite.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'mysite.com:8080'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'SERVER_NAME': 'mysite.com'},
headers={'Host': None})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
def test_lookup_chain_too_long(self):
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'mysite.com'})
def my_lookup(d, r):
if d == 'mysite.com':
site = 'level1.foo.com'
elif d == 'level1.foo.com':
site = 'level2.foo.com'
elif d == 'level2.foo.com':
site = 'bar.example.com'
return 0, site
with mock.patch('swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname',
new=my_lookup):
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'CNAME lookup failed after 2 tries'])
@mock.patch('swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname',
new=lambda d, r: (0, 'some.invalid.site.com'))
def test_lookup_chain_bad_target(self):
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'mysite.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp,
[b'CNAME lookup failed to resolve to a valid domain'])
@mock.patch('swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname',
new=lambda d, r: (0, None))
def test_something_weird(self):
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'mysite.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp,
[b'CNAME lookup failed to resolve to a valid domain'])
@mock.patch('swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname',
new=lambda d, r: (0, '%s.example.com' % d))
def test_with_memcache(self):
class memcache_stub(object):
def __init__(self):
self.cache = {}
def get(self, key):
return self.cache.get(key, None)
def set(self, key, value, *a, **kw):
self.cache[key] = value
memcache = memcache_stub()
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'swift.cache': memcache},
headers={'Host': 'mysite.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'swift.cache': memcache},
headers={'Host': 'mysite.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
def test_caching(self):
fail_to_resolve = [b'CNAME lookup failed to resolve to a valid domain']
class memcache_stub(object):
def __init__(self):
self.cache = {}
def get(self, key):
return self.cache.get(key, None)
def set(self, key, value, *a, **kw):
# real memcache client will JSON-serialize, so our mock
# should be sure to return unicode
if isinstance(value, bytes):
value = value.decode('utf-8')
self.cache[key] = value
module = 'swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname'
dns_module = 'dns.resolver.Resolver.query'
memcache = memcache_stub()
with mock.patch(module) as m:
m.return_value = (3600, 'c.example.com')
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'swift.cache': memcache},
headers={'Host': 'mysite2.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
self.assertEqual(m.call_count, 1)
self.assertEqual(memcache.cache.get('cname-mysite2.com'),
'c.example.com')
self.assertIsInstance(req.environ['HTTP_HOST'], str)
self.assertEqual(req.environ['HTTP_HOST'], 'c.example.com')
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'swift.cache': memcache},
headers={'Host': 'mysite2.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
self.assertEqual(m.call_count, 1)
self.assertEqual(memcache.cache.get('cname-mysite2.com'),
'c.example.com')
self.assertIsInstance(req.environ['HTTP_HOST'], str)
self.assertEqual(req.environ['HTTP_HOST'], 'c.example.com')
for exc, num in ((dns.resolver.NXDOMAIN(), 3),
(dns.resolver.NoAnswer(), 4)):
with mock.patch(dns_module) as m:
m.side_effect = exc
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'swift.cache': memcache},
headers={'Host': 'mysite%d.com' % num})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, fail_to_resolve)
self.assertEqual(m.call_count, 1)
self.assertEqual(memcache.cache.get('cname-mysite3.com'),
False)
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'swift.cache': memcache},
headers={'Host': 'mysite%d.com' % num})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, fail_to_resolve)
self.assertEqual(m.call_count, 1)
self.assertEqual(
memcache.cache.get('cname-mysite%d.com' % num), False)
with mock.patch(dns_module) as m:
m.side_effect = dns.exception.DNSException()
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'swift.cache': memcache},
headers={'Host': 'mysite5.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, fail_to_resolve)
self.assertEqual(m.call_count, 1)
self.assertFalse('cname-mysite5.com' in memcache.cache)
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET',
'swift.cache': memcache},
headers={'Host': 'mysite5.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, fail_to_resolve)
self.assertEqual(m.call_count, 2)
self.assertFalse('cname-mysite5.com' in memcache.cache)
@mock.patch('swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname',
new=lambda d, r: (0, 'c.aexample.com'))
def test_cname_matching_ending_not_domain(self):
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'foo.com'})
resp = self.app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp,
[b'CNAME lookup failed to resolve to a valid domain'])
@mock.patch('swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname',
new=lambda d, r: (0, None))
def test_cname_configured_with_empty_storage_domain(self):
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(),
{'storage_domain': '',
'lookup_depth': 2})
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'c.a.example.com'})
resp = app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
def test_storage_domains_conf_format(self):
conf = {'storage_domain': 'foo.com'}
app = cname_lookup.filter_factory(conf)(FakeApp())
self.assertEqual(app.storage_domain, ['.foo.com'])
conf = {'storage_domain': 'foo.com, '}
app = cname_lookup.filter_factory(conf)(FakeApp())
self.assertEqual(app.storage_domain, ['.foo.com'])
conf = {'storage_domain': 'foo.com, bar.com'}
app = cname_lookup.filter_factory(conf)(FakeApp())
self.assertEqual(app.storage_domain, ['.foo.com', '.bar.com'])
conf = {'storage_domain': 'foo.com, .bar.com'}
app = cname_lookup.filter_factory(conf)(FakeApp())
self.assertEqual(app.storage_domain, ['.foo.com', '.bar.com'])
conf = {'storage_domain': '.foo.com, .bar.com'}
app = cname_lookup.filter_factory(conf)(FakeApp())
self.assertEqual(app.storage_domain, ['.foo.com', '.bar.com'])
def test_multiple_storage_domains(self):
conf = {'storage_domain': 'storage1.com, storage2.com',
'lookup_depth': 2}
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
def do_test(lookup_back):
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'c.a.example.com'})
module = 'swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname'
with mock.patch(module, lambda d, r: (0, lookup_back)):
return app(req.environ, start_response)
resp = do_test('c.storage1.com')
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
resp = do_test('c.storage2.com')
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
bad_domain = [b'CNAME lookup failed to resolve to a valid domain']
resp = do_test('c.badtest.com')
self.assertEqual(resp, bad_domain)
@mock.patch('dns.resolver.Resolver.query',
side_effect=dns.exception.DNSException)
def test_host_is_storage_domain(self, mock_lookup):
conf = {'storage_domain': 'storage.example.com',
'lookup_depth': 2}
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
def do_test(host):
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': host})
return app(req.environ, start_response)
bad_domain = [b'CNAME lookup failed to resolve to a valid domain']
resp = do_test('c.badtest.com')
self.assertEqual(resp, bad_domain)
self.assertEqual(1, len(mock_lookup.mock_calls))
mock_lookup.reset_mock()
resp = do_test('storage.example.com')
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
self.assertEqual(0, len(mock_lookup.mock_calls))
def test_resolution_to_storage_domain_exactly(self):
conf = {'storage_domain': 'example.com',
'lookup_depth': 1}
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
req = Request.blank('/', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'mysite.com'})
module = 'swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname'
with mock.patch(module, lambda d, r: (0, 'example.com')):
resp = app(req.environ, start_response)
self.assertEqual(resp, [b'FAKE APP'])
def test_redirect(self):
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(RedirectSlashApp(), {})
module = 'swift.common.middleware.cname_lookup.lookup_cname'
with mock.patch(module, lambda d, r: (0, 'cont.acct.example.com')):
req = Request.blank('/test', environ={'REQUEST_METHOD': 'GET'},
headers={'Host': 'mysite.com'})
resp = req.get_response(app)
self.assertEqual(resp.status_int, 301)
self.assertEqual(resp.headers.get('Location'),
'http://mysite.com/test/')
def test_configured_nameservers(self):
class MockedResolver(object):
def __init__(self):
self.nameservers = None
self.nameserver_ports = None
def query(self, *args, **kwargs):
raise Exception('Stop processing')
def reset(self):
self.nameservers = None
self.nameserver_ports = None
mocked_resolver = MockedResolver()
dns_module = 'dns.resolver.Resolver'
# If no nameservers provided in conf, resolver nameservers is unset
for conf in [{}, {'nameservers': ''}]:
mocked_resolver.reset()
with mock.patch(dns_module, return_value=mocked_resolver):
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
self.assertIs(app.resolver, mocked_resolver)
self.assertIsNone(mocked_resolver.nameservers)
# If invalid nameservers provided, resolver nameservers is unset
mocked_resolver.reset()
conf = {'nameservers': '127.0.0.1, 127.0.0.2, a.b.c.d'}
with mock.patch(dns_module, return_value=mocked_resolver):
with self.assertRaises(ValueError) as exc_mgr:
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
self.assertIn('Invalid cname_lookup/nameservers configuration',
str(exc_mgr.exception))
# If nameservers provided in conf, resolver nameservers is set
mocked_resolver.reset()
conf = {'nameservers': '127.0.0.1'}
with mock.patch(dns_module, return_value=mocked_resolver):
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
self.assertIs(app.resolver, mocked_resolver)
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameservers, ['127.0.0.1'])
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameserver_ports, {})
# IPv6 is OK
mocked_resolver.reset()
conf = {'nameservers': '[::1]'}
with mock.patch(dns_module, return_value=mocked_resolver):
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
self.assertIs(app.resolver, mocked_resolver)
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameservers, ['::1'])
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameserver_ports, {})
# As are port overrides
mocked_resolver.reset()
conf = {'nameservers': '127.0.0.1:5354'}
with mock.patch(dns_module, return_value=mocked_resolver):
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
self.assertIs(app.resolver, mocked_resolver)
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameservers, ['127.0.0.1'])
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameserver_ports, {'127.0.0.1': 5354})
# And IPv6 with port overrides
mocked_resolver.reset()
conf = {'nameservers': '[2001:db8::ff00:42:8329]:1234'}
with mock.patch(dns_module, return_value=mocked_resolver):
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
self.assertIs(app.resolver, mocked_resolver)
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameservers, [
'2001:db8::ff00:42:8329'])
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameserver_ports, {
'2001:db8::ff00:42:8329': 1234})
# Also accept lists, and bring it all together
mocked_resolver.reset()
conf = {'nameservers': '[::1], 127.0.0.1:5354, '
'[2001:db8::ff00:42:8329]:1234'}
with mock.patch(dns_module, return_value=mocked_resolver):
app = cname_lookup.CNAMELookupMiddleware(FakeApp(), conf)
self.assertIs(app.resolver, mocked_resolver)
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameservers, [
'::1', '127.0.0.1', '2001:db8::ff00:42:8329'])
self.assertEqual(mocked_resolver.nameserver_ports, {
'127.0.0.1': 5354, '2001:db8::ff00:42:8329': 1234})
class TestSwiftInfo(unittest.TestCase):
def setUp(self):
utils._swift_info = {}
utils._swift_admin_info = {}
def test_registered_defaults(self):
cname_lookup.filter_factory({})
swift_info = utils.get_swift_info()
self.assertIn('cname_lookup', swift_info)
self.assertEqual(swift_info['cname_lookup'].get('lookup_depth'), 1)
def test_registered_nondefaults(self):
cname_lookup.filter_factory({'lookup_depth': '2'})
swift_info = utils.get_swift_info()
self.assertIn('cname_lookup', swift_info)
self.assertEqual(swift_info['cname_lookup'].get('lookup_depth'), 2)