Tacker: ETSI MANO NFV Orchestrator / VNF Manager. See https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/Tacker
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# vim: tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4
# Copyright (c) 2012 OpenStack Foundation.
# All Rights Reserved.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
Policy engine for tacker. Largely copied from nova.
import itertools
import re
from oslo_config import cfg
from tacker.api.v1 import attributes
from tacker.common import exceptions
import tacker.common.utils as utils
from tacker.openstack.common import excutils
from tacker.openstack.common import importutils
from tacker.openstack.common import log as logging
from tacker.openstack.common import policy
LOG = logging.getLogger(__name__)
ADMIN_CTX_POLICY = 'context_is_admin'
# Maps deprecated 'extension' policies to new-style policies
['port:binding:vif_type', 'port:binding:vif_details',
'port:binding:profile', 'port:binding:host_id']
'view': ['get'],
'set': ['create', 'update']
cfg.CONF.import_opt('policy_file', 'tacker.common.config')
def reset():
def init():
if not _POLICY_PATH:
_POLICY_PATH = utils.find_config_file({}, cfg.CONF.policy_file)
if not _POLICY_PATH:
raise exceptions.PolicyFileNotFound(path=cfg.CONF.policy_file)
# pass _set_brain to read_cached_file so that the policy brain
# is reset only if the file has changed
utils.read_cached_file(_POLICY_PATH, _POLICY_CACHE,
def get_resource_and_action(action):
"""Extract resource and action (write, read) from api operation."""
data = action.split(':', 1)[0].split('_', 1)
return ("%ss" % data[-1], data[0] != 'get')
def _set_rules(data):
default_rule = 'default'
LOG.debug(_("Loading policies from file: %s"), _POLICY_PATH)
# Ensure backward compatibility with folsom/grizzly convention
# for extension rules
policies = policy.Rules.load_json(data, default_rule)
for pol in policies.keys():
if any([pol.startswith(depr_pol) for depr_pol in
LOG.warn(_("Found deprecated policy rule:%s. Please consider "
"upgrading your policy configuration file"), pol)
pol_name, action = pol.rsplit(':', 1)
new_actions = DEPRECATED_ACTION_MAP[action]
new_policies = DEPRECATED_POLICY_MAP[pol_name]
# bind new actions and policies together
for actual_policy in ['_'.join(item) for item in
if actual_policy not in policies:
# New policy, same rule
LOG.info(_("Inserting policy:%(new_policy)s in place "
"of deprecated policy:%(old_policy)s"),
{'new_policy': actual_policy,
'old_policy': pol})
policies[actual_policy] = policies[pol]
# Remove old-style policy
del policies[pol]
except KeyError:
LOG.error(_("Backward compatibility unavailable for "
"deprecated policy %s. The policy will "
"not be enforced"), pol)
def _is_attribute_explicitly_set(attribute_name, resource, target):
"""Verify that an attribute is present and has a non-default value."""
return ('default' in resource[attribute_name] and
attribute_name in target and
target[attribute_name] is not attributes.ATTR_NOT_SPECIFIED and
target[attribute_name] != resource[attribute_name]['default'])
def _build_subattr_match_rule(attr_name, attr, action, target):
"""Create the rule to match for sub-attribute policy checks."""
# TODO(salv-orlando): Instead of relying on validator info, introduce
# typing for API attributes
# Expect a dict as type descriptor
validate = attr['validate']
key = filter(lambda k: k.startswith('type:dict'), validate.keys())
if not key:
LOG.warn(_("Unable to find data type descriptor for attribute %s"),
data = validate[key[0]]
if not isinstance(data, dict):
LOG.debug(_("Attribute type descriptor is not a dict. Unable to "
"generate any sub-attr policy rule for %s."),
sub_attr_rules = [policy.RuleCheck('rule', '%s:%s:%s' %
(action, attr_name,
sub_attr_name)) for
sub_attr_name in data if sub_attr_name in
return policy.AndCheck(sub_attr_rules)
def _build_match_rule(action, target):
"""Create the rule to match for a given action.
The policy rule to be matched is built in the following way:
1) add entries for matching permission on objects
2) add an entry for the specific action (e.g.: create_network)
3) add an entry for attributes of a resource for which the action
is being executed (e.g.: create_network:shared)
4) add an entry for sub-attributes of a resource for which the
action is being executed
(e.g.: create_router:external_gateway_info:network_id)
match_rule = policy.RuleCheck('rule', action)
resource, is_write = get_resource_and_action(action)
# Attribute-based checks shall not be enforced on GETs
if is_write:
# assigning to variable with short name for improving readability
res_map = attributes.RESOURCE_ATTRIBUTE_MAP
if resource in res_map:
for attribute_name in res_map[resource]:
if _is_attribute_explicitly_set(attribute_name,
attribute = res_map[resource][attribute_name]
if 'enforce_policy' in attribute:
attr_rule = policy.RuleCheck('rule', '%s:%s' %
(action, attribute_name))
# Build match entries for sub-attributes, if present
validate = attribute.get('validate')
if (validate and any([k.startswith('type:dict') and v
for (k, v) in
attr_rule = policy.AndCheck(
[attr_rule, _build_subattr_match_rule(
attribute_name, attribute,
action, target)])
match_rule = policy.AndCheck([match_rule, attr_rule])
return match_rule
# This check is registered as 'tenant_id' so that it can override
# GenericCheck which was used for validating parent resource ownership.
# This will prevent us from having to handling backward compatibility
# for policy.json
# TODO(salv-orlando): Reinstate GenericCheck for simple tenant_id checks
class OwnerCheck(policy.Check):
"""Resource ownership check.
This check verifies the owner of the current resource, or of another
resource referenced by the one under analysis.
In the former case it falls back to a regular GenericCheck, whereas
in the latter case it leverages the plugin to load the referenced
resource and perform the check.
def __init__(self, kind, match):
# Process the match
self.target_field = re.findall('^\%\((.*)\)s$',
except IndexError:
err_reason = (_("Unable to identify a target field from:%s."
"match should be in the form %%(<field_name>)s") %
raise exceptions.PolicyInitError(
policy="%s:%s" % (kind, match),
super(OwnerCheck, self).__init__(kind, match)
def __call__(self, target, creds):
if self.target_field not in target:
# policy needs a plugin check
# target field is in the form resource:field
# however if they're not separated by a colon, use an underscore
# as a separator for backward compatibility
def do_split(separator):
parent_res, parent_field = self.target_field.split(
separator, 1)
return parent_res, parent_field
for separator in (':', '_'):
parent_res, parent_field = do_split(separator)
except ValueError:
LOG.debug(_("Unable to find ':' as separator in %s."),
# If we are here split failed with both separators
err_reason = (_("Unable to find resource name in %s") %
raise exceptions.PolicyCheckError(
policy="%s:%s" % (self.kind, self.match),
parent_foreign_key = attributes.RESOURCE_FOREIGN_KEYS.get(
"%ss" % parent_res, None)
if not parent_foreign_key:
err_reason = (_("Unable to verify match:%(match)s as the "
"parent resource: %(res)s was not found") %
{'match': self.match, 'res': parent_res})
raise exceptions.PolicyCheckError(
policy="%s:%s" % (self.kind, self.match),
# NOTE(salv-orlando): This check currently assumes the parent
# resource is handled by the core plugin. It might be worth
# having a way to map resources to plugins so to make this
# check more general
# FIXME(ihrachys): if import is put in global, circular
# import failure occurs
from tacker import manager
f = getattr(manager.TackerManager.get_instance().plugin,
'get_%s' % parent_res)
# f *must* exist, if not found it is better to let tacker
# explode. Check will be performed with admin context
context = importutils.import_module('tacker.context')
data = f(context.get_admin_context(),
target[self.target_field] = data[parent_field]
except Exception:
with excutils.save_and_reraise_exception():
LOG.exception(_('Policy check error while calling %s!'), f)
match = self.match % target
if self.kind in creds:
return match == unicode(creds[self.kind])
return False
class FieldCheck(policy.Check):
def __init__(self, kind, match):
# Process the match
resource, field_value = match.split(':', 1)
field, value = field_value.split('=', 1)
super(FieldCheck, self).__init__(kind, '%s:%s:%s' %
(resource, field, value))
# Value might need conversion - we need help from the attribute map
attr = attributes.RESOURCE_ATTRIBUTE_MAP[resource][field]
conv_func = attr['convert_to']
except KeyError:
conv_func = lambda x: x
self.field = field
self.value = conv_func(value)
def __call__(self, target_dict, cred_dict):
target_value = target_dict.get(self.field)
# target_value might be a boolean, explicitly compare with None
if target_value is None:
LOG.debug(_("Unable to find requested field: %(field)s in "
"target: %(target_dict)s"),
{'field': self.field,
'target_dict': target_dict})
return False
return target_value == self.value
def _prepare_check(context, action, target):
"""Prepare rule, target, and credentials for the policy engine."""
# Compare with None to distinguish case in which target is {}
if target is None:
target = {}
match_rule = _build_match_rule(action, target)
credentials = context.to_dict()
return match_rule, target, credentials
def check(context, action, target, plugin=None, might_not_exist=False):
"""Verifies that the action is valid on the target in this context.
:param context: tacker context
:param action: string representing the action to be checked
this should be colon separated for clarity.
:param target: dictionary representing the object of the action
for object creation this should be a dictionary representing the
location of the object e.g. ``{'project_id': context.project_id}``
:param plugin: currently unused and deprecated.
Kept for backward compatibility.
:param might_not_exist: If True the policy check is skipped (and the
function returns True) if the specified policy does not exist.
Defaults to false.
:return: Returns True if access is permitted else False.
if might_not_exist and not (policy._rules and action in policy._rules):
return True
return policy.check(*(_prepare_check(context, action, target)))
def enforce(context, action, target, plugin=None):
"""Verifies that the action is valid on the target in this context.
:param context: tacker context
:param action: string representing the action to be checked
this should be colon separated for clarity.
:param target: dictionary representing the object of the action
for object creation this should be a dictionary representing the
location of the object e.g. ``{'project_id': context.project_id}``
:param plugin: currently unused and deprecated.
Kept for backward compatibility.
:raises tacker.exceptions.PolicyNotAuthorized: if verification fails.
rule, target, credentials = _prepare_check(context, action, target)
result = policy.check(rule, target, credentials, action=action)
if not result:
LOG.debug(_("Failed policy check for '%s'"), action)
raise exceptions.PolicyNotAuthorized(action=action)
return result
def check_is_admin(context):
"""Verify context has admin rights according to policy settings."""
# the target is user-self
credentials = context.to_dict()
target = credentials
# Backward compatibility: if ADMIN_CTX_POLICY is not
# found, default to validating role:admin
admin_policy = (ADMIN_CTX_POLICY in policy._rules
and ADMIN_CTX_POLICY or 'role:admin')
return policy.check(admin_policy, target, credentials)
def _extract_roles(rule, roles):
if isinstance(rule, policy.RoleCheck):
elif isinstance(rule, policy.RuleCheck):
_extract_roles(policy._rules[rule.match], roles)
elif hasattr(rule, 'rules'):
for rule in rule.rules:
_extract_roles(rule, roles)
def get_admin_roles():
"""Return a list of roles which are granted admin rights according
to policy settings.
# NOTE(salvatore-orlando): This function provides a solution for
# populating implicit contexts with the appropriate roles so that
# they correctly pass policy checks, and will become superseded
# once all explicit policy checks are removed from db logic and
# plugin modules. For backward compatibility it returns the literal
# admin if ADMIN_CTX_POLICY is not defined
if not policy._rules or ADMIN_CTX_POLICY not in policy._rules:
return ['admin']
admin_ctx_rule = policy._rules[ADMIN_CTX_POLICY]
except (KeyError, TypeError):
roles = []
_extract_roles(admin_ctx_rule, roles)
return roles