A collection of collectd plugins to publish metrics and events to OpenStack services.
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GSG.rst 10KB

Getting Started with Collectd

This is a getting started guide that describes the manual setup of collectd and the configuration of the plugins contained in this repository (gnocchi, aodh).

Pre-requisites

  • Access to the internet
  • A working OpenStack environment
  • keystone service enabled
  • gnocchi and/or aodh service(s) enabled

Collectd Installation

This section describes how to install collectd.

  • Ensure that the binary packages for your Linux distribution are installed and up-to-date.

    $ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
    # OR
    $ sudo yum update
  • Install packages required for the collectd OpenStack plugins

    $ sudo apt-get install libvirt-bin libvirt-dev python-libvirt
    # OR
    $ sudo yum install libvirt libvirt-devel libvirt-python

Note

The following instructions are for building collectd from source, if you want to install from the package manager instead, then run the following commands instead and jump to Configuration of collectd openstack plugins

$ sudo apt-get install collectd
# OR
$ sudo yum install collectd
  • Install the libraries to are needed to build collectd:

    $ sudo apt-get install byacc flex bison build-essential automake libgcrypt20 libtool
    # OR
    $ sudo yum install flex bison automake autoconf libtool
  • Install plugin prerequisites. If the requirements for a plugin are installed, collectd will build this plugin. Collectd documentation provides a list of requirements for each plugin.
  • Clone the source code from the repo:

    $ git clone http://github.com/collectd/collectd

The current major version of collectd is version 5

  • Checkout the version 5.7 branch (or use master)

    $ cd collectd
    $ git checkout collectd-5.7
  • Generate the config script

    $ ./build.sh
  • Configure the build

    <COLLECTD_PREFIX> is the location where collectd will be built, common values are /usr and /opt/collectd. Substitute it in the following commands.

    $ ./configure --enable-python --enable-debug \
    --enable-logging --enable-syslog --prefix=<COLLECTD_PREFIX>
  • Compile and install collectd

    $ make -j all
    $ sudo make install

Configure the Collectd Service

This section covers configuring the collectd service if your system uses systemd to manage services.

To enable collectd to run as a service:

  • Add the collectd unit file to your system. This file is located in the "contrib/" directory of the collectd repo.

    $ sudo cp contrib/systemd.collectd.service /etc/systemd/system/collectd.service
  • Edit the file so that it points to the collectd binary.

    ExecStart=<COLLECTD_PREFIX>/sbin/collectd -C <COLLECTD_PREFIX>/etc/collectd.conf
  • Enable collectd

    $ sudo systemctl enable collectd
  • Start the collectd service:

    $ sudo systemctl start collectd
  • Check the status of collectd

    $ sudo systemctl status collectd
For further information on enabling collectd as a service:

https://collectd.org/wiki/index.php/First_steps#Starting_the_daemon

Configuring Collectd

  • Locate collectd.conf
    • If you installed collectd from a package manager, collectd.conf is located in /etc/collectd.conf.
    • If you built from source, collectd.conf is located at <COLLECTD_PREFIX>/etc/collectd.conf.
  • Configure some collectd plugins.
  • Update collectd.conf to ensure that the files in the configuration directory are loaded.

    $ cat << EOF | sudo -E tee -a $<COLLECTD_PREFIX>/etc/collectd.conf
    
         <Include "<COLLECTD_PREFIX/etc/collectd.conf.d/">
             Filter "*.conf"
         </Include>
      EOF
  • Configure some collectd plugins

Collectd OpenStack plugins

This section describes the steps to installing and configuring the collectd plugins for gnocchi and aodh.

  • Clone the collectd-ceilometer-plugin code.

    $ git clone https://github.com/openstack/collectd-ceilometer-plugin
    $ cd collectd-ceilometer-plugin
  • Install the module and requirements

    $ sudo pip install .

Sample configurations for each of the plugins in this repo are included under collectd-ceilometer-plugin/etc/collectd.conf.d/ These files should be copied into the collectd configuration directory <COLLECTD_PREFIX>/etc/collectd.conf.d/, and updated to reflect your environment

  • Copy the sample plugin configurations to the configuration directory:

    $ sudo cp etc/collectd.conf.d/collectd-*-plugin.conf <COLLECTD_PREFIX>/etc/collectd.conf.d/
  • To ensure that logging is enabled before any other plugin, copy the sample log file to the configuration directory

    $ sudo cp $COLLECTD_CEILOMETER_DIR/etc/collectd.conf.d/logfile.conf <COLLECTD_PREFIX>/etc/collectd.conf.d/01-logfile.conf

The following instructions apply to collectd-gnocchi and collectd-aodh plugins.

In the collectd-{gnocchi,aodh}-plugin.conf file a few variables have to be changed to suit your environment:

  • Set the ModulePath to be the location of your collectd-ceilometer-plugin directory (this values will be the same for gnocchi and aodh plugins).

    <Plugin python>
        ModulePath "/path/to/collectd-ceilometer-plugin"
        ...
  • You must specify the service endpoint address, OS_AUTH_URL. In an openstack setup you can use the openstack client to identify this.
    • Find the keystone service endpoint

      $ openstack catalog list
    • Update collectd-{gnocchi,aodh}-plugin.conf

      OS_AUTH_URL "http://<KEYSTONE_HOST>/identity/v3"
  • Modify the credentials for the openstack service that the plugin is using. These will be different for gnocchi and aodh. These values are set when creating the aodh and gnocchi services in OpenStack.

    If you used an installer, some typical values are shown below.

    # Service user creds
    OS_USERNAME "aodh"|"gnocchi"|etc
    OS_PASSWORD <password for the user>
    OS_TENANT_NAME "service"|"services"|etc

If you would like to enable any additional features please follow the instructions provided in the Additional Features section below before moving on to the next step.

  • Restart the collectd service to load the new configuration:

    $  sudo systemctl restart collectd

Verification

To verify that the plugins are working with collectd, use the OpenStack client.

  • Source the credentials required to use the OpenStack client.

    $ source openrc

The following commands vary, depending on which plugins are configured.

If you are using collectd-gnocchi-plugin:

  • Verify that the metrics are being created in gnocchi:

    $ openstack metric metric list
  • Check on individual metrics:

    $ openstack metric measures show <metric_ID>

If you are using collectd-aodh-plugin, it is harder to verify that this is working, as collectd-aodh sends notifications, and not regular metrics.

To verify, you can use the collectd-threshold plugin, and set some really low thresholds in order to generate notifications for collectd_aodh to send.

Additional Features

Customized Units

This feature enables you to customize the units of the data being collected. It can be used to update existing units or add in new units by updating the plugin to unit mappings. If you are creating a new meter by enabling a plugin which doesn't provide its own unit mappings, this feature can be used to add in the new units for this meter.

Note

This feature is for collectd-gnocchi

  • In your collectd-gnocchi-plugin.conf file add in the following lines at the end of the <Module> section. Edit the line to include the name of of your chosen meter and its new units.

    <UNITS>
      UNIT <meter_name> <units>
    </UNITS>
  • Additional lines of a similar nature can be added to change the units of multiple meters.
  • Restart the collectd service and your customized units will be updated.

    $  sudo systemctl restart collectd
  • Verify that the units have been changed:
    ::

    # For Gnocchi: $ openstack metric metric list | grep <metric_name> # OR $ openstack metric measures show <metric_id>

Troubleshooting

If you are unable to verify that Gnocchi is working with collectd, try restarting the service, then check the metric list again.

$ sudo systemctl restart collectd

Then you can also check the status of the service again or for further details you can use the following command.

$ sudo journalctl -xe

This will allow you to examine any errors that are occurring.

If the plugin still doesn't appear to be working and the collectd service is running correctly without any errors, try enabling the csv plugin. This will allow you to check if collectd is generating any metrics. Enable the csv plugin, restart collectd and check the destination directory for the plugin. This will allow you to check if the plugin is loaded.