A set of Neutron drivers for the VMware NSX.
You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
 
 
 

15 KiB

Admin Utility

The NSXv and the NSXv3 support the nsxadmin utility. This enables and administrator to determine and rectify inconsistencies between the Neutron DB and the NSX. usage: nsxadmin -r <resources> -o <operation>

NSXv

The following resources are supported: 'security-groups', 'edges', 'networks', 'firewall-sections', 'orphaned-edges', 'spoofguard-policy', 'missing-edges', 'backup-edges', 'nsx-security-groups', 'dhcp-binding' and 'metadata'

Edges

  • List backend NSX edges with their id, name and some more information:

    nsxadmin -r edges -o nsx-list
  • List backend NSX edges with more details:

    nsxadmin -r edges -o nsx-list --verbose
  • Neutron list:

    nsxadmin -r edges -o neutron-list
  • Update Resource pool / Datastore on all edges in the backend. This utility can update resource pool and datastore ID of all edges to the nsx.ini configuration:

    nsxadmin -r edges -o nsx-update-all --property appliances=True
  • Update Resource pool / Datastore / edge HA of an edge: This utility can be used on upgrade after the customer added ha_datastore_id to the nsx.ini configuration or after changing the resource pool / data store globally or per availability zone. This Utility can update the deployment of existing edges:

    nsxadmin -r edges -o nsx-update --property edge-id=<edge-id> --property appliances=True
  • Update the size of an edge:

    nsxadmin -r edges -o nsx-update --property edge-id=edge-55 --property size=compact
  • Update the high availability of an edge: enable/disable high availability of an edge:

    nsxadmin -r edges -o nsx-update --property edge-id=edge-55 --property highavailability=<True/False>
  • Update syslog config on edge (syslog-proto and syslog-server2 are optional):

    nsxadmin -o nsx-update -r edges -p edge-id=edge-55 --property syslog-server=<server ip> --property syslog-server2=<server ip> --property syslog-proto=<tcp|udp>
  • Delete syslog config on edge:

    nsxadmin -o nsx-update -r edges -p edge-id=edge-55 --property syslog-server=none
  • Enable logging with specified log level for specific module (routing, dns, dhcp, highavailability, loadbalancer) on edge:

    nsxadmin -o nsx-update -r edges -p edge-id=edge-55 --property routing-log-level=debug
  • Enable logging with specified log level for all supported modules on edge:

    nsxadmin -o nsx-update -r edges -p edge-id=edge-55 --property log-level=debug
  • Disable logging on edge:

    nsxadmin -o nsx-update -r edges -p edge-id=edge-55 --property log-level=none
  • Update reservations of an edge:

    nsxadmin -o nsx-update -r edges -p edge-id=edge-55 --property resource=<cpu|memory> --property limit=<limit> --property reservation=<reservation> --property shares=<shares>
  • Update DRS hostgroups for an edge:

    nsxadmin -o nsx-update -r edges -p edge-id=edge-55 --property hostgroup=update|all
  • Update DRS hostgroups for all edges:

    nsxadmin -o nsx-update -r edges --property hostgroup=all
  • Clean all DRS hostgroups for all edges:

    nsxadmin -o nsx-update -r edges --property hostgroup=clean

Orphaned Edges

  • List orphaned edges (exist on NSXv backend but don't have a corresponding binding in Neutron DB):

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-edges -o list
  • Clean orphaned edges (delete edges from NSXv backend):

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-edges -o clean

Orphaned Router bindings

  • List orphaned router bindings entries (exist on the router bindings DB table, but the neutron object behind them (router, network, or loadbalancer) is missing):

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-bindings -o list
  • Clean orphaned router bindings entries (delete DB entry):

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-bindings -o clean

Missing Edges

  • List missing edges on NSX. This includes missing networks on those edges:

    nsxadmin -r missing-edges -o list

Backup Edges

  • List backend backup edges with their id, name and some more information:

    nsxadmin -r backup-edges -o list
  • Delete backup edge:

    nsxadmin -r backup-edges -o clean --property edge-id=edge-9
  • Delete all backup edges:

    nsxadmin -r backup-edges -o clean-all
  • List Edge name mismatches between DB and backend, and backup edges that are missing from the backend:

    nsxadmin -r backup-edges -o list-mismatches
  • Fix Edge name mismatch between DB and backend by updating the name on the backend:

    nsxadmin -r backup-edges -o fix-mismatch --property edge-id=edge-9
  • Delete a backup edge from the DB and NSX by it's router ID:

    nsxadmin -r backup-edges -o neutron-clean --property router-id=backup-26ab1a3a-d73d

DHCP Bindings

  • List missing DHCP bindings: list dhcp edges that are missing from the NSXv backend:

    nsxadmin -r dhcp-binding -o list
  • Update DHCP bindings on an edge:

    nsxadmin -r dhcp-binding -o nsx-update --property edge-id=edge-15
  • Recreate DHCP edge by moving all the networks to other edges:

    nsxadmin -r dhcp-binding -o nsx-recreate --property edge-id=edge-222
  • Recreate DHCP edge for a specific network (when the edge does not exist):

    nsxadmin -r dhcp-binding -o nsx-recreate --property net-id=5253ae45-75b4-4489-8aa1-6a9e1cfa80a6

Routers

  • Recreate a router edge by moving the router/s to other edge/s:

    nsxadmin -r routers -o nsx-recreate --property edge-id=edge-308
  • Recreate a router on the nsx backend by removing it from the current edge (if any), and attaching to a new one:

    nsxadmin -r routers -o nsx-recreate --property router-id=8cdd6d06-b457-4cbb-a0b1-41e08ccce287
  • Migrate NSXv metadata infrastructure for VDRs - use regular DHCP edges for VDR:

    nsxadmin -r routers -o migrate-vdr-dhcp

Networks

  • Ability to update or get the teaming policy for a DVS:

    nsxadmin -r networks -o nsx-update --property dvs-id=<id> --property teamingpolicy=<policy>
  • List backend networks and their network morefs:

    nsxadmin -r networks -o list

Missing Networks

  • List networks which are missing from the backend:

    nsxadmin -r missing-networks -o list

Orphaned Networks

  • List networks which are missing from the neutron DB:

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-networks -o list
  • Delete a backend network by it's moref:

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-networks -o nsx-clean --property moref=<moref>

Security Groups, Firewall and Spoofguard

  • Security groups. This adds support to list security-groups mappings and miss-matches between the mappings and backend resources as: firewall-sections and nsx-security-groups:

    nsxadmin --resource security-groups --operation list
    nsxadmin -r nsx-security-groups -o {list, list-missmatches}
    nsxadmin -r firewall-sections -o {list, list-missmatches}
  • Spoofguard support:

    nsxadmin -r spoofguard-policy -o list-mismatches
    nsxadmin -r spoofguard-policy -o clean --property policy-id=spoofguardpolicy-10
    nsxadmin -r spoofguard-policy -o list --property reverse (entries defined on NSXv and not in Neutron)
  • Migrate a security group from using rules to using a policy

    nsxadmin -r security-groups -o migrate-to-policy --property policy-id=policy-10 --property security-group-id=733f0741-fa2c-4b32-811c-b78e4dc8ec39

  • Reorder the nsx L3 firewall sections to correctly support the policy security groups

    nsxadmin -r firewall-sections -o nsx-reorder

  • Update the default cluster section

    nsxadmin -r firewall-sections -o nsx-update

Metadata

  • Update loadbalancer members on router and DHCP edges:

    nsxadmin -r metadata -o nsx-update
  • Update shared secret on router and DHCP edges:

    nsxadmin -r metadata -o nsx-update-secret
  • Retrieve metadata connectivity - optionally for a specific network:

    nsxadmin -r metadata -o status [--property network_id=<net_id>]

Config

  • Validate the configuration in the nsx.ini and backend connectivity

    nsxadmin -r config -o validate

NSXv3

The following resources are supported: 'security-groups', 'routers', 'networks', 'nsx-security-groups', 'dhcp-binding', 'metadata-proxy', 'orphaned-dhcp-servers', 'firewall-sections', 'certificate', 'orphaned-networks', 'orphaned-routers', and 'ports'.

Networks

  • List missing networks:

    nsxadmin -r networks -o list-mismatches

Orphaned Networks

  • List networks (logical switches) which are missing from the neutron DB:

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-networks -o list
  • Delete a backend network (logical switch) by it's nsx-id:

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-networks -o nsx-clean --property nsx-id=<id>

Routers

  • List missing routers:

    nsxadmin -r routers -o list-mismatches
  • Update NAT rules on all routers to stop bypassing the FW rules. This is useful for NSX version 2.0 & up, before starting to use FWaaS

    nsxadmin -r routers -o nsx-update-rules

  • Update DHCP relay service on NSX router ports according to the current configuration:

    nsxadmin -r routers -o nsx-update-dhcp-relay

Orphaned Routers

  • List logical routers which are missing from the neutron DB:

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-routers -o list
  • Delete a backend logical router by it's nsx-id:

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-routers -o nsx-clean --property nsx-id=<id>

Ports

  • List missing ports, and ports that exist on backend but without the expected switch profiles:

    nsxadmin -r ports -o list-mismatches
  • Update the VMs ports on the backend after migrating nsx-v -> nsx-v3:

    nsxadmin -r ports -o nsx-migrate-v-v3
  • Migrate exclude ports to use tags:

    nsxadmin -r ports -o migrate-exclude-ports
  • Tag ports to be part of the default OS security group:

    nsxadmin -r ports -o nsx-tag-default

Security Groups & NSX Security Groups

  • List backed security groups:

    nsxadmin -r nsx-security-groups -o list
  • List neutron security groups:

    nsxadmin -r security-groups -o list
  • Fix mismatch sections in security group:

    nsxadmin -r security-groups -o fix-mismatch
  • List nsx security groups with mismatch sections:

    nsxadmin -r nsx-security-groups -o list-mismatches
  • Update NSX security groups dynamic criteria for NSXv3 CrossHairs:

    nsxadmin -r nsx-security-groups -o migrate-to-dynamic-criteria

Firewall Sections

  • List backed firewall sections:

    nsxadmin -r firewall-sections -o list
  • List security groups with missing sections:

    nsxadmin -r firewall-sections -o list-mismatches

Metadata Proxy

  • List version 1.0.0 metadata networks in Neutron:

    nsxadmin -r metadata-proxy -o list
  • Resync metadata proxies for NSXv3 version 1.1.0 and above (enable md proxy, or update the uuid). This is only for migrating to native metadata support:

    nsxadmin -r metadata-proxy -o nsx-update --property metadata_proxy_uuid=<metadata_proxy_uuid>
  • update the ip of the Nova server in the metadata proxy server on the nsx

    nsxadmin -r metadata-proxy -o nsx-update-ip --property server-ip=<server-ip> --property availability-zone=<optional zone name>

DHCP Bindings

  • List DHCP bindings in Neutron:

    nsxadmin -r dhcp-binding -o list
  • Resync DHCP bindings for NSXv3 version 1.1.0 and above. This is only for migrating to native DHCP support:

    nsxadmin -r dhcp-binding -o nsx-update --property dhcp_profile_uuid=<dhcp_profile_uuid>

Orphaned DHCP Servers

  • List orphaned DHCP servers (exist on NSXv3 backend but don't have a corresponding binding in Neutron DB):

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-dhcp-servers -o nsx-list
  • Clean orphaned DHCP servers (delete logical DHCP servers from NSXv3 backend):

    nsxadmin -r orphaned-dhcp-servers -o nsx-clean

Client Certificate

  • Generate new client certificate (this command will delete previous certificate if exists):

    nsxadmin -r certificate -o generate [--property username=<username> --property password=<password> --property key-size=<size> --property sig-alg=<alg> --property valid-days=<days> --property country=<country> --property state=<state> --property org=<organization> --property unit=<unit> --property host=<hostname>]
  • Delete client certificate:

    nsxadmin -r certificate -o clean
  • Show client certificate details:

    nsxadmin -r certificate -o show
  • Import external certificate to NSX:

    nsxadmin -r certificate -o import [--property username=<username> --property password=<password> --property filename=<cert filename>]
  • List certificates associated with openstack principal identity in NSX:

    nsxadmin -r certificate -o nsx-list

BGP GW edges

  • Create new BGP GW edge:

    nsxadmin -r bgp-gw-edge -o create --property name=<NAME> --property local-as=<ASN> --property external-iface=<PORTGROUP_MOREF>:<IP_ADDRESS/PREFIX_LEN> --property internal-iface=<PORTGROUP_MOREF>:<IP_ADDRESS/PREFIX_LEN>
  • Delete BGP GW edge:

    nsxadmin -r bgp-gw-edge -o delete --property gw-edge-id=<edge-id>
  • Add a redistribution rule to a BGP GW edges:

    nsxadmin -r routing-redistribution-rule -o create --property edge-ids=<edge_id>[,...] [--property prefix=<NAME:CIDR>] --property learner-protocol=<ospf/bgp> --property learn-from=ospf,bgp,connected,static --property action=<permit/deny>
  • Remove a redistribution rule from BGP GW edges:

    nsxadmin -r routing-redistribution-rule -o delete --property gw-edge-ids=<edge_id>[,...] [--property prefix-name=<NAME>]
  • Add a new BGP neighbour to BGP GW edges:

    nsxadmin -r bgp-neighbour -o create --property gw-edge-ids=<edge_id>[,...] --property ip-address=<IP_ADDRESS>  --property remote-as=<ASN> --property --password=<PASSWORD>
  • Remove BGP neighbour from BGP GW edges:

    nsxadmin -r bgp-neighbour -o delete --property gw-edge-ids=<edge_id>[,...] --property ip-address=<IP_ADDRESS>

LBaaS

  • List NSX LB services:

    nsxadmin -r lb-services -o list
  • List NSX LB virtual servers:

    nsxadmin -r lb-virtual-servers -o list
  • List NSX LB pools:

    nsxadmin -r lb-pools -o list
  • List NSX LB monitors:

    nsxadmin -r lb-monitors -o list

Config

  • Validate the configuration in the nsx.ini and backend connectivity

    nsxadmin -r config -o validate

Upgrade Steps (Version 1.0.0 to Version 1.1.0)

  1. Upgrade NSX backend from version 1.0.0 to version 1.1.0
  2. Create a DHCP-Profile and a Metadata-Proxy in NSX backend
  3. Stop Neutron
  4. Install version 1.1.0 Neutron plugin
  5. Run admin tools to migrate version 1.0.0 objects to version 1.1.0 objects

    nsxadmin -r metadata-proxy -o nsx-update --property metadata_proxy_uuid=<UUID of Metadata-Proxy created in Step 2>

    nsxadmin -r dhcp-binding -o nsx-update --property dhcp_profile_uuid=<UUID of DHCP-Profile created in Step 2>

  6. Start Neutron
  7. Make sure /etc/nova/nova.conf has metadata_proxy_shared_secret = <Secret of Metadata-Proxy created in Step 2>
  8. Restart VMs or ifdown/ifup their network interface to get new DHCP options