Christian Berendt c3d8262ec5 Add doc8 test and improve rst syntax
This will test all rst files inside the doc directory for style issues with
doc8 (an opinionated style checker for rst styles of documentation).

This will fix all syntax issues identified by doc8 and will improve
the syntax.

Change-Id: Id1b9563e07e77e306aef5a0767c98c27f87c5c0e
2016-08-04 15:09:10 +02:00

4.0 KiB

Cinder in Kolla


Currently Kolla can deploy the cinder services:

  • cinder-api
  • cinder-scheduler
  • cinder-backup
  • cinder-volume

The cinder implementation defaults to using LVM storage. The default implementation requires a volume group be set up. This can either be a real physical volume or a loopback mounted file for development.

Create a Volume Group

Use pvcreate and vgcreate to create the volume group. For example with the devices /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc:

<WARNING ALL DATA ON /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc will be LOST!>

pvcreate /dev/sdb /dev/sdc
vgcreate cinder-volumes /dev/sdb /dev/sdc

During development, it may be desirable to use file backed block storage. It is possible to use a file and mount it as a block device via the loopback system. :

mknod /dev/loop2 b 7 2
dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/lib/cinder_data.img bs=1G count=20
losetup /dev/loop2 /var/lib/cinder_data.img
pvcreate /dev/loop2
vgcreate cinder-volumes /dev/loop2


Create a volume as follows:

$ openstack volume create --size 1 steak_volume
<bunch of stuff printed>

Verify it is available. If it says "error" here something went wrong during LVM creation of the volume. :

$ openstack volume list
| ID                                   | Display Name | Status    | Size | Attached to |
| 0069c17e-8a60-445a-b7f0-383a8b89f87e | steak_volume | available |    1 |             |

Attach the volume to a server using:

openstack server add volume steak_server 0069c17e-8a60-445a-b7f0-383a8b89f87e

Check the console log added the disk:

openstack console log show steak_server

A /dev/vdb should appear in the console log, at least when booting cirros. If the disk stays in the available state, something went wrong during the iSCSI mounting of the volume to the guest VM.

Cinder LVM2 backend with iSCSI

As of Newton-1 milestone, Kolla supports LVM2 as cinder backend. It is accomplished by introducing two new containers tgtd and iscsid. tgtd container serves as a bridge between cinder-volume process and a server hosting Logical Volume Groups (LVG). iscsid container serves as a bridge between nova-compute process and the server hosting LVG.

In order to use iSCSI as a Cinder's backend, these two parameters must be specified in globals.yml. :

enable_iscsi: "yes"

cinder_volume_group: << lvg_name >>


  • lvg_name - is a name of LVG on that server.

NOTE: For Ubuntu and LVM2/iSCSI

iscsd process uses configfs which is normally mounted at /sys/kernel/config to store discovered targets information, on centos/rhel type of systems this special file system gets mounted automatically, which is not the case on debian/ubuntu. Since iscsid container runs on every nova compute node, the following steps must be completed on every Ubuntu server targeted for nova compute role.

  • Add configfs module to /etc/modules
  • Rebuild initramfs using: update-initramfs -u command
  • Make sure configfs gets mounted during a server boot up process. There are multiple ways to accomplish it, one example is adding this command "mount -t configfs configfs /sys/kernel/config" to /etc/rc.local