Tap-as-a-Service is a project to introduce the functionality of port mirroring in OpenStack Neutron provisioned networks.
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Tap as a Service API REFERENCE

This documents is an API REFERENCE for Tap-as-a-Service Neutron extension.

The documents is organized into the following sections: * TaaS Resources * API Reference * TaaS CLI Reference * Workflow

TaaS Resources

TaaS consists of two resources, TapService and TapFlow.

TapService

TapService Represents the port on which the mirrored traffic is delivered. Any service (VM) that uses the mirrored data is attached to the port.

TapFlow

TapFlow Represents the port from which the traffic needs to be mirrored.

Multiple TapFlow instances can be associated with a single TapService instance.

API REFERENCE

Below is the list of REST APIs that can be used to interact with TaaS Neutron extension

  1. Create TapService

POST /v2.0/taas/tap_services

Json Request:

Json Response:

  1. List TapServices

GET /v2.0/taas/tap_services/{tap_service_uuid}

Json Response:

  1. Delete TapService

DELETE /v2.0/taas/tap_services/{tap_service_uuid}

4. Create TapFlow

POST /v2.0/taas/tap_flows

Json Request:

Json Response:

  1. List TapFlows

GET /v2.0/taas/tap_flows/{tap_flow_uuid}

Json Response:

  1. Delete TapFlow

DELETE /v2.0/taas/tap_flows/{tap_flow_uuid}

TaaS CLI Reference ==================

Openstack CLI

OpenStackClient provides the basic network commands and tap-as-a-service has an extension for taas related commands.

  • Create tap service: openstack tap service create --name <name of the tap service> --port <name or ID of the port on which the traffic is delivered>
  • List tap services: openstack tap service list
  • Show tap service: openstack tap service show <tap service id/tap service name>
  • Delete tap service: openstack tap service delete <tap service id/tap service name>
  • Update tap service: openstack tap service update <tap service id/tap service name> --name <new name of the tap service> --description <new description of the tap service>
  • Create tap flow: openstack tap flow create --name <name of the tap flow> --port <name or ID of the Source port to which the Tap Flow is connected> --tap-service <name or ID of the tap service> --direction <Direction of the Tap flow. Possible options are: IN, OUT, BOTH> --vlan-filter <LAN Ids to be mirrored in the form of range string>
  • List tap flows openstack tap flow list
  • Show tap flow openstack tap flow show <tap flow id/tap flow name>
  • Delete tap flow openstack tap flow delete <tap flow id/tap flow name>
  • Update tap flow openstack tap flow update <tap flow id/tap flow name> --name <new name of the tap flow> --description <new description of the tap flow>

Neutron CLI

Warning

neutron CLI is now deprecated, and will be removed in the future. Use openstack CLI instead.

The TaaS commands can be executed using TaaS CLI, which is integrated with neutron. It can be used to send REST request and interact with the TaaS extension. Given below are the detail of the CLIs:

  • neutron tap-service-create: Creates a Tap service.
  • neutron tap-service-list: Lists all the Tap services.
  • neutron tap-service-show: Show the details for a Tap service.
  • neutron tap-service-update: Update the information for a Tap service.
  • neutron tap-service-delete: Delete an existing Tap service.
  • neutron tap-flow-create: Creates a Tap flow.
  • neutron tap-flow-list: Lists all the Tap flows.
  • neutron tap-flow-show: Show the details for a Tap flow.
  • neutron tap-flow-update: Update the information for a Tap flow.
  • neutron tap-flow-delete: Delete an existing Tap flow.

For usage type --help after any of the above commands in the terminal after TaaS has been installed.

Workflow

In this section we describe a simple sequence of steps to use TaaS.

Workflow Sequence

  1. Create a Neutron port with 'port_security_enabled' set to 'false'.
  2. Launch a VM (VM on which you want to monitor/receive the mirrored data). Associate the Neutron port created in step 1 while creating the VM.
  3. Using Neutron Client command for TaaS neutron tap-service-create or via REST APIs create a Tap Service instance by associating the port created in step 1.
  4. Using Neutron Client command for TaaS neutron tap-flow-create or via REST APIs create a Tap Flow instance by associating the Tap Service instance created in step 3 and the target Neutron port from which you want to mirror traffic (assuming the Neutron port from which the traffic needs to be monitored already exists.) Mirroring can be done for both incoming and/or outgoing traffic from the target Neutron port.
  5. Observe the mirrored traffic on the monitoring VM by running tools such as tcpdump.