wsme/doc/source/integrate.rst

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Integrating with a Framework

General considerations

Using WSME within another framework providing its own REST capabilities is generally done by using a specific decorator to declare the function signature, in addition to the framework's own way of declaring exposed functions.

This decorator can have two different names depending on the adapter.

@wsexpose

This decorator will declare the function signature and take care of calling the adequate decorators of the framework.

Generally this decorator is provided for frameworks that use object-dispatch controllers, such as adapter-pecan.

@signature

This decorator only sets the function signature and returns a function that can be used by the host framework as a REST request target.

Generally this decorator is provided for frameworks that expect functions taking a request object as a single parameter and returning a response object. This is the case for adapter-flask.

If you want to enable additional protocols, you will need to mount a WSRoot instance somewhere in the application, generally /ws. This subpath will then handle the additional protocols. In a future version, a WSGI middleware will probably play this role.

Note

Not all the adapters are at the same level of maturity.

WSGI Application

The wsme.WSRoot.wsgiapp function of WSRoot returns a WSGI application.

Example

The following example assumes the REST protocol will be entirely handled by WSME, which is the case if you write a WSME standalone application.

from wsme import WSRoot, expose


class MyRoot(WSRoot):
    @expose(unicode)
    def helloworld(self):
        return u"Hello World !"

root = MyRoot(protocols=['restjson'])
application = root.wsgiapp()

Flask

"Flask is a microframework for Python based on Werkzeug, Jinja 2 and good intentions. And before you ask: It's BSD licensed! "

Warning

Flask support is limited to function signature handling. It does not support additional protocols. This is a temporary limitation, if you have needs on that matter please tell us at python-wsme@googlegroups.com.

wsmeext.flask -- Flask adapter

wsmeext.flask

signature(return_type, *arg_types, **options)

See @signature for parameters documentation.

Can be used on a function before routing it with flask.

Example

from wsmeext.flask import signature

@app.route('/multiply')
@signature(int, int, int)
def multiply(a, b):
    return a * b

Pecan

"Pecan was created to fill a void in the Python web-framework world a very lightweight framework that provides object-dispatch style routing. Pecan does not aim to be a "full stack" framework, and therefore includes no out of the box support for things like sessions or databases. Pecan instead focuses on HTTP itself."

Warning

A pecan application is not able to mount another WSGI application on a subpath. For that reason, additional protocols are not supported for now, until WSME provides a middleware that can do the same as a mounted WSRoot.

wsmeext.pecan -- Pecan adapter

wsmeext.pecan

wsexpose(return_type, *arg_types, **options)

See @signature for parameters documentation.

Can be used on any function of a pecan RestController instead of the expose decorator from Pecan.

Configuration

WSME can be configured through the application configation, by adding a 'wsme' configuration entry in config.py:

wsme = {
    'debug': True
}

Valid configuration variables are :

  • 'debug': Whether or not to include exception tracebacks in the returned server-side errors.

Example

The example from the Pecan documentation becomes:

from wsmeext.pecan import wsexpose

class BooksController(RestController):
    @wsexpose(Book, int, int)
    def get(self, author_id, id):
        # ..

    @wsexpose(Book, int, int, body=Book)
    def put(self, author_id, id, book):
        # ..

class AuthorsController(RestController):
        books = BooksController()